Table of contents:
- Types of downy shawls: Orenburg tenderness
- How to knit classic Voronezh shawls
- Voronezh goat down
- Scheme for knitting a downy scarf with knitting needles for beginners
- The Importance of Quality Material
- How to knit a scarf with knitting needles
- Scarf with a solid center part
- Formation of the border with knitting needles
- Shawl with openwork hem
- Final stage: wet heat treatment
Despite the abundance of various modern models, patterns and ornaments, the downy shawl enjoys consistently high popularity. The knitting pattern of such a product can be extremely simple or extremely complex. Designers create patterns for knitters of all skill levels. Therefore, you can find products connected only with front loops or, on the contrary, including a number of ornaments.
In general, knitting downy shawls with knitting needles, the schemes and descriptions of which are designed for beginners, is not difficult. It is only important to monitor the uniform density. More complex models require some experience, imagination and knowledge of geometry.
Types of downy shawls: Orenburg tenderness
The human need for warm clothes has led to the fact that he began to actively use the fur, wool and down of various animals. Along with fur wardrobe items, knitted items containing sheep wool, down of rabbits, goats and other artiodactyls are perfectly warm.
Today, two types of scarves are most popular:Orenburg and Voronezh. The first is a downy gossamer scarf. The knitting pattern of this accessory is usually openwork, and it is made from very thin fleecy threads (hence the name "spider line"). The finished product is extremely light in weight but has excellent warming properties.
For Orenburg shawls, craftswomen choose mohair or angora with a thread thickness of about 250 m/25 grams. In this case, the knitting needles are used quite thick: at least 4 mm.
How to knit classic Voronezh shawls
Traditionally, such accessories are given a rectangular shape. The center is knitted with some simple pattern
Craftswomen select any elemental pattern or even garter stitch to make the centerpiece, and then decorate the downy shawl. The knitting pattern can be quite openwork or relatively dense. Unlike Orenburg shawls, Voronezh shawls are heavier and more voluminous.
Voronezh goat down
For work, yarn from the softest goat hair is used. The region is proud of its achievements in the field of breeding a certain breed of animals, as well as technologies for processing down. The wool of such goats is light, soft, silky and long pile.
Masters say that the quality of down is revealed over time. The longer the product is worn, the softer and fluffier the down scarf becomes. The knitting pattern does not affect the "fluffiness", but the aesthetic appeal of the model depends on it.
Such shawls are not as openwork as Orenburg ones. They are knitted more tightly. In addition, during wear, the fluff fibers are distributed between the loops and fill the gaps, so that the fabric becomes even less transparent.
Scheme for knitting a downy scarf with knitting needles for beginners
For all craftswomen who have only recently mastered the basic knitting techniques, it is better to choose a simpler model to make a shawl, scarf or stole. By definition, shawls can be either rectangular or triangular.
As an example of a simple pattern, below is a drawing with a schematic representation of an elementary openwork. There is a very simple expansion principle here.
Using this ornament, the craftswoman can quickly create a downy scarf. The knitting pattern starts from the bottom.
The Importance of Quality Material
You can use absolutely any yarn: if you choose thin mohair, the product will turn out to be openwork and delicate.
When a craftswoman likes a shaggy thread, and she wants to get a denser product, then you should purchase the appropriate material. Low-quality yarn and materials that belong to the economy segment should be avoided. This is due to the fact that there are a lot of artificial additives in inexpensive yarn, and natural fibers are not processed properly. As a result, the product will be hard, pellets will quickly appear, and the overall appearance will not be neat enough. Finding yarn- This is the most important preparatory stage. The quality of the Orenburg or Voronezh downy shawl depends on its results. The knitting pattern and the pattern in this case are of secondary importance.
The following abbreviations will be used in the job description for convenience:
- front loop (Lit. P);
- purl loop (Pl. P);
- nakid (N);
- row (P).
How to knit a scarf with knitting needles
For the first P, cast on five stitches. Then you need to knit according to the above pattern, sequentially adding two loops in each Person. R.
How additions are made:
- At the beginning of R: remove the first P, make N, then knit according to the pattern.
- At the end of P: without finishing the last P, do N, and then perform Persons. P.
All P knit in pattern.
