- What are stained glass windows
- Stencil is the basis of any stained glass window
- Tiffany Technology
- False stained glass windows
- Liquid patterns
- Stained glass on crockery and small household items
- Pros and cons of each type of stained glass
- Mirror as background for film
- Bulk mirror stained glass
- Small decorative accents
- Workshop equipment
- Stained glass as a form of income
- Ideas for motifs
- Winter stained glass windows
Stained-glass windows look beautiful, rich and unusual. That's just for some reason, many are accustomed to associate them with some kind of religious buildings or luxurious palaces. In fact, today a stained-glass window can be in an ordinary apartment. There are several technologies for their manufacture. They differ only in price, quality and operating conditions of the finished product, but not in its decorative characteristics.
In addition, today you can create a stained glass window with your own hands at home. To do this, in specialized stores you can find enough consumables. The main thing is to master the technique of working with them, which we will try to understand in the article.
What are stained glass windows
People are accustomed to thinking that it is not realistic to create stained-glass windows with their own hands. Of course, you can hardly collect the huge canvases that are found in the best cathedrals in the world in your pantry, but fill in the window opening in the apartmentsuch a miracle is quite within the power of any home master.
Stained-glass windows are divided into several types:
- Tiffany technology;
The first ones have the most difficult technique, because it involves many processes and fine work with real glass. The simplest ones are painted, but on the condition that you know how to hold a brush in your hands at least a little.
Stencil is the basis of any stained glass window
To create a stained glass window on glass with your own hands, a stencil is simply necessary. This is its basis and organizing part. Stencils are made on thick paper and in full size. This allows you to cut out the future stained-glass window in accordance with the plan and along exactly the planned lines. Drawing a picture on glass is much more difficult.
The stencil is placed under the glass with the markup up so that it can be traced or cut into the components of the future work of art. That's why it must be a life-size item.
Once upon a time, such schemes were made by hand, which significantly slowed down the creation of a stained-glass window, and required certain drawing skills from the master. Now it is enough to use a graphic computer program that will not only turn any image into a diagram, but also translate it into vector graphics, which allows you to stretch the picture to any size without losing quality.
This is perhaps the most difficult way to create such a decor. For work are used: thin colored glass (3-4 mm),copper tape, soldering iron and solder, patination solution. The difficulty lies in learning how to properly cut glass plates along curved lines. Masters recommend to draw once along the intended line with a glass cutter. It should make a characteristic crunch. After that, from one edge to the other, it is necessary to tap this incision so that a crack passes exactly along it. And at the final stage, with a simple lever movement, a piece of glass breaks off. Provided that the whole process is carried out correctly, the glass breaks off exactly along the line that was marked by the glass cutter. If this skill is mastered, you can easily create Tiffany openwork stained glass windows with your own hands.
All stages of work look like this:
- A stencil with glass colors marked on it must be placed on the light table.
- We take a decorative plate of the desired color and cut out an element from it using a stencil. At this point, it is important to accurately draw a line with a glass cutter so that the glass bursts and breaks off exactly where it was intended. Otherwise, the stained glass will not assemble.
- Cut the required number of pieces and assemble a complete pattern on the stencil. We check again that all the parts fit snugly together.
- We continue to make a stained glass window with our own hands by wrapping each piece of glass with copper tape. It is very important to place the blank on it strictly in the center, so that later you can make sides from the protruding edges.
- It's time to reassemble the drawing and turn on the soldering iron. While it is heating, all seams must be carefully processed with soldering flux so that theysolder held securely.
- With tin, using a soldering iron, we fasten all the parts together with dots. Only after that you can start creating volumetric tin lines.
- Don't forget about the reverse side of the stained glass. But here the layer of solder can be put much thinner.
- The last step will be patination. This effect is created using a solution of copper sulphate, which, interacting with tin, blackens it, creating a protective and decorative layer of patina.
Here's how to make a stained glass window with your own hands. At first glance, everything may seem quite complicated, but do not forget that everything needs practice. Start with small pictures with few small details. Over time, you will learn to make more technically complex pieces.
