- Why are some coins more expensive?
- What is a brand?
- Where are the hallmarks of the Russian mints placed on the coins?
- Why are some coins missing hallmarks?
- History of the Moscow Mint (stamp M, MMD)
- History of the St. Petersburg Mint (stamp L, S-P, SPMD)
Collecting coins, or numismatics - the most popular form of collecting. Some consider it wrong to call coin collecting numismatics, since this word refers to the science of the origin and history of coins. However, the essence of the process does not change from this.
There are three main areas of coin collecting: thematic (collecting coins with certain images), collecting commemorative and commemorative coins, weathering (coins of a certain country by year and by mint, that is, they have certain hallmarks of Russian mints or another state).
Coin collecting is a very expensive hobby. Vintage copies can cost hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Not everyone can afford to buy a piece of metal for such an amount. Commemorative and commemorative coins also have a significant value, since in most cases they are made of precious metals or are produced in limited quantities. That is why among beginnersFor numismatists, the most popular area of collecting is collecting weather cards of the USSR and Russia. But even here it is not so simple! Even coins of the same state, denomination, year of issue and the same condition can have different prices on the market.
Why are some coins more expensive?
For example, in the Russian Federation today there are two mints - in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Both of these enterprises in the same period of time issued coins of the same denomination. However, one of the mints could issue a limited series. It is coins minted in a smaller circulation that will have a higher value. The limited series can be explained by the fact that the mint did not keep up with the minting, and part of the order was transferred to the second. The hallmarks of Russian mints will help determine the manufacturer.
What is a brand?
The Mint is a state-owned enterprise engaged in the manufacture of banknotes, orders, medals, commemorative signs, minting coins.
Stamp - a sign, designation of the enterprise, which produced (minted) the coin. Letters, monograms, badges, drawings, and so on can serve as hallmarks of mints.
As noted earlier, which mint - Moscow or St. Petersburg - minted a coin, its market value depends.
The first domestic coin, which has a mint stamp, is the 1975 ruble, dedicated to the thirtieth anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. Monogram (stamp) of the mint minted at the bottom right of the imagemonument. Subsequently, mint hallmarks were not placed on copper-nickel commemorative coins of the Soviet Union. In addition to domestic coins, the stamp of the Russian Mint (SPMD - St. Petersburg Mint) is on the change coins of Tajikistan.
Where are the hallmarks of the Russian mints placed on the coins?
In 1991, the hallmarks of the mints were the letters "M" and "L" - the Moscow and Leningrad mints. On Soviet coins, the stamp was to the right of the coat of arms. Exception - 5 and 10 kopecks. 1990
On coins of different denominations minted in 1991-1992 (the so-called GKChP issue) there are various signs of Russian mints. The letter "M" - 10 kopecks, the letter "L" - 50 kopecks, the monograms LMD and MMD - 1 ruble. On the coins of this period, the hallmarks of the mints are located under the denomination.
On all modern coins in circulation, Russian mints are indicated (designations - M, MMD, S-P, SPMD). On change coins (1-50 kopecks), S-P or M can be located under the horse's hoof. The letter "M" stands on coins minted by the Moscow Mint, "S-P" - St. Petersburg.
This principle is also observed on coins of 1, 2, 5 and 10 rubles. If you look closely, you can see the monograms MMD or SPMD (Moscow or St. Petersburg Mint, respectively) on the coin on the left under the paw of the double-headed eagle. However, there are differences here too - on coins of one mint and one year of mintingthe stigma has a different location relative to the eagle's paw. The market value of offset products is slightly higher.
Why are some coins missing hallmarks?
It should also be noted that the hallmark of Russian mints on the coin may not be. Most often, its absence is a manufacturing defect - the monogram or letter designation was simply forgotten to be applied during the manufacture of the stamp. To date, four coins without a mark are known - 1 ruble 1993 (dedicated to the 130th anniversary of the birth of Vernadsky), 5 kopecks 2002 and 2003, 2 rubles 2001 with the image of Yuri Gagarin (40 years of the first human flight into the space). These coins are quite rare and therefore have a special value for collectors.
As for the Soviet coins, almost all of them have no stamp. You can identify the mint by analyzing the coin itself in detail. Some features of the pattern of stamps allow you to determine the place of minting. The most obvious differences are in the letter designation on the coin.
History of the Moscow Mint (stamp M, MMD)
In Moscow, minting coins was carried out for several centuries, but the official date of foundation of the modern enterprise is 04/25/1942. In 1995, the mint became part of the state association Goznak. By state order, the manufacture of orders, medals and coins is carried out by the Moscow Mint. Moscow alsocarries out coinage for foreign orders and produces medals and badges for private orders. In addition, this mint issues investment and commemorative coins, coins from precious metals.
History of the St. Petersburg Mint (stamp L, S-P, SPMD)
The city in which the oldest operating mint in Russia is located is St. Petersburg. The Mint was founded in 1724 by Peter I. The Peter and Paul Fortress was chosen as the base. This enterprise is one of the largest mints in the world. Also, the building is a unique architectural monument and the oldest industrial enterprise in the city. The Mint is engaged in the manufacture of insignia, orders, medals, minting of commemorative and commemorative coins, including coins made of precious metals.