- Sheet fabric
- Materials and tools for work
- Mattress dimensions
- Sheet sewing instructions
- Variants for sewing in elastic
- Crib sheet
- Cut baby sheet
- The benefits of sheets
Modern beds are equipped with comfortable mattresses. Their height is significant, so the traditional flat sheet laid on such a bed is uncomfortable. In bed linen stores, the sizes of sheets with an elastic band in most cases correspond to European standards. What if your bed is different from these dimensions? Or, as an option, the mattress is made to order. There are also no comfortable, non-tangled sheets for cribs for sale. In this article you will find tips on how to sew an elasticated sheet for adults and children's beds.
For sewing sheets, fabrics are selected, the width of which is 2.5-3.0 meters. If the width of the selected material is less than necessary, then two strips of fabric are sewn together using a bed seam. The most suitable for making sheets are natural absorbent fabrics such as cotton, bamboo, linen and some types of mixed materials. If desired, you can sew a sheet from flannel, flannelette or terry cloth. They are usually used to make sheets and pillowcases.small children in the crib.
Besides, a material that has stretch does not need to shrink. If a natural fabric is chosen, it should first be washed in soapy hot water at a temperature not exceeding 40 °, rinsed, dried and ironed with a not too hot iron. Then you can make a pattern of a sheet with an elastic band and sew it.
If you do not soak the fabric, you need to take more of it, given that it will definitely shrink after washing. Cotton products have a shrinkage of 4% in length, 1% in width.
Materials and tools for work
Before starting work, you need to prepare everything you need, namely:
- fabric, depending on the size of the mattress, taking into account shrinkage;
- sewing machine;
- sewing accessories;
- sheet elastic (the quantity depends on the location of the sheet).
For sewing from simple fabrics, an ordinary sewing electric or foot machine is suitable for work. Knitted or terry fabric is more difficult to sew on it. These fabrics are sewn on a sewing machine that uses the overlock function.
The mattress has three overall dimensions: length, width and thickness. It is necessary to take measurements with one measuring tool in order to avoid measurement errors: with a centimeter tape or a meter ruler. Having measured the mattress, you can begin to calculate the size of the fabric for sewing sheets with an elastic band. Orthopedic mattresses usually have a size of 160 × 200 ×20 centimeters.
It is not difficult to calculate the required amount of fabric for sewing a sheet with an elastic band. It is necessary to add two lengths of sidewalls (40 cm) and fabric for elastic and backing (20 cm) to the length of the mattress measurement (200 cm). The fabric width is calculated in the same way. This is the width of the mattress (160 cm) plus two lengths of the sidewalls (40 cm) and fabric with an elastic band and a backing (20 cm).
After making the appropriate calculations, you should start creating a pattern for the product (photo 1).
Sheet sewing instructions
It is necessary to make a pattern of a sheet on an elastic band so as not to spoil the fabric by shifting the corners, this will lead to a skew of the sheet. Dimensions are applied to the fabric with chalk or a piece of dry soap. For cutting, use a special knife for cutting or tailor's scissors. We sew the resulting sheet blank in the corners, making a line at a distance of 3 mm from the cut. Be sure to zigzag on a regular sewing machine or overlock on a machine with special functions.
It is possible to sew with a backstitch at the corners of the sheet. In this case, the fabric is sewn on the front side, turned inside out, and a seam is made on the wrong side. The photo below illustrates this seam. The next step is to line the perimeter of the bottom of the sheet.
Variants for sewing in elastic
There are several options for placing the elastic in the drawstring of the sheet:
- Elastic band is sewn only on the corners of the sheet, that is, fromcorner of the sheet in both directions (20 cm each), an elastic band is stretched in the drawstring and fixed at the ends with a machine seam back and forth or with a needle and thread so as not to break out.
- The elastic is sewn along the width of the sheet with a turn of 20 cm from each edge and fixed (sample in the photo below).
- The elastic band is sewn around the entire perimeter of the sheet. It is believed that the length of the elastic should be equal to 1/2 the length of the perimeter of the sheet. In this case, the perimeter will be 200 × 2 + 160 × 2=720, which means that the length of the elastic should be 360 cm. The elastic is threaded into the drawstring with a pin. The threaded elastic is overlapped and hidden in the drawstring.
Sewn and put on the mattress, the sheet looks neat, will allow you to sleep peacefully, as it will not go astray even with restless sleep.
A fitted sheet is the perfect choice for baby bedding in a baby's crib. All parents of babies know how playful their kids are and how the sheet, seemingly tucked under the mattress, is constantly knocked out of there. Consider how to sew a sheet with an elastic band on a baby bed.
For sewing on a mattress in a crib, it is better to take delicate calico or 100% cotton. For the winter version of the bed sheet, you can take flannel, flannelette or terry fabric.
Cut baby sheet
The size of a crib is usually standard - 120 × 60 cm. The height of the mattress for a crib is small - 10 cm.We use a pattern for a large bed (photo 1). Calculate how much material you need to sew a sheet:
- Sheet length: 120 cm (mattress length) + 20 cm (mattress height 10 cm × 2) + 10 cm (backing 5 cm × 2)=150 cm.
- Sheet width: 60 cm (mattress width) + 20 (mattress height 10 cm × 2) + 10 cm (backing 5 cm × 2)=90 cm.
A sheet with an elastic band for a child's bed is made in the same way as for a large bed. A cut equal to 150 × 90 cm is cut out of the fabric. To properly cut the corners, you need to fold the fabric in half and twice again. It turned out the addition of 4 times. The fabric should be perfectly evenly folded. On the long side we measure 60 cm, on the short side - 30 cm. A square with a side of 15 cm is drawn on the received marks. We retreat 1 cm (for the stitching of corners) and draw parallel lines. The result is a square 14 × 14 cm.
Sew the corners of the sheets in the same way as for the sheets on the large bed. The material is tucked to form the drawstring. For baby sheets, it is recommended to insert an elastic band around the entire perimeter of the mattress, as shown in the photo above in the article. With a material width of 3 meters, you can buy 180 cm in length and sew 2 baby sheets with an elastic band.
In this case, only the corner squares will be "lunges". By the way, if the material is bright, colorful, needlewomen can make wonderful potholders for the kitchen from them.
The benefits of sheets
Whether you buy a sheet or sew it yourself, you focus primarily onthe merits of this product. The material that is purchased for sewing sheets is natural, high-quality and wear-resistant. These are linen, cotton and bamboo fabrics. The pleasant soft surface of the product has a comfortable rest.
The high density of these materials allows them not to lose their quality during washing and not to shrink. A sewn-in elastic around the perimeter of the sheet or otherwise prevents the sheet from moving around the mattress during sleep. And an important detail: such a sheet does not require ironing, as it stretches and sits perfectly on the mattress. If, nevertheless, there is a desire to iron it, this can be done by putting it on a mattress.
If the information on sewing sheets with an elastic band turned out to be useful to you, do such an easy and doable job right now, while there is a desire to do something with your own hands.