- Upper Threading Technology
- How to thread the lower thread
- Correct threading of the bobbin
- How to install the bobbin
- What you need to know about thread tension
- What you need to know about caring for your sewing machine
Not every needlewoman knows how to handle a sewing machine. This article will be of interest to those who use such a convenient device for the first time in their lives. The biggest difficulty comes when trying to thread. If there are no special problems with the upper thread, then you will have to tinker a little with the lower thread. So how do you thread your sewing machine?
Upper Threading Technology
This part of the job shouldn't be too difficult. You can insert the thread correctly, simply guided by intuition. In addition, most machines have a schematic representation of this process on the body.
To properly thread your sewing machine, it is recommended that you follow these instructions:
- The thread from the spool must be passed through the mount on the body.
- Then, the thread is threaded into a special regulator that tensions the threads, and then the thread must be brought into a compensation spring similar tohook.
- The next step is threading into the thread guide, after which the end must be passed through several fasteners before threading into the eye of the needle.
- The thread should be guided from the side where there is a notch or groove running along the needle (any of these elements are easy to feel for your fingers).
To understand how to properly thread a sewing machine, you need to know that some models are equipped with a fork that acts as a thread guide. In this case, you just need to put the thread on it, without passing it through the hole. However, this type of machine is quite rare.
How to thread the lower thread
Before you start threading, you need to figure out a little where the thread should be threaded and where it will be located.
Unlike the upper thread, the lower thread is wound on a bobbin, and not on the usual spool. For this part there is a special cap where the bobbin should be inserted. The thread is threaded under the spring plate.
The cap provides a certain thread tension, depending on the model of the sewing machine.
Correct threading of the bobbin
Now it's time to talk about how to thread a sewing machine, namely the bobbin thread.
Here you need to remove the additional table from the typewriter by moving it to the left. Initially, the shuttle plate is removed. To raise the needle to its highest position, turn the handwheel. To remove the bobbin mechanism, it must be gently pulled by the edge and thentake out the bobbin.
When threading a sewing machine, the thread is wound onto a bobbin by attaching the spool to the top peg and connecting it to the thread holder in a crosswise position. At this point, its edge should go to the flywheel. The bobbin is mounted on the second pin, the thread is attached, wrapping around the body several times. Then, pressing the pedal or turning the handwheel will thread the bobbin.
How to install the bobbin
To understand how to properly thread a sewing machine, you need to know this little thing. The thread should unwind only clockwise, the end is threaded into the bobbin mechanism through a special hole. It remains only to return the part to the shuttle and move the tongue to the position in which it was previously, i.e., simply lower it. This position fixes the mechanism motionless.
After filling is carried out, the mechanism must be installed at the bottom of the machine, following the instructions attached to the unit.
What you need to know about thread tension
It will be useful to get acquainted with this part of the article before proceeding directly to work. Having figured out how to thread the sewing machine, it's worth talking about thread tension.
The tension is adjusted using a special bolt located on the bobbin case by turning it.
When unscrewing the bolt, it is recommended to remember: in order to avoid breakage, it is not unscrewed more than half a turn.
The tension itself is neededadjust according to the density of the material to be sewn, its structure and the upper thread tension.
What you need to know about caring for your sewing machine
Like any other mechanism, the machine needs some maintenance, which prolongs its life. There is nothing difficult here:
- The internal parts are systematically lubricated using special oil, it is recommended to do this procedure once every six months.
- Threads and needles are selected depending on the type of fabric.
- Internal parts should be cleaned regularly with a special brush.
- If it is carried out, sewing fur, woolen or knitwear, then all the above actions should be carried out more often.