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Author Danilevsky Grigory Petrovich: biography, list of books and reviews
Author Danilevsky Grigory Petrovich: biography, list of books and reviews
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Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky is a well-known domestic writer. Popularity came to him thanks to novels dedicated to Russian history of the XVIII-XIX centuries. Since 1881, as editor-in-chief, he headed the journal "Governmental Bulletin", had the rank of Privy Councilor.

A writer's family

Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky was born in 1829. He was born in the small village of Danilovka, located in the Izyum district of the Sloboda-Ukrainian province. Today it is the territory of the Kharkiv region.

The father of the hero of our article was a rich and we althy landowner. His name was Peter Ivanovich, he rose to the rank of lieutenant in the army, and then retired. He died in 1839 when his son was ten years old.

There was a family tradition in the Danilevsky family, which, however, was confirmed by quite official documents. It said that the founder of their family Danila Danilov in 1709 had the honor of receiving Emperor Peter I in his house. The ruler was just returning to Poltava from Azov.It was said that the sovereign liked Danilov, he quickly went up the career ladder.

It is noteworthy that in the family of Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky was another famous writer. His cousin Efrosinya Osipovna became Vladimir Mayakovsky's grandmother in the future.

Education

Biography of Danilevsky

Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky first studied at the noble institute in Moscow (until 1846), and then entered the university in St. Petersburg at the law department. His father always wanted him to get a solid profession that would bring a steady income.

There are a lot of interesting facts and curiosities in the biography of Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky. True, one of them almost ended in tragedy. In 1849, he was mistakenly arrested instead of Nikolai Yakovlevich Danilevsky and brought to justice in the case of Petrashevsky, who was a supporter of the revolutionary struggle, was going to train the masses for it. Petrashevsky and 20 other people, including Fyodor Dostoevsky, were sentenced to death, which was replaced at the last moment with indefinite hard labor.

The hero of our article was kept in solitary confinement in the Peter and Paul Fortress for several months. Only later the unfortunate mistake was sorted out and the student was released. Nikolai Yakovlevich Danilevsky, who was really connected with Petrashevsky, spent 100 days in prison, after which he was expelled from St. Petersburg.

Grigory Petrovich in 1850 receives a silver medal for the essay "On Pushkin and Krylov", university coursegraduated with a PhD in Law.

Serving in the ministry

The biography of Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky is detailed in this article. Immediately after university, he entered the service of the Ministry of Public Education. He worked as an official on special assignments, often went on business trips to remote southern monasteries to work in the archives.

In 1856, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich sent him, among other writers (Danilevsky's literary talent had already begun to be appreciated by that time), to study the outskirts of Russia. The hero of our article was given the task to describe the mouth of the Don and the coast of the Sea of ​​Azov.

Resign

Danilevsky retired quite early, in 1857. He decided to devote himself entirely to creativity, literature he loved so much. He settles in his own estate in the territory of Little Russia.

At the same time, he is active in social activities. In particular, he holds the post of deputy of the Kharkov Committee for the Improvement of the Life of Landlord Peasants. Later he becomes a member of the school council, a provincial vowel, eventually a member of the Kharkov provincial zemstvo council. He was also an honorary justice of the peace, the legal education he received and the respect he enjoyed among those around him played a role. Together with Zemstvo deputies, he repeatedly traveled to St. Petersburg to represent the interests of their province. In 1962, a monument was erected to him in his native village of Danilovka, as a token of gratitude for everything he did for his countrymen.

Work in the "Government Gazette"

In 1868 Danilevskyenters the attorneys at law from the Kharkov district, but soon leaves this occupation in order to fully concentrate on work in the Government Bulletin. At first he was an assistant to the editor-in-chief, and since 1881 he officially headed the publication. At the same time, he is a member of the Council of the Main Directorate for Press Affairs.

"Government Bulletin" - a daily newspaper that was published in St. Petersburg from 1869 to 1917. It was the official government publication under the Main Directorate for Press Affairs. The idea of ​​its foundation belongs to the Minister of Internal Affairs Alexander Timashev.

Danilevsky comes to the Government Gazette to help the editor-in-chief Vasily Grigoriev, who was Russia's chief censor for six years. After him, the publication was headed by Petr Kapnist, and then Sergey Sushkov.

Danilevsky worked as editor-in-chief until his death (until 1890), Sergey Tatishchev replaced him in this post.

Danilevsky died in St. Petersburg on December 6, 1890. For the last 26 years he has lived in the capital of the Russian Empire in an apartment building on Nevsky Prospekt. He was buried in his small homeland. Now his grave is located on the territory of the village of Prishib in the Kharkiv region.

Creative biography

Ukrainian antiquity

The biography of Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky is closely connected with books. He began his literary career by writing poetry when he was 17 years old. In 1849, in the "Library for Reading", the young author managed to publish a poem called "Gvaya-Llyr",which talked about Mexican life. She was warmly received by critics, after which Danilevsky became a staff member of Senkovsky's magazine, in which he made his debut.

In 1851, Danilevsky met his idol Nikolai Gogol. By that time, the 42-year-old writer had already published Dead Souls and many of his other famous works. Danilevsky at first imitated him in many ways. In his youth he wrote romantic works:

  • "Ukrainian fairy tales", which went through eight reprints,
  • cycle of poems "Crimean Poems".