False stained glass windows
Tiffany's technology is considered authentic for creating glass paintings. But craftsmen have developed several new techniques for decorating window openings. Film stained-glass windows are most similar to the previous technique. Making them with your own hands is even easier.
Here, instead of fragile thin glass, a translucent and transparent self-adhesive film is used. But working with it is like working with real glass.
The stencil is placed on the luminous table and pressed with the working glass. It is he who needs to be pasted over with pieces of colored film.
According to the stencil with a sharp clerical knife, cut out the necessary pieces-blanks. Then, when the whole drawing is worked out, they are glued to the previously cleaned and degreasedglass.
If all the work is done correctly, then there should be no gaps between the pieces of film. But even if they remain, the main thing is that they be small, because this is not the end of the work.
In the arsenal of film stained glass masters there are special metallized adhesive tapes that perfectly imitate real solder. Pieces of this tape must be glued so that they are as similar as possible to soldering. Do this procedure on both sides of the glass.
It is much easier to make similar stained-glass windows on glass with your own hands, but there are some nuances here too. The main thing is not to leave bubbles between the film and the glass. This will completely kill the decorative value of the product. Secondly, the film is sold in relatively large pieces, and a beautiful stained-glass window requires a considerable amount of flowers. Therefore, such a product can be expensive. But if you need to create something more than pictures of 15 by 20 cm, then it makes sense to start working with films and glass.
There is another option - to make a stained-glass window with your own hands. What is this technique? It is a bit similar to film in that the work is done on a single sheet of blank glass. Only patterns are created not by films, but by liquid components.
We thoroughly clean the glass, remove grease and dust. We put a sketch of the finished product under it. First you need to take the contour paint and draw all the lines that are on the stencil. This contour will create a kind of rim for liquid components. The elements of self-leveling stained-glass windows can be purchased atspeci alty store or on the Internet at sites for needlework.
Let's figure it out further how to make stained glass windows with our own hands. When the contours are completely dry, proceed directly to the fill. It must be done carefully so that the polymers do not spill into the wrong cells. You need to pour them a little so that they cover the glass with a thin layer. To distribute the paint evenly, you can use a brush or a sharp stick.
When all the cells are filled, you need to leave the stained-glass window for 24 hours so that it dries completely. At this time, it is important to protect it from dust, moisture and other mechanical contaminants.
Now you know how to make stained-glass windows on glass with your own hands using different techniques. But that's not all of them.
Stained glass on crockery and small household items
It happens that you really want a stained-glass chandelier or a cup, and you will have to master such difficult moments in the Tiffany technique for more than one year. What to do in this case? Make a stained glass window with your own hands at home with paints. Thematic stores sell special paints on glass with a stained glass effect. They are durable, transparent and quite bright. Separately, there are special contours that help simulate the welds of glass pieces.
Working in this technique is not difficult. Again, we need a stencil and a few hours of free time. The paper blank must be pressed tightly on the inside of the dishes on which the painting will be done. For these purposes, you can use adhesive tape.
Then draw all the lines with contour paint. We try to doeverything is as neat as possible so that later you do not have to correct the work. When the contour dries, we take a brush and stained glass paints and remember our childhood, when it was necessary to paint a picture on empty blanks. We let the paint dry, and we get original stained glass interior and household items.
These are all the basic techniques for creating stained glass windows with your own hands. Of course, we do not write off ready-made store stickers with patterns. But it is more rational to use them not as a finished product, but as a material for an affordable analog of a film stained-glass window. The main thing is not to limit yourself to fantasy, if you really want to create a stained glass window with your own hands at home.
Pros and cons of each type of stained glass
The most expensive and at the same time rich looking will be stained glass Tiffany. Framed in dark metal, this colored glass simply sparkles and casts sunbeams or whimsical shadows in both daylight and artificial light. It is not so easy to create such a masterpiece of a large area, so it is often used as a small element in the interior or exterior. In addition, the glass in this stained-glass window is quite thin, which does not add much strength to it. But it is quite resistant to all atmospheric changes.
