- What is the Mint?
- Mints, their marks
- Moscow Mint, photos, samples
- The history of the appearance of the first Moscow Mint
- Modern products of the Moscow Mint
- Valuable coins of the Moscow Court
Many of the collectors wish to acquire in their collections rare copies of commemorative coins, badges, medals, various signs, jewelry, issued by famous mints. The Moscow Mint produces a wide variety of unique items of this kind.
What is the Mint?
An enterprise that produces and issues coins of various denominations by order of the State Bank is called the Mint. In addition, the company is engaged in the production of medals, orders and other numerous insignia.
The existence of an organization of such importance is a must in any country. Such enterprises have the highest level of secrecy.
The Moscow Mint produces the bulk of such products in Russia.
Mints, their marks
The marks of each mint are letters or marks in the form of crosses, stars, dots, etc., applied to the coins by the company that minted them.
In the entire history of the existence of such establishments, only in Russia there were many of them. Consider some of them with samples of their signs (if any).
The Red Court was located in Moscow (1697-1797). Its designations are KD, MM, BK, MMD. He minted gold, silver, copper and special edition coins.
Kadashevsky (Moscow) mint operated in 1701-1736. Its signs are MD, MM, M, MMMDD, MDZ, MDD. It minted gold, silver and copper coins of various denominations.
Tverskoy produced silver ingots, hryvnias and copper pools. Its signs are not known. The most active work in it was carried out from the end of the 15th century to the 1st half of the 16th century under Ivan the Terrible.
The new Moscow Mint was located right in the center of the capital - on Red Square. There were no signs on the coins of this manufacturer either. The yard worked from 1700 to 1718. They were engaged in chasing a penny of a pre-reform sample on it. In connection with the termination of the issue of this denomination, the enterprise was closed.
Moscow Mint, photos, samples
Founded in 1942, April 25, by order of the People's Commissariat of the Union (USSR).
Initially (1942-1945) products were not only coins and orders, but also medals. In the future, its range has increased.
Today, the Moscow Mint, in addition to all of the above, also mints a variety of tokens, badges, coins of various denominations and signs of other foreign countries. He also releasescertain exclusive jewelry products.
Since 1995, the Moscow Mint has been part of the Goznak association.
The history of the appearance of the first Moscow Mint
It is believed that in the Russian state the oldest mint is Moscow. It appeared back in the time of Prince D. Donskoy. No written confirmation of this fact has been preserved.
The only confirmation is the analysis of the features of the coins of the times of 1362-1389. They are distinguished by the high quality of the stamps, the similarity of all the banknotes issued at that time in Moscow, the presence of technological links in the coinage, the literacy of the inscriptions on the coins and a number of other features characteristic of the signs minted in the same yard.
And according to the surviving written evidence, the first courtyard opened in 1534, during the reign of John III. It was thanks to him that Moscow became the leader in the production of change pieces.
Modern products of the Moscow Mint
Coins of the Moscow Mint are its main product. Over the entire existence of this enterprise, more than 70 billion of them have been manufactured. And this is not the limit.
Today, badges and medals have been supplemented with badges.
In 1999, the production of gold cases for wristwatches (men's and women's) was resumed. Watches are assembled on the basis of the best movements in Switzerland. The Moscow Mint is also famous for its fine jewelry.(bracelets).
There is a huge variety of materials from which its products are made: silver, gold, palladium, platinum, as well as various alloys of copper, nickel, steel and many other metals. The most famous coin in the world is the Olympic ruble of the Moscow Mint. Its release was timed to coincide with the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow.
Famous, popular, commemorative coins of the court reflect the most significant historical events of the country and are a collector's item for numerous numismatists and ordinary collectors.
Valuable coins of the Moscow Court
Valuable coins are not necessarily products made of precious metals or from ancient eras. They can be successfully found among the ordinary ones in circulation.
In 1997, the Moscow Mint minted 1-ruble coins. A huge number of them were released. However, some of them have their own peculiarity - the presence of a wide edging. Moreover, the number of such coins is not very large, the exact number is not known. In this regard, they are in demand and valuable to numismatists.
It is not difficult to distinguish such coins (with a wide edging). On the obverse of the coin, in the upper right quarter of the circle, there is an ornament in the form of vegetation. For an ordinary ruble of the same year of issue, the “curl” of the pattern is completely visible, while for rare coins, part of this curl is not visible, it is under the edging.
Professionals who know everything about coins, their value and uniqueness, offerpay attention to 1 ruble produced in 1997, 1998, 2003 of the Moscow Court (MMD) and issued in 2005 (SPMD) due to the rarity of the details of the stamp pattern.