Reduction of loops (from two it turns out one) is indicated by a slash. To get a symmetrical pattern, you need to pay attention to which way the line is tilted. If to the right, then you need to perform the following actions:
- Shift the first st to the right needle.
- Knit the second P of Persons.
- Transfer the first P to the left needle and put on the second.
- Transfer the resulting P to the right needle.
In the case when the slash points to the left, you should simply knit two P together and get one Person. P.
In a normal (flat) canvas, the number of new elements is always equal to the number of reduced ones. Thus, the balance is maintained and the total number of Pin R.
But the triangular pattern is designed in such a way that the canvas gradually expands. This effect was achieved due to the fact that the balance between the addition and reduction of P.
The advantage of this pattern is its versatility: you can create a triangle of absolutely any size.
At the end of the work, you can knit a few R in garter stitch to form a neat edge.
Scarf with a solid center part
One of the easiest ways to knit a scarf or shawl is to form a dense center and openwork edges. The photo below shows just such a model.
For the central part, you can choose absolutely any pattern. If the craftswoman knows how the Persons are performed. P and Ex. P, then she will not need a pattern for knitting a downy scarf with garter stitch knitting needles. It is enough to type the required amount of P on the knitting needles and knit all the elements as facial loops. This applies to both Ex. R, and Persons. R. At the final stage, all Ps are not tightly closed.
Then, a separately knitted border is sewn to the finished canvas. More advanced and experienced knitters work the openwork edge at the same time knitting the central part.
Formation of the border with knitting needles
The most exciting thing is knitting downy shawls and shawls, the patterns of which allow you to create a beautiful, openwork edge with sharp teeth. Such products look especially gentle and airy. The figure below shows a pattern for knitting a border.
It is interesting that the calculations are given for the right and left sides of the canvas. How to use the chart:
- Cast on the following amount of P on the needles: 15 P for the border on the right, X P for the central part (each craftswoman must calculate this figure for her own product) and 15 P for the border on the left. Each P is knitted in this order: P border, then P of the central part, then P of the second part of the border.
- To add P on the right side of the border, you should remove the first P, knit two P from the second and then follow the pattern.
- Increasing the number of Ps on the left side of the border: two Ps are knitted from the penultimate P, then the last P.
When knitting this pattern, you do not need to follow the slope of the shortened loops (they are indicated by even triangles). The slanted lines show how many P and where to close.
By and large, any openwork ornament is suitable to make a downy shawl. The knitting pattern (border or even openwork) can be adapted for a shawl or scarf.
Main requirement: the presence of a large number of holes. Then the finished product will be airy and light.
Shawl with openwork hem
Another simple option for knitting a triangular shawl or scarf. The photo shows a product with a solid center part and a simple border.
The width of the border is 9 P at the narrowest point and 21 P at the widest.
Increments are done in two Ps along the open edge. The rapport (repeating part) ends with the closing of 12 P. Further, in the next rapport, the border canvas expands again by 12 P, which are subsequently reduced.
Thus, neat teeth are formed.
Final stage: wet heat treatment
Given the specific composition of mohair or angora yarn, it should be handled with extreme care. Do not use detergents with aggressive ingredients (chlorine), and do not try to iron the fabric.
In order for the knitted product to take the desired shape, and all the loops to line up and straighten out, the scarf should be washed in warm water (no higher than 30 degrees) with the addition of a mild detergent. You can use special mixtures for washing delicate items. For the first treatment, you can simply soak the handkerchief in fabric softener.
Then the product is gently wrung out (do not twist) and laid out to dry. The sharp teeth of the openwork border should be fixed with pins. In this case, after drying, the product will keep its shape.
In the event that it is not possible to fix the shape of the scarf in any way and it is constantly wrinkled during wear, light steam treatment is acceptable. In order not to spoil the villi of the mohair, the scarf should be laid out on a flat horizontal plane, pin all the protruding parts and cover with a damp loose cloth. Chintz or gauze in several layers will do. Then you can already steam the product from the iron or evenput the iron on the surface of the scarf. You should put it on for a split second, immediately removing it. Do not move the iron in any direction, otherwise the handkerchief will be deformed.
In order not to spoil all the work, it is better to experiment with a control sample.