- Memorable dates
- Scientists and artists
- Sports achievements and space exploration
Anniversary rubles of the USSR were issued on the eve of some significant date, or on the anniversary of an outstanding person. They were made in different quality. They were first produced in 1965. They were produced until 1991. They were made from base metals - copper and nickel.
For ease of perception, it is worth breaking down the commemorative rubles of the USSR, issued for more than 20 years, into certain groups. They were made in honor of great people who achieved great success in politics, literature, music, etc. Also, their release was associated with many memorable dates.
The minting of commemorative rubles began in 1965. Then a coin was issued, which was dedicated to the anniversary date - 20 years since the victory over the Nazi invaders. The circulation of 60 thousand copies was intended both for collecting and for use. The diameter of the produced ruble was 31 mm, and its thickness was 1.9 mm.
In 1967, a coin was issued with a circulation of more than 50million copies. It was dedicated to a memorable event. The ruble, which was made to mark the 50th anniversary of the Socialist Revolution of 1917, was also issued in a circulation of 52,000 copies. The thickness of the coin has increased to 2.1mm.
In 1975, the ruble was issued, which was dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War with a circulation of 16 million copies. It weighed 12.8 g. After 2 years, the ruble was minted, which immortalized a significant date - 60 years since the October Revolution. Its circulation was 5 million.
In 1982, a coin was minted in honor of the 60th anniversary of the existence of the Soviet Union. It weighs 12.8 g and is replicated in the amount of 2 million pieces. On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the end of the Great Patriotic War (in 1985), a ruble was issued with a circulation of 6 million. In 1991, a coin of 3 rubles was minted in honor of the 50th anniversary of the defeat of the Nazi troops near Moscow.
Also, on the day of the 70th anniversary of the October Revolution, coins of the USSR (commemorative rubles) were issued in denominations of 1, 3 and 5 rubles. All of them date back to 1987. At the same time, the ruble was minted in honor of the 175th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino.
In 1968, the ruble was made, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of the great revolutionary and politician V.I. Lenin. This coin has become the most numerous of the commemorative ones. With a circulation of 2 million pieces, the ruble was issued for the 165th anniversary of the German philosopher Karl Marx. In 1985, a coin was minted in honor of the 165th anniversary of Friedrich Engels.
Scientists and artists
The jubilee rubles of the USSR are also interesting, the list of which displays the names of great Russian scientists. For example, in 1984 a coin was issued, which was dedicated to the 125th anniversary of the birth of physicist A.S. Popov. In the same year, the famous scientist Mendeleev celebrated his 150th birthday. After 2 years, the ruble is issued for the 275th anniversary of the great Russian scientist Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov.
In 1989, a 1 ruble coin was issued for Mussorgsky's birthday. They also honored the memory of the conductor, teacher and composer Tchaikovsky. In honor of his 150th birthday in 1990, a coin of 1 ruble was minted with a circulation of 2.6 million copies. At the same time, a coin for the birthday of the Belarusian printing pioneer Francysk Skaryna appeared. The ruble was also replicated in the amount of 2.6 million pieces.
A year later, a coin came out with the image of pianist and conductor Sergei Sergeevich Prokofiev. Many commemorative rubles of the USSR, dedicated to great politicians and scientists, are more valuable than others.
Sports achievements and space exploration
The lion's share of coins falls on items that commemorate great sporting events. From 1977 to 1980 they were issued in honor of the Games of the XXII Olympiad. They had the following images on them:
- Olympic emblem (1977);
- Kremlin (1978);
- Space (1979);
- MG0U building (1979);
- Olympic Flame (1980);
- monument to Dolgoruky (1980).
In 1991, rubles were minted in honor of the Olympic Games in Barcelona: javelin throw, weightlifting, wrestling and running.
In 1981a coin was minted for the 20th anniversary of the discovery of space for man. It depicted Gagarin. Its circulation totaled 3, 962 million pieces. After 2 years, a coin was issued for the day of Tereshkova's flight into space. In 1987, 130 years have passed since the birth of the scientist and inventor Tsiolkovsky. A commemorative ruble was also issued for this date.
Commemorative rubles of the USSR with the image of great literary figures also occupy the largest part of all issued coins from 1965 to 1991.
In 1983, a coin was minted with a portrait of one of the first Russian book printers, Ivan Fedorov. In 1984, on the occasion of Pushkin's birthday (185 years old), a ruble with his image was issued. After 4 years, a coin was issued dedicated to the Russian poet and prose writer, as well as the playwright and artist M.Yu. Lermontov. It has been 175 years since his birth.
In 1988, 160 years have passed since the birth of Leo Tolstoy. This date is immortalized on a coin with a face value of 1 ruble. Also, the jubilee rubles of the USSR, the list of which is quite large, include coins with the image of the following great writers:
- Maxim Gorky.
- Mihai Eminescu.
- Khamza-Hakim Zadeh.
- Taras Shevchenko.
- Jan Rainis.
- Anton Chekhov.
- Nizami Ganjevi.
Commemorative rubles of the USSR, the value of which depends on the circulation, were issued in various nominal values.