- What is this?
- How to use
- How to make at home
- Creating the foundation
- Working with stencils
- Continue work
Modern technologies allow craftsmen and needlewomen to open up new possibilities and horizons in creativity when creating their works. In recent years, many new techniques have emerged, as well as the development of old types of applied art. Texture paste is a material for creating three-dimensional reliefs and textures both on paper and on denser substrates such as wood or plaster. The use of this material gives great scope for creativity.
What is this?
Texture paste is a thick plastic composition consisting of acrylic and additional components. The paste is water-based and odorless. With it, you can make a variety of textures, create original reliefs. This is a universal product that is suitable for all surfaces: fabric, concrete, cardboard, wood.
If desired, the paste can be diluted with water. But after hardening, it becomes waterproof. This is important because it is extremely difficult to wash off the material after curing.
How to use
Texture paste is easy to apply. To use it, you need a palette knife, but if such a professional tool is not available, it is easy to replace it with a spatula, a sheet of thin cardboard or plasticine modeling stacks.
The paste is applied with light strokes and spread like butter over a sandwich. Then a pattern is applied to the surface using a thin stick or texture, using improvised means. Lace, flat comb teeth, stamps, stencils, prints, coins, buttons, toy car wheels and other suitable items are used. It is important to wash them immediately after use with warm water and soap. Otherwise, the frozen paste will clog all the recesses tightly.
Here's how to use texture paste. The process requires skill and skill to make the layer thickness uniform.
After drying, the surface can be painted with paint or other manipulations to give the work a finished look.
Paste can also be added to paints to obtain dense convex strokes. Paintings made with texture paste have depth and volume.
There are many types of pastes on sale from different manufacturers. But all this diversity can be divided into 4 groups.
Universal - have a light and plastic texture. They are smooth and do not contain inclusions. Ideal for creating the basis for future products. They are easy to apply any pattern or work with a stencil. Moreover, thisoption can be sanded. Therefore, working with such a paste is suitable for those who are taking their first steps in this type of needlework.
Fine-grained - differ in the content of small grains resembling sand. With this paste, you can create various original surfaces that imitate beach sand, snow and more.
Coarse-grained - they contain large inclusions of filler. The structure of such pastes is pronounced, rough. They are widely used in the design business, for wall decoration. They can also be added to other types of pastes to create a rich texture. The material is quite heavy, so it is not suitable for thin substrates such as paper or cardboard.
Paste for creating special effects - with a variety of fillers: particles of pumice, mica, glass beads. This is an option for those who create murals and various collages.
How to make at home
If it is not possible to purchase material in the store, you can make texture paste with your own hands. There are several options.
So, 1 tbsp. l. universal acrylic putty for interior work, which is sold in hardware stores, mix with a teaspoon of PVA glue and mix thoroughly. If the consistency is needed thinner - add glue, if thicker - putty. This mixture is flexible and easy to apply. You can draw it into a syringe and apply patterns or create a background surface. Store this composition in a tightly closed container for no more than 2weeks. It is better to make a new batch each time in the required quantities.
If a more fluffy texture is needed to simulate snow or sand, a little starch can be added during cooking.
You can do without building putty. To do this, add 2 tbsp to 0.5 cups of baking soda or talc. l. PVA and white acrylic paint. This composition holds its shape well, suitable for a textured base.
With the help of improvised means, you can make the paste grainy by adding semolina, sand, poppy seeds, coconut flakes, decorative or glass balls, sparkles to the base. As well as ready-made counterparts, these pastes can be dyed and subjected to other types of processing.
Creating the foundation
To create a textured base of texture paste, you need to apply the composition evenly on the prepared surface. Smooth out with a flat tool. Apply preferably in one direction, trying to achieve the same layer thickness.
You can create a masterpiece on a damp surface. Using a thin stick, you can draw a picture. Using improvised means, you can make an invoice. So, by attaching a flap of guipure on top, you can get an imprint of the picture.
A variety of improvised means can be useful for work, the main thing is to turn on your imagination. For example, the pads of your fingers can be used to pat on a wet surface to create a bright texture. You can add texture by going over the raw paste with a sponge, gauze or attach a beautiful shape.
After that, the work must be dried and manipulations continued.
Working with stencils
With the help of structural paste, you can make textured stencils, creating an imitation of brickwork, chocolate bars or mesh. This way you can decorate a photo frame, collage, passport cover or phone case.
The surface of the product is prepared, degreased, tinted, if necessary for work. A stencil is applied to the desired area, fixed with strips of paper tape. Using a flat object, such as a spatula or knife, a layer of paste is applied and leveled. You need to apply in one direction, trying to maintain the same layer thickness. Carefully remove the adhesive tape and remove the stencil from the texture paste, lifting it straight up so as not to smear the base that has not yet hardened. If misalignment occurs, carefully correct.
As soon as the work is done, it must be postponed until completely dry. Tools and hands should be washed immediately.
After drying, you can proceed to further manipulations. For example, continue decoupage with texture paste. To do this, the surface is covered with paint, varnish, toning, gilding and other operations are done. Such a surface is waterproof, hard and durable.
The textured paste paintings are incredibly beautiful. To create them, you can add paint to the finished paste and apply strokes with brushes or fingers.
You can also pattern with stacks and other tools with white compound, and then cover with dye.
Texture paste is a material that makes it possible to embody the most daring ideas in design. With this composition, you can make voluminous postcards, frames, paintings, murals and other products.