Film stained-glass windows are best used indoors. The polymers from which the films are made do not really like changes in temperature and humidity. Yes, and direct sunlight is fatal for them. Therefore, if you decide to put them in a window opening, then try to do it insiderooms and not in the south room.
If you figured out how to make a stained-glass window with your own hands at home, and successfully completed this task, then the film elements will perfectly complement the windows in the doors, interior partitions, furniture facades and wardrobes. Even in the nursery, in the kitchen and in the bathroom, you can find a use for them.
Moist stained glass is also quite versatile. They can occupy large areas, and just a corner on the mirror or in the window opening. After the polymers harden, bulk stained-glass windows are not afraid of practically any influences, except for atmospheric ones, from which they can crack and crumble.
But just stained glass paints are more capricious. They like to decorate dishes with them, but after that it should be used to a minimum, because the paint begins to crack and peel off from frequent washing. But among the advantages of this technique, it is worth highlighting the fact that it certainly does not limit the master in decorating uneven surfaces, such as a lamp shade. After all, Tiffany stained-glass windows require the highest level of skill for this, the film must be skillfully cut so that there are no folds and bubbles on it, and the bulk stained-glass window will drain completely.
Mirror as background for film
A rather interesting option for decorating a room is stained-glass windows on a mirror. Consider how to create them correctly in order to get only pleasure, and not disappointment in your abilities.
To create a stained-glass window on a mirror with your own hands, you need to choose a suitable stencil. Now we are going to talk about thisa product in which the entire plane of the mirror is closed. Therefore, the drawing should not be small.
If we use stained glass films as a decorative material, then we will need more of the same dimensions as the mirror, a sheet of glass. It will help cut decorative materials for further work.
Now that all the pieces are cut out, we continue to figure out how to make a stained glass window with our own hands on a mirror, because it is much more difficult to transfer a drawing to it. Collect all the details on a sheet of glass using a stencil and transfer them to the mirror, but do not glue them yet to make sure that your actions are correct and try everything on again.
When everything is adjusted to the intended pattern, you can begin to work, as in the manufacture of a conventional film stained glass window, with the only difference that we do not glue the reverse side of the product with decorative tape.
Bulk mirror stained glass
The same element of decor can be created with the help of bulk technology. But here it will be a little more difficult to transfer the drawing. But we will help you deal with this as well.
To leave a drawing on a mirror surface, you must first take into account that it will be mirrored using the technology that we will describe below. Therefore, immediately mirror it before starting work.
So, for work we need a permanent marker, a stencil, a ballpoint pen and a thick film like a stationery file. Transfer the drawing to it using a permanent marker. Then we turn over our impromptu "carbon paper" with inscriptions to the glass, fix it firmly and circle everythingcontours again, but with a ballpoint pen or any other sharp, but relatively soft object.
Next, you can start creating mirror stained-glass windows with your own hands using the technology described earlier.
Small decorative accents
So we figured out how to make a stained glass window on glass with our own hands. And it does not have to be huge canvases that cover the entire plane of panoramic windows. Stained glass accents can be made small. For example, decorate one corner of the kitchen window with flowers to match the overall interior design. Not only will this not make the whole design heavier, but it will also make it more sophisticated.
Stained glass frames and corners on mirrors look great, whether in the living room, bedroom or bathroom. To complement them with any thematic drawings on glass is to add a little zest to the overall interior.
Quite often film stained-glass windows are used on the facades of wardrobes. These are huge, usually mirrored, sliding doors that feature entire paintings, depending on the style of the entire room they are in.
Now you figured out how to make a stained glass window with your own hands at home. But to work on a permanent basis, it is necessary to equip a convenient workshop. First you need a light table. It can be created from an ordinary glass top covered with a matte film and illuminated from below.
Because you will be working with glass, it is important to ensure that it is properly stored. And since it is mostly in a vertical position, you need toprepare proper and comfortable holders for it.
