Table of contents:
- What is the difference between rating and rank?
- Ratings in Russia
- International ranking
- How many ranks are there in Russian chess?
- How to get a chess rank?
- Chess schools and the role of the coach
- Receiving documents
Chess is the passion of millions of people. For some, they become a favorite hobby, and for some, the meaning of life and a source of income. There is a rather complex hierarchy of ratings and ranks, which makes it possible to objectively assess the general level of chess players' mastery and their current achievements. In Russia, ratings and categories in chess, youth and adults, are within the competence of the Russian Chess Federation. The international rating is compiled by FIDE in the form of a shortlist, in which the players of all countries are summarized and compared.
What is the difference between rating and rank?
The rank reflects a player's skill over a long period of time. Discharges in chess are assigned for several years, they must be constantly confirmed. Rating is a variable value, it shows the current achievements of a chess player, depends on the player's performance in tournaments and is calculated in points, the number of which changes after the competition.
Ratings in Russia
Any chess player who starts playing in official tournaments, regardless of their gender or age, is assigned an initial rating of 1000 points. The rating cannot be lower than a thousand points. He grows,if a player successfully performs in competitions, and decreases if a chess player is pursued by failures.
In 1970, FIDE adopted a new way of calculating the overall rating for all chess players using the method of Professor Arpad Elo. This calculation system contributed to the creation of an objective and visual hierarchy of players from different countries. The method is based on the mathematical assumption that the strength of any chess player is a probabilistic variable that follows a regular distribution.
Based on the current rating using the Elo method, you can mathematically predict the expected number of points that a chess player will score in the upcoming tournament against certain opponents. The player's rating rises if the actual number of points is higher than expected, and falls in the opposite case.
FIDE updates shortlists with player ratings six times a year and publishes them on its official website. If a chess player has not participated in any official competition during the year, then his rating is “frozen”, but not reset. The chess player is temporarily excluded from the shortlist. As soon as he begins to participate in tournaments, all "frozen" rating points are returned to him.
The values of the international rating can roughly be correlated with Russian titles and ranks in chess. So, a first-class player will have from 1800 to 1999 points according to the Elo method, a candidate master - from 2000 to 2199, a grandmaster - from 2500 to 2699, super grandmasters who really claim to win inWorld Championship - over 2700 points. In addition to points, FIDE awards players three honorary lifetime titles: master, international master and the highest - international grandmaster.
Among men, the highest rating - 2889 points - reached Magnus Karlrsen in 2014.
Women's palm - 2735 points in the summer of 2005 - Hungarian Judit Polgar.
How many ranks are there in Russian chess?
In Russia, two chess titles have been established, as well as four adult and three junior categories. The titles - master of sports and chess grandmaster - can be awarded to players from the age of 12 and 16, respectively, and are lifelong regalia that do not need to be confirmed.
Youth ranks were introduced to assess the skill of chess players under the age of 15 who study at a chess school or independently participate in tournaments. The now rarely used fourth adult category is conditionally equal to the first youthful one. The second and third junior ranks are assigned to weaker players.
Adult ranks - first, second, third, as well as a candidate master - are given for two years, they must be constantly confirmed. A chess player who is at least seven years old can receive ranks, but on common grounds with adults, that is, by fulfilling the necessary norms.
How to get a chess rank?
To fulfill the rank requirements, the player needs to score the standard number of points in the tournament with a certain coefficient. Competition coefficientdepends on the skill of the participants. In simpler terms, to get a rank in chess, you need to participate in tournaments more often and defeat worthy opponents, and it is better if they have an equal or higher rating/rank. The National Chess Federation has established the following rank standards:
• For the first junior rank, you need to score 60% of the maximum number of points in the tournament with the lowest odds - 5.
• To get 3, 2 and 1 ranks in chess, you need to score at least 75% of the maximum number of points in the competition with coefficients of 4, 3, 2 respectively.
• To become a Candidate Master, you must first get two candidate points, which are awarded for winning, or 75% of the points in a competition with a coefficient of 1, and then fulfill the established regional, republican or regional norm.
Within two years, a chess player must confirm his level in competitions, gaining at least 75% of the required level norm. For example, a CCM who has not fulfilled these conditions twice is reduced to the first category, but with the preservation of two candidate points. If he does not fulfill 75% of the first-class norm, then he is transferred to the first category. Chess players with the first, second and third rank in chess are moved down one rank if they failed to score the number of points determined by the norm in three tournaments in a row.
Chess schools and the role of the coach
Chess multifacetedly develops a person, especially a child. Withthe first acquaintance this game teaches young chess players independent logical and creative thinking. In chess schools, they not only teach the basics of the game, but also instill in children the most important social skills: communication skills, determination, discipline, and the ability to properly relate to victories and defeats. These skills help the child develop into a self-sufficient, whole person, and the game itself, as a rule, becomes a source of pleasure and joy for life.
However, professional growth requires a chess coach. The choice of school and teacher must be approached with special care. Now there are many offers on the Internet from chess players who promise to quickly and effectively improve the skills of a student of any level. But in fact, it often turns out that the main goal of these coaches is to get money as soon as possible. They do not have knowledge in pedagogy, experience and well-established teaching methods, therefore they are not able to give the ward fundamental knowledge.
The main task of a qualified chess coach is to instill in a child a true love for the game, an inquisitiveness for knowledge, a habit of everyday work, and a thirst for continuous improvement. These mental qualities become the key to high achievement. After all, there is no other way to success, except for painstaking work and thousands of games played and analyzed. The teacher will always provide moral support along the way, help solve a difficult problem and prepare for the tournament.
It is equally important for a novice chess player to be in a circle of like-minded people. Being engaged in a circle or school of chess, a young playeris constantly in an atmosphere of friendly competition, which accelerates its development. He has the ability to compete with stronger opponents, learns the taste of the first defeats and victories.
It is easiest to get documents on the assignment of a particular category if the child attends a chess school, the management of which usually decides on its own whether to fulfill the category norms and issue the corresponding document. In this case, the player needs only two photographs measuring three by four centimeters.
If a chess player practices independently and participates in tournaments on his own initiative, then he can obtain the necessary certificate of chess rank at the nearest physical culture and sports center. There is required to submit:
• an extract from the protocol or a copy of the protocol of the tournament with the signature of the chief referee of the competition, this paper will be the main evidence of the player's fulfillment of the required level norms;
• a copy of the certificate signed by the chief referee, which confirms the sufficient qualifications and composition of the panel of judges;
• passport data in the form of a photocopy of the second and third pages with the address of registration or birth certificate for a child under fourteen;
• Two photographs measuring three by four centimeters.