- Just the facts
- Necessary tools for acrylic painting
- Performing stained glass with acrylic
- Tricks of the trade
- Pros and cons
- Other types of stained glass windows
Stained glass is one of the types of artistic painting, in our time it is becoming increasingly popular. Stained glass on glass is absolutely safe, and it can be done with children. It is made with acrylic paints. To perform this work, you do not need to have any special skills or abilities. The required colors can be purchased at any art or hardware store. Painting can be done not only on transparent surfaces, but also on wood, plastic, ceramics, metal or plaster.
Just the facts
The name "stained glass" comes from the Latin word vitrum - "glass", which means transparent patterns, paintings or drawings made on glass or colored glass.
Stained glass on glass originates in antiquity. Most often it was used in temples and churches. In the temples of Germany and France, the first plot stained-glass windows were used, made in bizarre forms, from different colors, and quite large in size. The stained-glass windows depicted religious events, the life and life of the saints. This is the so-called painting on glass.
In Russia, stained-glass windows appeared only in 1820 and they were first called transparent paintings. Just at this time, the revival of this art form began in Europe after a long oblivion.
Necessary tools for acrylic painting
If you don't know how to draw stained glass on glass, we'll tell you. Prepare the following tools:
- the most suitable sketch made on paper;
- stained glass to be painted;
- acrylic paints in pre-selected shades (no matter which company you choose, the main thing is that at least 12 hours pass between applying layers, and 3-4 days before the first wash);
- solvent, it is advisable to choose one company with paints;
- metal tip;
- stained glass outline;
- cotton buds;
- toothpick or thin stick;
- synthetic brushes.
After everything is ready for work, you can proceed directly to the creation of your masterpiece.
Performing stained glass with acrylic
So, let's start making stained glass on glass carefully and slowly.
Glass is laid out on a pre-prepared sketch, the edges are aligned so that the drawing is in the right place. Glass must first be washed and degreased, for this you can use ordinary vinegar or alcohol.
To make the line drawn by the contour thinner, a special met altip. With the help of a contour, the drawing is applied to the glass. Movements should be confident enough, clear and fast, with light pressure on the bottle. In order for the paint to flow out better, and the outline to be a little voluminous, the tip must be held at a large angle to the glass. The contour must be applied carefully enough so that there are no gaps in the drawing, since then it will need to be filled with liquid paint, and it can blur through the holes.
After the application of the main contour is completed, you must wait until it dries. Then we start filling it out. The technique of filling the contour is so simple that it can be done even with a child. To do this, the necessary shades of acrylic paints are selected. When working, you need to remember that the paint should be applied to the surface just enough so as not to exceed the height of the contour. If the paint has flowed a little onto the contour, you should not worry, after drying it will become transparent, and your miss will not be so noticeable.
When making stained glass on glass with their own hands, artists often want to get smooth transitions or different shades. To do this, you need to mix or shade several colors. This can be done with a regular toothpick. One of the colors is applied along the contour of the picture, with a slight distribution towards the center. Then a second color is applied from the center to the edges, which is necessary for mixing. Then, with a toothpick, the paint is mixed and leveled to evenly distribute over the element being painted. If air bubbles appear during application, theycan be easily removed with the same toothpick.
Tricks of the trade
- During the work, do not worry that the stained glass paint is quite pale and does not look the way you would like. After drying, it will darken a little and become much more transparent.
- To make the paint lay down more evenly, you can lightly tap on the glass from below - it will spread better.
- It is very convenient to work with acrylic paint not only on horizontal planes. It can also be used to decorate window panes, and even make a stained-glass window on the door glass without removing it from the frame.
- To make the drawing look a little voluminous, use a sponge when applying pure white color.
Pros and cons
Stained glass window is created quickly enough, while the work will not have similar ones. The biggest advantage of such a painting will be its practicality. Painted stained glass windows, unlike soldered ones, can be used for large surfaces, besides, they do not require cutting out individual pieces of glass and fixing them on the sketch. Therefore, painting glass with acrylic paints, you get a solid and solid image. In addition, a stained-glass window made with paints can be inserted into a double-glazed window, which saves heat much more than if a soldered stained-glass window is inserted into them.
Glass painting is much easier to fit into any interior of the apartment, while soldered stained glass requires carefully selected furnishings. In addition, painted glass perfectly transmits light,creating a subtle kaleidoscope effect.
Other types of stained glass windows
Stained glass on glass with paints is the easiest to do at home, but there are other types and ways of doing this.
The most common ones:
- classic soldered stained glass;
- stained glass Tiffany;
- frosted stained glass;
- stained glass Plastic Lead;
- casting windows;
- film stained glass window made using SGO technologies;
- faceted stained glass;
- combined stained glass;
- etched stained glass window;
- laser engraving.
If you decide to decorate the glass with stained glass, then before starting the main work, practice on small glasses, so to speak, fill your hand a little.