You also need different shelves for storing materials, consumables, tools and stencils. The better the workshop space is organized, the faster and more efficiently the work will go.
If you plan to work with self-leveling stained-glass windows, it is very important to provide them with ideal conditions when they dry. Therefore, it makes sense to think about some kind of protective caps or a sealed cabinet where dust will not seep in.
And most importantly - you should never neglect the safety rules. Since working with glass is associated with a risk of injury, it is necessary to cut it in protective gloves. Work with all reagents should also be done with gloves, and when using a soldering iron, you must remember the fire safety rules.
Stained glass as a form of income
If you once made stained glass windows with your own hands, and you liked this work, you can turn this activity into a great business. To do this, it is enough to invest in the necessary materials and make a full-fledged workshop. After that, you can start "hunting for a client".
Just find someone in your city who makes bespoke furniture and installs windows. Contact them and offer your stained glass services. Of course, these people will sell your product to the end consumer as intermediaries, making their mark on this. But at this stage, the main thing is to start making money on your favorite hobby.
Next you canindependently place a few advertisements in the local press, on the Internet, on bulletin boards in the most crowded places. This will also bring you a buyer, because stained-glass windows are becoming quite a popular decor element today, not only in luxurious mansions, but also in ordinary apartments. The main thing is to offer people an affordable product.
Ideas for motifs
How to choose a picture that will decorate your home. View photos of stained glass windows in this article, you can easily create many of these examples with your own hands.
Inspire the creation of stained-glass windows can be any floral motifs, ornaments. With animals and people, the situation is more complicated, because it is necessary to correctly highlight the accent lines so that in the end it turns out exactly what was originally planned and did not have to sign under the stained glass window that it depicts a bear, not a squirrel.
But the easiest option for creating stencils at the initial stage of creativity, in addition to using ready-made ones, is geometric patterns. You can even draw them yourself without using a printer. And not always such patterns are simple, as it seems at first glance. Many of them can be as fantasy and voluminous as possible by using the right shades in the composition.
By the way, the harmony of colors and shades is an important point. Any stained glass is a picture on glass, which should have some kind of artistic purpose. If at first you can’t choose the colors correctly, use the transcripts on ready-made schemes, which are available in abundance on the Internet forsales.
Winter stained glass windows
Few of you have thought, but many have already made a primitive stained-glass window on the window with their own hands. Remember New Year's Eve. If this option is not familiar to you, then we will tell you how to decorate a window with scissors, paper, a dishwashing sponge and white toothpaste.
Cut out any snowflakes from thick office paper. There is no limit to fantasy here. The main thing is to remember, the more delicate the snowflake, the more beautiful the pattern will turn out. We need several of these blanks of different sizes. We take some water, wet the glass with it and glue the snowflake. When it sticks, we apply a little toothpaste to the sponge and with light driving movements fill it with all the space inside this stencil and around the perimeter.
So repeat until the maximum decorative effect is achieved. Such a "stained-glass window" is easily removed with an ordinary damp cloth, as during the usual washing of windows. There is also an option to replace toothpaste with artificial snow in cans. See for yourself what is more accessible and better for you.
There is another option to paint the windows with gouache. This method is also quite often used, especially in children's educational institutions. There are no restrictions on the flight of fancy at all, since any festive motifs can be depicted on the glass.
Washing off such creativity is a little more difficult than the previous version, since gouache stains both the glass and the rag with which it is washed more densely. Therefore, it is better to shoot the painting using a large volume of water.
Make at homestained glass is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. To do this, you need to prepare a suitable stencil and the necessary materials. Only to engage in such a craft is not always advisable, since consumables are quite expensive. Yes, and everyone who decides to try himself in this business should have elementary skills in working with them.
On the other hand, making a large stained-glass window or several small ones on your own is much cheaper than ordering them in specialized workshops, where they will take money not only for materials, but also for the work done. If you have a need for a large number of such decorative elements, then you can safely go to the nearest store for materials.