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How to teach a child to play chess? Pieces in chess. How to play chess: rules for kids
How to teach a child to play chess? Pieces in chess. How to play chess: rules for kids
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More than two thousand years ago, mankind invented the game of chess. In the Middle Ages, the ability to play belonged to the virtues of knights along with the skills to hunt and swordsmanship. Modern life is such that the idea of ​​personality development, the upbringing of the most important qualities in a child, is put in the first place. These problems can be solved by playing chess.

Oddly enough, this model game is able to instill character, the will to win and democracy in a child. The advantage of chess is that both completely he althy and disabled people can play it. In view of these factors, the question "How to teach a child to play chess?" becomes more relevant every day.

Where to start?

Learning to play chess must begin with instilling interest in the child. The whole further process depends on how successfully this can be done. Everyone knows that children love fairy tales, and learning to play should also be turned into a magical story. First you need to tell the child that there is a king with his army, and together they protect their land from attackenemy. It is necessary to interest the child, and with the help of a fairy tale, this will work out best.

how to teach a child to play chess

After that, you can tell that the world of chess is magical, so it is located on a special board. It is drawn in the form of black and white cells that follow each other. Then gradually explain how many cells are on the board, what they are for, their location, etc.

For the best effect, you can buy one of the books on chess and study it with your child. It must be remembered that you can not overwork the child, because in this case he will quickly get bored with the game. On the day of chess (initial stage) should be given no more than half an hour. You can teach a child to play chess from scratch, but for this you need to interest him.

Learning the names of chess pieces

After the child has understood the principle of the game board, it is necessary to move on to the next stage of learning. Pieces in chess are unique, and each of them has certain possibilities for a move. But before you figure it out, you need to study the names of the pieces and their location on the board. This stage is very important, there is no need to rush. Each chess piece must be spoken out loud several times and placed on the board.

learning to play chess

When the child learns the name of the shapes and their location, you can move on. The next step will be to study the rules of the move of each piece.

Rules of chess pieces. Pawn

Here you need to pay special attention,since the moves of the pieces are the most important stage in answering the question of how to teach a child to play chess. Many famous chess players are still arguing about which piece to start training with: a pawn or a king. Based on practical experience, it was found that it is more efficient to start the process with a pawn.

The move of a pawn is one of the simplest, but this piece is considered one of the most difficult. First you need to put one pawn on the board and show the child how it can move. We must not forget that a pawn, in addition to moving one cell forward, can also move two cells under certain circumstances (the first move). Next, you need to tell that a pawn can only attack obliquely, as well as about its magical transformation. If the pawn reaches the end of the board, it will transform into any other piece (except the king). Chess teachers recommend teaching children through rhymes.

pieces in chess

After the child has begun to play confidently with one pawn, slowly add two, three, etc. As a result, there will be eight pawns, and for children this is a large army with which to capture the enemy kingdom. It is necessary to teach the child to be more attentive during the game and not be distracted by the captured enemy pawns. Only after the child has learned to confidently play all the pawns, you can move on to other pieces.

Rules for the rest of the pieces

The pieces in chess are diverse, and the moves of each of them should be studied in a certain sequence. To get the greatest effect when answering the question of how to teach a childto play chess, you need to use the following order: rook, bishop, queen, knight. Here the principle “from easy to difficult” takes place. It is quite simple to explain the move of the rook to the child; children understand direct moves better. The most difficult piece is the knight.

chess section

Here you can not do without teaching aids and recommendations of experienced teachers. The chess section will be an excellent choice for parents if it is not possible to teach this child on their own. Next, you should go to the king and immediately explain that this is the most important and main figure. He cannot be shot down, but only captured. The king's move is not difficult, and children quickly memorize it. At this point, it should be said that the king cannot move under attack and cannot beat a piece that is protected.

What is checkmate?

After the child has memorized the names and moves of chess pieces, learning to play chess goes to a new level. Here it is necessary to explain to the child that these concepts are very important, and to tell their meaning. You need to teach how to escape from a check in various ways, as well as teach how to checkmate - the end result of the game.

teach a child to play chess from scratch

After that, the child gradually begins to understand the meaning of the mat and will try to deliver it. Usually the first checkmate of a child is placed with two rooks. When the child has already delved into the essence of the game, you can find out from him what are the strongest pieces on the chessboard and why. This move will give the desired effect, as the baby will consciously talk about it, knowing the pros and cons of each figure.

Castle

The final stage of answering the question of how to teach a child to play chess will be an explanation of the principle of castling. It is a double move that can only be done once per game. This move causes certain difficulties for children, since it can only be performed under certain conditions.

It is necessary to explain that only two pieces are involved in castling - the king and the rook. The purpose of the double move is to secure the main chess piece. Correct castling is very important. With it, the king can go once through one cell, thereby protecting himself from an opponent's attack.

The moral component of learning

Oddly enough, in the learning process, the behavioral factors of both the teacher and the student are very important. There are many ways to instill a love for chess in children. For example, write poems, fairy tales about them, sculpt figures. In the process of playing and having fun, children perceive information better and show the greatest interest.

how to play chess rules for kids

In the process of learning to play over the board, one should not forget about physical breaks. At least ten minutes per hour should be given to the child so that he is a little distracted and digests the information. It is necessary to teach the child not to scream, not to quarrel, but to treat the game more calmly. Chess is a slow game where each move must be carefully considered.

Summarizing all of the above, there are several conditions that will help explain how to play chess. Rules for kids:

  • paying for training a day is notmore than half an hour;
  • to teach a child perseverance and respect for an opponent;
  • explain that you can not scream, quarrel, swear because of the game;
  • learn through fairy tales and rhymes.

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