- Historical information about the Republic of Kazakhstan
- Kazakhstan today
- Currency of the country
- Commemorative coins of Kazakhstan
Few people know that you can study the history of a state with money. The ruling power issues commemorative coins, and in Kazakhstan. President Nursultan Nazarbayev develops the republic and writes the history of the state. In the article you will find out what money of Kazakhstan is considered memorable.
Historical information about the Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan ranks ninth in the world with an area of almost 3 million square kilometers. The Republic of Kazakhstan is the economically dominant country in Central Asia, generating 60% of the region's GDP primarily from its oil and gas industry. The state has huge mineral resources and has access to the Caspian Sea.
The Republic borders on Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The relief of Kazakhstan is diverse: there are plains and steppes, harsh taiga, mountain canyons and snow-capped mountains, as well as deserts. Kazakhstan has a population of about 18 million, according to 2014 data. Given the large area of the Kazakh state, the population density in the republic is one of the lowest,approximately 5 people per square kilometer of land. Now the capital is Astana, it was moved in 1997 from the city of Alma-Ata (the largest city in the country).
The territory of Kazakhstan used to be inhabited by tribes of nomads. This changed in the 13th century when Genghis Khan incorporated the country into the Mongol Empire. After an internal struggle between the conquerors, the nomads finally returned to power. The Russian Empire began to move towards the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century and nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan by the middle of the 19th century. After the revolution of 1917 and the subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was transformed several times. In 1991, the Kazakh SSR broke away from the Soviet Union and became an independent and independent republic.
Since independence, Kazakhstan (1991) has been ruled by President Nursultan Nazarbayev. According to official data, Kazakhstan is a democratic presidential republic. According to the election results, more than 90% of voters vote for Nazarbayev.
Currency of the country
Kazakhstan has introduced a currency - tenge. One tenge contains 100 tiyn.
In November 1993, the Decree of the President "On the introduction of the national currency of Kazakhstan" was issued, as a result of which the tenge was introduced to replace the Soviet ruble. One tenge was equal to 500 rubles. In 1991, a group of talented designers was assembled: Mendybay Alin, Timur Suleimenov, Asimsalai Duzhelkhanov and Khairulla Gabzhallilov. Thus, on November 15, Kazakhs celebrate the Day of the currency of Kazakhstan. By 1995 inRepublic opened a printing house. The first batch of Kazakh tenge was printed not at home, but abroad, in England. This is how the first coins of Kazakhstan appeared. An image of the currency can be seen below.
Commemorative coins of Kazakhstan
Special money is issued in denominations of 20, 100, 1000, 5000, 10000 tenge. Silver and gold exist in denominations from 1 to 100 tenge. Many of the 20 and 50 tenge jubilee years are made of cupronickel.
In 2016, on July 29, the Kazakh National Bank issued a new special coin of gold and silver in denominations of 500 tenge and 100 tenge of nickel silver. The issued coins are part of a series dedicated to Abulkhair Khan.
These Kazakhstani coins are shown in the photo below.
All of them have front and back sides, a portrait of the khan is poured on gold in silver.
The national coat of arms is presented on the front side, coins of denomination of 500 are made of gold and silver, and 100 tenge are made of cupronickel. National ornaments are presented to the left and right of the number, the words "Republic of Kazakhstan" are written in Kazakh and Russian around the circumference. The bank logo is located on the top of the coin.
The reverse side features a portrait of Abulkhair Khan intended for the 50 tenge banknote issued in 1993. The name of the ruler, the year of the coin and some graphic elements are arranged around the circle.
500 and 100 tenge commemorative coins of Kazakhstan can be used as regular currency throughout the country.
In 2016, the Mint of the Republic plans to release more than 15 commemorative copies.
Main unusual coins of Kazakhstan (list):
- Abulkhair Khan;
- Korean fairy tale;
- Year of the Rooster;
- 25 years of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
- EXPO-2017 exhibition;
- 40 days baby.
Not all of them are listed here, in fact there are many more.