Table of contents:
- Three ways to form a braid with a crochet hook
- The easiest way to get a braided canvas
- Formation of a strand and weaving of a braid
- Crochet voluminous braids: patterns based on the shell pattern
- Classic crochet braids with diagrams and detailed descriptions
- How to knit a three-strand braid
- Preparatory work
- Getting Started
- What is "partial knitting"
- Second part of rapport
- Adaptation of the "braid" pattern crochet for knitting openwork fabrics
There are knitters who have the same skill in different techniques: they work with knitting needles, crochet, on a fork, on bobbins and can handle a dozen different devices. However, most prefer to reach heights in one direction.
Those girls and women who chose crocheting were the luckiest of all, because with this tool you can create almost any product. Designers offer a variety of patterns: from the classic "grandmother's square" to such delights as arana and crochet braids. The schemes may seem complicated, but this is only the first impression. In practice, they are quite easy to perform.
Three ways to form a braid with a crochet hook
Over the many centuries during which mankind has been knitting, a huge number of ornaments and patterns have been invented and improved. This article will talk about how to crochet braids. The diagrams and description will illustrate three options for creating them:
- Classic braid.
- A rope woven from fragments of an openwork fabric.
- A braid formed from "shells".
Each of these wayshas its own specifics and allows you to get a rather characteristic ornament.
It should be noted that the listed methods also differ in difficulty levels. That is, the craftswoman must compare the instructions with her capabilities before learning to crochet braids (the diagrams will help you navigate).
The easiest way to get a braided canvas
The first method is far from new, it has been successfully used for several decades. However, this fact does not detract from the merits of this simple development.
To crochet such braids, no patterns are required. One picture illustrating the three stages is enough here:
- Making a cross-slit web.
- Interlacing strands.
- Finished braid.
Making a slitted canvas is not difficult. It is necessary to calculate the width of the main section, as well as the number of single crochets (RLS) for each strand. The calculations will be correct only if the craftswoman completes the control sample in advance.
Next, you need to dial such a number of air loops (VP) that will form the entire part: a section of the fabric before the braid + the length of the strand + a fragment after the braid.
At the next step, the craftswoman should knit several rows with single crochets (4-6, depending on the thickness of the yarn).
Formation of a strand and weaving of a braid
To get a hole of the desired size, you should knit at the beginning of the row the amount of RLS that makes up the section of the fabric to the braid. Then dial as many VPs as allottedunder one strand, skip the same amount of RLS of the previous row and start working with the section of the fabric after the braid (knit RLS). In the next row, one sc should be connected from each VP. Thus, the desired hole will be obtained, and the number of RLS in the canvas will remain the same.
The described sequence must be continued until the planned part is ready.
The crochet braid pattern is that, using a large tool (for example, No. 6), the knitter grabs one strand and drags it under the other. In the resulting loop, she threads the next strand and so on until the end of the part.
You can use this technique literally everywhere: for making clothes, pillows, various covers and decorative crafts.
Crochet voluminous braids: patterns based on the shell pattern
This method is a little more complicated than the previous one, as it requires the craftswoman to be able to handle not only simple elements (VP and RLS), but also perform other techniques: double crochets (CCH) and half-columns (PLS). True, knitting a braid based on a shell pattern has one advantage - making the calculation of loops is much easier.
To form braids with a hook (the diagrams are offered below in the form of photographs), you need to dial such a number of VPs that will be the width of the part without any gaps and allowances.
The first row is knitted with double crochets. In the second, they start working on the pattern:
- Perform the section to the braid.
- Knit 12-16 VP (depending on the thicknessyarn).
- Form a loop by turning the fabric. The purpose of the turn is to make a “shell” in the same row and continue knitting the section after the braid.
- Knitting shells: RLS, PLS, 10-15 SSN (the number is selected taking into account the characteristics of the thread), PLS, RLS.
- Perform dc to end of row.
In the next row, the indicated sequence is repeated.
"Shells" should be located strictly above each other.
The finished canvas is completed by interlacing all the "shells" as shown in the figure, and getting a crochet "braid" pattern.
Aran schemes are convenient in that there is no risk of dropping a loop or skipping the weave, as happens when knitting. However, you must carefully ensure that all the "shells" are in place, otherwise the braid will not work.
If you wish, you can experiment with the direction of the braids.
The described pattern is great for knitting cardigans, hats, scarves and other warm items. The canvas turns out to be very voluminous and thick, which, of course, requires an additional amount of material. When buying yarn, you should take 30-40% more.
Classic crochet braids with diagrams and detailed descriptions
Crochet aran using this method relies on the familiar double crochet stitches, but they are voluminous.
