Chess pieces - the philosophy of victory
Chess pieces - the philosophy of victory

Those who are interested in this ancient and most useful intellectual game, first of all, should get acquainted with the main characters of any party. So, let me introduce you to chess pieces! There are six different types in total. Each of the two opponents has one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns. The player can play with either white or black pieces, with white initially having some advantage. In principle, the names of the chess pieces speak for themselves, and one can use them to navigate their comparative value, but it still makes sense to consider each piece separately.


His August Majesty is King

Finding it on the board is very easy: for White it is in the middle of the first row, and for Black it is in the last row and resembles a man with a crown in the form of a cross or spade. This is the tallest and most prominent figure. At the beginning of the game, when the chess pieces are just beginning to develop, he representsis a pitiful sight: he is attacked, they try to checkmate, and because of his weakness he is forced to attract a rook for defense (castling) and observe the course of battles from a distance. But if the number of both armies has noticeably decreased, the King (King) turns into a formidable figure, which often decides the course of the battle.

Gray cardinal - queen

Stands next to the king and wears a round cap on his head, and on a demonstration board - a beautiful five-pronged crown. In Europe, this chess piece is usually called the queen (Queen), but we have more accustomed to the Indian name. Feryaz, or vizier, - this is how the first adviser to the king and chief military leader was called in this distant country. In the game, this is the strongest character, and other chess pieces are noticeably inferior to him in maneuverability and attack power. With himself, he can replace a whole detachment of nine pawns.

names of chess pieces

Impregnable Fortress - Rook

Sometimes it is called Tura, which means tower. So in France and some other countries they called fortresses capable of moving on land. Chess pieces sailed on ships from India to Russia for so long that this piece turned from an impregnable tower into a rook. This is how our ancestors called large boats in the old days. In terms of value, the Rook replaces five pawns and feels great if it is at the beginning of open files. Each army has two such chess pieces, and they are located at the corners of the board.

Elephant or officer

Do not look for a figure with a trunk on the field, it is not there! True, in the old daysthe chess elephant (Bishop) really looked like a real elephant, but now such pieces can only be found at an exhibition in the Hermitage. Each player has two of them, and they are located on the sides of the king and queen. Moreover, one bishop moves only on white, and the second - only on black cells. Such is the division of functions. In terms of strength, this piece is equal to three pawns.

Horse or rider

In the West, this figure is called Knight, which can be translated as "knight". Maybe the rider was too heavy, or maybe too clumsy. One way or another, the proud horse decided to get rid of him and is now doing just fine on his own. And sometimes he jumps so gracefully that the enemy only grabs his head and does not know what to do with him! In terms of its strength, the knight, like the bishop, is also equal to three pawns, and the players have two such chess pieces. It is located near the boat and looks like a horse's head.

Pawn or infantryman

The smallest warrior in a round helmet. Unlike other pieces, they only advance or hold the defense, they are not allowed to retreat. Opponents have 8 of them, and this formidable detachment, lined up in a chain, can deliver a fair amount of trouble to the enemy army. Pawns are weak and often die, faithfully following the orders of their king. But if, despite all the obstacles, this piece still manages to get to the last rank, it is immediately promoted in rank, and it can turn into a queen. Therefore, the further the infantry advanced, the stronger it is.

arrangement of chess pieces

Fischer Chess, orchess-960

Don't be surprised by the fact that the arrangement of chess pieces may differ from the standard. The reason for this is the invention of Robert Fischer, the eleventh world champion in this game. Since 1996, this kind of chess has slowly gained popularity and a considerable number of fans. In it, the pieces are randomly placed before the start of the game, taking into account some small restrictions. The rules of Fischer's chess are the same as the traditional ones, and in total there can be 960 initial starting positions. Elephants of the opponents here are necessarily of different sexes, and each army lines up symmetrically. That, perhaps, is all that we wanted to tell about the figures in this wonderful board game.

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