Translated Shakespeare, Mickiewicz and Byron.

Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky is the author of ethnographic stories that tell about the life of the inhabitants of Little Russia. By 1854, he collected them into a book, which he published under the title "Slobozhane".

Runaway in Novorossiya

Runaways in Novorossiya

The hero of our article managed to attract attention in 1862. It was then that the novel by Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky "The Runaways in Novorossia" was published. The book appeared in print under the pseudonym A. Skavronsky.

The novel features an exciting story about former serfs who found a new life on the outskirts of Russia, in the uninhabited regions of the Sea of ​​Azov. Here they were able to get rid of slave labor.

The author describes entire villages inhabited by aliens, secret desert lands, wanted by the runaway old landowners, their owners. The novelist expands readers' understanding ofera of fortification. The book was written under the influence of the author's trip to the south of the country, organized by Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich.

After the first successful novel, the list of books by Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky has been replenished with new ones: "The Runaways Have Returned" and "New Places". After a break of 7 years, associated with employment in the Government Bulletin, the hero of our article writes the novel The Ninth Wave. In it, he criticizes the mores of Russian monasteries, based mainly on his own numerous trips. This book completes the so-called social everyday realism of Danilevsky.

Historical fiction

Roman Mirovich

At the next stage, Danilevsky turns to historical fiction. In 1878, the story "Potemkin on the Danube" was published, followed by the novels "Mirovich", "To India under Peter".

In 1883 "Princess Tarakanova" by Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky was published. This is a historical and at the same time a love story, which is dedicated to the fate of the imaginary daughter of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.

Princess Tarakanova

The hero of our article vividly and vividly describes the relationship between Princess Tarakanova and Hetman Oginsky, who swore love and fidelity to her. The whole life of the main character consisted of romantic relationships and cruel disappointments. In the novel, she enters into a relationship with the German ruler Prince Limburg and the most dangerous Don Juan of the 18th century in Russia, Alexei Orlov. Everyone around actually bring her insacrifice, but her love and passion cannot perish. Danilevsky leads the reader to this conclusion.

Burned Moscow

In 1886 Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky wrote the novel "Burned Moscow". The book is dedicated to the events of the Patriotic War of 1812. At the same time, one of the main storylines is the love relationship between Basil Perovsky and Aurora, their dreams of a happy family life are destroyed by the invasion of Napoleon.

On the pages of the novel you can find detailed descriptions of representatives of noble families and people from the people who are fighting to the death with the enemy. When Basile is captured, Aurora joins the partisans to prepare an assassination attempt on Napoleon.

In 1888, the novel "Black Year", dedicated to the uprising of Yemelyan Pugachev, was published.

Russian Dumas

Danilevsky's novels

Books by Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky are highly valued. He even competes for the unofficial title of "Russian Dumas" with Mordovtsev, Count Salias and Solovyov. In 1866, his book of biographical and historical essays "Ukrainian antiquity" was published. For her, the author receives the Uvarov Prize.

Since 1876, the complete works of Danilevsky have gone through seven editions. True, it must be admitted that each time it was printed in small print runs.

Creativity scores

In reviews of the author, Grigory Petrovich Danilevsky, critics and modern researchers have always noted that his high position did not weaken his passion for literature, often she had a brightpronounced liberal coloration. For example, in the 1870s and 1880s, Danilevsky published exclusively in Russian Thought and Vestnik Evropy. And in the bibliographic department of the Government Bulletin he headed, one could often find positive reviews of works that were criticized in the conservative camp.

A novel about Ivan Antonovich

The most popular of his works was a novel about Mirovich, which had the working title "The Royal Prisoner". In it, for the first time, the circumstances of the death of the great-grandson of Ivan V, Emperor John Antonovich, who ruled from October 1740 to November 1741, were revealed to the general public. He reigned purely formally under the regency of Biron, and then his mother Anna Leopoldovna. He was less than a year old when he officially ascended the throne.

Then the baby emperor was overthrown by Peter's daughter Elizabeth, he spent almost his entire life in solitary confinement, and at the age of 23 he was killed during another attempt to free him, by that time Catherine II ruled the country. Before Danilevsky, this information was classified, he was the first to make it public. Censorship banned the book for 4 years, but when it did come out, it became a real sensation.

Danilevsky's contemporaries claim that his books, first of all, were popular with an undemanding public. There are fantastic works in the work of the hero of our article. Imitating Jules Verne, he writes the story "Life in a hundred years", in which he describes the world in 1968 withcentralized water supply, electricity and heating. Performances are broadcast over the phone, an artificial sea has appeared on the site of the Sahara, and an underground railway has been launched between France and England.

Private life

Danilevsky was married to Yulia Zamyatina, the daughter of the owner of the estate located next door. They married in 1857.

They had a daughter, Alexandra, who in 1904 went to Spain to treat her lungs and married officer Rodriguez there. During the Civil War, she became closely acquainted with the Soviet poet Mikhail Koltsov. Danilevsky's granddaughters Elena and Yulia worked in the trade mission of the Soviet Union.

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