To get a convex dc, you need to thread the hook not into the loop of the previous row, but directly under the dc. In this case, the tool is in front of the canvas. A recessed dc is obtained when the hook is wound behind the dc of the previous row (tool behind the canvas).
Understanding the principles of making embossed columns and their use makes it possible to knit different volumetric patterns.
Combining these techniques with partial knitting and allows you to form crochet braids (the diagrams demonstrate the described sequence). b
How to knit a three-strand braid
Looking at the picture below, you might not notice that the pattern is crocheted. These arans imitate the plaits made on knitting needles so accurately that they are suitable for even the most demanding knitters.
In the literature, such an ornament is often called a "crocheted braid with a shadow." The diagram gives an idea of how it is formed.
To work, you will need a medium thickness yarn, otherwise the tourniquet will be too rough. Considering the considerable volume of the braid, as well as the fact that crocheted fabrics always require more yarn than knitting needles. The average yarn consumption in this case should be multiplied by two.
Working with any braids, don't underestimatethe meaning of the preparatory stage. The calculation of the loops must be very careful, otherwise you may find that the part is much wider or narrower than required.
A control sample with a full-width oblique will show a clear picture and will not allow you to make mistakes. Its height must be at least 10 cm in order for measurements to be accurate. In addition, the finished sample must be washed and steamed so that the yarn shrinks (if it is peculiar to it).
The craftswoman should pay close attention to the formation of the first row: here you need to add columns for future braids. For two of the three strands, six to ten CCHs are added (305 for each). As a result of such an operation, the bottom edge of the part will remain even and will not look like ruffles.
The second row is knitted evenly, making sure that all new columns are knitted. In the front rows, those sections of the canvas that serve as a background are made with “recessed” relief columns (at work), and the braid strands and other decorative elements are convex (before work).
When the purl row is formed, the picture changes: the background is knitted with convex columns, and the braid is recessed.
What is "partial knitting"
Unlike plaiting, which is done on knitting needles, crochet braid cannot be done in one row. This is due to the fact that the fabric with knitting needles is more elastic, it can stretch and wrinkle. The crochet braid pattern (the diagrams confirm this) requires the use of a partial knitting technique:
- In the third row, formation beginsadditional canvases for weaving strands. When the section in front of the oblique is ready, the first row of the first strand is performed (in the diagram it consists of six CCHs).
- Then make three ch and turn knitting.
- Knit six dc again, do 3 ch lifts and turn the fabric.
- The last time six CCHs are knitted and the connecting posts are moved to the base of the strand.
- Knit six CCHs - the first row of the second strand. Then repeat the above algorithm.
The third strand is performed with convex CCH (in this section of the braid it consists of one row).
In the fourth (purl) row, you need to interweave those fragments that were connected in the third. This is done with the help of "drowned" relief columns: the strands are interchanged. 4th row knitting sequence:
- Plot to the spit.
- Third strand.
- First strand.
- Second strand.
- Section after the spit.
The process can be seen more clearly in the figure.
Second part of rapport
When the interlacing of the first two strands is ready, the braid should be completed. To cross the second and third strands, you need to repeat for them the algorithm that describes partial knitting. That is, the first part of the braid is knitted simply with convex embossed columns and consists of one row, and the second and third should be formed from three rows.
In the sixth row, the craftswoman must cross the protruding strands and knitthem accordingly.
Adaptation of the "braid" pattern crochet for knitting openwork fabrics
Knowing the principles and features of the formation of braids with a hook, a knitter can make even thin fabrics made of cotton or linen.
The figure below suggests interesting variations on the theme of the “crochet braid pattern”, diagrams and descriptions are given here.
The specificity of all three schemes is that instead of "recessed" embossed columns, a grid is used as a background. Grid cells are SSN and VP. The strands of braids consist of two embossed columns with two crochets. The light strands are those that should remain at work, and the dark ones are those that will be on the front side of the canvas.
Compared to the pattern that had to be knitted with partial knitting, these patterns are a bit simpler.
Craftswomen should perceive the proposed patterns as separate rapports. If you need to knit a wide canvas of several rapports, the strapping must be excluded from the scheme (5 VP and 3СН at the beginning and at the end).
Using these patterns, you can create almost any piece of clothing or decoration for the interior. The advantage of all braids (both those that are knitted and those that are crocheted) is that they give the fabrics thickness and rigidity. For this reason, braids are great for warm hats, classic scarves and snoods, cardigans and coats, and more.
Also, these patterns will be indispensable for craftswomen working on bedspreads, pillows,carpets and other interior items.