Table of contents:
- First anniversary medal
- Jubilee award in honor of the 30th anniversary of the Victory
- Anniversaryaward in honor of the fortieth anniversary of the Victory
- 50 years after the Victory
- Jubilee medal "60 years of Victory"
- Jubilee medal "70 years of Victory"
When Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was at the head of the USSR, Victory Day over Nazi Germany began to turn into the second most important public holiday after the October Revolution. May 9 officially became a public holiday in 1965. The holiday in those years acquired a large number of traditions that are still observed today, for example, military parades on Red Square. Then the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was also opened. Since that time, the history of commemorative medals dedicated to the anniversaries of the Victory begins.
First anniversary medal
In 1965, the first anniversary Victory medal was issued, which was dedicated to the twentieth anniversary of the liberation of states from the Nazis. The obverse depicts a Soviet soldier-liberator from Treptow Park in Berlin, which is framed by two laurel branches. The author of the award was Evgeny Vuchetich. Also on the sides were the dates 1945 and 1965, respectively. On the reverse are the words "Twenty Years of Victory in the GreatPatriotic War 1941-1945", Roman numeral XX and a star, in divergent rays.
The jubilee medal was made of brass, and was attached to a pentagonal bar with the help of an eyelet, which was framed with a tricolor (red, green and black) ribbon. According to the statute, this award should be on the chest on the left. It was awarded to all servicemen of the Red Army, as well as former partisans. As a result, about 16.4 million Soviet citizens received the award.
Jubilee award in honor of the 30th anniversary of the Victory
On the thirtieth anniversary of the victory, which was in 1975, another medal was established. The jubilee award was presented to all the soldiers who were in the ranks of the Red Army during the war, underground fighters, partisans and home front workers. By the way, depending on who the recipient was during the war, the inscriptions on the reverse side of the medal varied. If a person took part in the battles, and the reverse was written "War participant", if he was a home front worker, then "Participant of the labor front".
An interesting fact is that foreign citizens were awarded awards without these inscriptions. In total, approximately 14 million Soviet citizens received the award. On the obverse of the medal, the image of the statue was again placed by Yevgeny Vuchetich. This time it was the famous "Motherland" from Volgograd. Behind her was an image of a salute, on the left - a laurel branch, a star, and the dates 1945 and 1975.
Anniversaryaward in honor of the fortieth anniversary of the Victory
The last commemorative medal in the history of the USSR, dedicated to the anniversary of the victory, was the one that appeared in 1985. Her award rules were the same as the previous ones. The external design has changed. The front side contains figures of a worker, a collective farmer and a soldier, laurel branches, fireworks, the years 1945 and 1985, and also depicts the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin. About 11.3 million Soviet citizens received the medal.
50 years after the Victory
In 1993, the anniversary medal "50 Years of Victory" was established. This time the award was given out in four former Soviet republics that were already sovereign states. This structure included Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus. The list of awarded persons was added to the former underage prisoners of concentration camps and ghettos.
On the obverse of the medal were images of the Kremlin wall, the Spasskaya Tower, St. Basil's Cathedral and fireworks. Below, framed by laurel branches, the inscription "1945-1995" shone.
Jubilee medal "60 years of Victory"
In 2004, a presidential decree was issued, according to which the medal was established. The jubilee award was created in honor of the upcoming sixtieth anniversary of the Victory in the war. She was also awarded in Ukraine and Belarus. On the obverse this time they placed the order "Victory" and the inscription "1945-2005". The reverse side is framed in the same way as the previous medal: "Sixty(in numbers) years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." framed by laurel branches.
Five years later, another award was issued, dedicated to the Victory over Nazi Germany. On its obverse was placed the Order of Glory I degree and the date "1945-2010". In all other respects, it did not differ much from the previous medal: in the inscription on the reverse, of course, the number 60 was changed to 65, but now it was not framed by laurel branches.
Jubilee medal "70 years of Victory"
In 2013, the heads of the CIS member states decided to establish a single jubilee award, which was dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the overthrow of Nazism. It was supposed to be celebrated in 2015. But some countries agreed to this only with certain reservations. In Moldova, where they decided to abandon the image of a hammer and sickle, a medal received a new design. An anniversary award in Ukraine would have been devoid of multicolor, but after the change of government, they abandoned it and created their own.
This time the obverse, in addition to the inscription "1945-2015", was decorated with the Order of the Patriotic War in color. The reverse is designed in the same way as the medal in honor of the 60th anniversary of the Victory.