Table of contents:
- Historical Details
- New Numismatics
- Front sideregalia
- Crimean regalia
- Sevastopol coin
- Other commemorative coins of Crimea
For all residents of the Crimean peninsula, March 18, 2014 is a truly historic date. On this memorable day, a document was signed on the annexation of Crimea to the territory of Russia. On this occasion, the Central Bank of Russia decided to mint commemorative coins. Crimea and Sevastopol became the protagonists of these regalia, which saw the light of day on October 09, 2014.
The Republic of Crimea is part of the Crimean Federal District. It would not be entirely correct to say that Crimea, as part of Russia, began its existence in the spring of 2014, it would be more correct to say that it continued. On March 16, 2014, a nationwide referendum was held on the peninsula. The main discussion was the status of the peninsula - the question of whether Crimea should remain part of Ukraine or become part of Russia. The vast majority of the inhabitants of the peninsula, by free expression of will, wished to live and work as part of Russia.
The document on the accession of the Crimean peninsula to the territory of the Russian Federation was signed on March 18, 2014. A few days later(03/21/2014) the federal constitutional law was signed. The result of his actions was the entry of Crimea, already legally, into the Russian Federation. The Republic of Crimea and the city of federal significance Sevastopol - new subjects of the federation - began to exist as part of Russia.
As soon as this happened, the numismatic market reacted with the appearance of various souvenir sets containing coins dedicated to Crimea and reflecting ongoing events that were of great historical significance.
The initiative to mint commemorative coins about the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula to the Russian Federation came from Valentina Matvienko. Back in April 2014, the Central Bank announced its intention to mint new steel, brass-coated commemorative coins. Crimea and Sevastopol became the main characters on the banknotes, which already entered circulation on October 9, 2014 and were dedicated to this historical event - the reunification of Crimea with Russia.
For the manufacture of a set of coins, a yellow metal was used, which is not precious. The size of the coins (there are two of them: one is dedicated to the Crimea, the other to Sevastopol) is 2.2 centimeters in diameter. The nominal value of both one and the second coin is 10 rubles. Crimea and Sevastopol will be presented as images of local attractions. The Central Bank stated that both coins will be minted with a circulation of 10 million pieces each. They will be put into circulation in full during 2015.
The upper and lower parts of the coins are minted, respectively, "Bank of Russia" and "2014". Both one and the second coin (Crimea and Sevastopol) are decorated with laurel and oak branches on the left and right sides. The denomination is indicated in the center, which is indicated by the inscription "10 rubles" (the word is located under the number). A protective element is placed in the sign "0" of the denomination, which is the inscription "10" and "rub". It can be seen no matter what angle the image on the coin is viewed from. In addition to everything described above, below contains information about which mint was involved in minting money.
The architectural heritage of the peninsula - the Swallow's Nest castle contains a commemorative coin. The Crimea is represented on it with outlines set in a chiselled and slightly convex piping.
The Russian Federation is engraved at the top. The inscription at the bottom, which contains the coin - "Republic of Crimea". There was also a place on the reverse for a memorable date - “03/18/2014”.
On the sides of both coins there is intermittent corrugation: segments with a different number of reefs alternate.
The famous Sevastopol monument to the "Scuttled Ships" (not far from Primorsky Boulevard) against the background of the outlines of the Crimean Peninsula is minted on the reverse side of the commemorative coin. A small star indicates the location of Sevastopol itself. The inscriptions "Russian Federation" and "03/18/2014" are in the same place as the Crimean coin. Differenceonly at the bottom: instead of "Republic of Crimea" it says "Sevastopol".
The obverses of both coins are identical.
According to historians and numismatists, the coins issued to commemorate the reunification of Crimea with Russia are perhaps the most beautiful in existence.
Other commemorative coins of Crimea
Historical incident, but the fact remains - on March 17, the day when Crimea, following the results of the referendum, decided to secede from Ukraine, the republic was actually an independent state for one day. However, this fact was not forgotten. Evidence of this is the Moscow exhibition of numismatists "COIN-2014", where a set of coins of the Republic of Crimea, dated 03/17/2014, is offered for sale. The set includes coins of different denominations. Kopek coins have a value of 10 and 50 kopecks, ruble coins are minted in denominations of 1, 2 and 5 rubles. There is also a coin of 10 rubles. Crimea on all copies of the set is represented by the inscription "Republic of Crimea" and a griffin. This bird is the coat of arms of Crimea. The inscription is minted in the languages of Russians, Ukrainians and Tatars. In addition, the date 17 March 2014 is engraved on the obverse.
On the reverse of all coins - their denomination and objects of historical heritage that the indigenous inhabitants of the Crimean peninsula have been proud of since ancient times: the Genoese fortress located in Sudak, the fountain in Bakhchisarai, the Crimean deer and the Crimean pine, the dolphin and the ancient castle "Swallow's Nest" located in Y alta. The whole set is offered to customers in souvenir packaging. As an accompaniment, a reference sheet in English andRussian languages, which contains brief information about all the objects engraved on the coins.
According to numismatists, these coins are unlikely to ever become real money circulation. The place of this set is at exhibitions, auctions and in private collections of scientists and amateurs.
"Art-Grani" - a workshop of artistic weapons from Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk region - also made its own souvenir. They became a commemorative coin. Crimea (contours of the peninsula) is depicted on the reverse. Although it would be more accurate to say that on the reverse side there is an image of a globe with intersecting meridians and parallels. Against their background, the outlines of the Crimean peninsula are visible with the locations of 28 settlements marked. According to all the canons and rules of minting banknotes, on the obverse there is a bas-relief of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Masters of another workshop produced and offered to fans the collection "Crimea-2014", consisting of 25 coins (silver and gilded) of high-grade silver. Each coin weighs 1kg and is close to the size of an adult's palm.
For historians and numismatists all over the world, the most interesting historical book is a coin. Crimea and Sevastopol, the fact of their entry into the Russian Federation for decades, centuries and millennia, was reflected in commemorative coins.