Table of contents:
- Beautiful fur toys
- Materials for work
- Two kinds of soft fur toys
- Frame manufacturing technology
- Sheathing the frame with fur
- Small details add personality
- Teddy toys patterns
- Teddy Bear Sewing Technology
- Seated Toy Patterns
- Which models are suitable for natural fur
- Pro Tips
- The simplest model for a beginner
A real housewife can save a lot on sewing skills. And what about children's toys - after all, they do not save on children? There are always pieces of fur in the house - old hats, children's fur coats. When they become unusable, they rub on the sleeves, you can cut out the remaining parts and put them into action. Someone sews vests out of them, someone cuts insoles into shoes. You can also make fur toys with your own hands.
They do not differ in complex patterns, unlike textile dolls. And sometimes they look better than those sold in the store. Masters value their toys very expensively. Who knows, maybe the first experience will later become a profitable hobby.
Beautiful fur toys
You can sew wonderful things with your own hands. The now popular hand-made movement unites beginner artists and real professionals. The art of creating toys has reached a high level relatively recently. In the middle of the last century, there was no need for a complex portrait toy.
She was approached by designers to decorate the interior,window dressing. Exhibitions held around the world have shown the great importance of the author's doll. Fur models began to appear: cartoon characters, Teddy bears, miniature souvenir animals.
Sometimes an artist manages to sew a thing so naturalistic that it can be compared to a scarecrow. Only the toy will have the great advantage that no animals were harmed in its making.
Materials for work
Craftsmen use new materials because they are easier and faster to work with. But even from an old fur coat you can sew fur toys with your own hands. To do this, all the seams are ripped, the parts are steamed with an iron and unsuitable places are cut out. After that, you can start cutting.
A large toy 50 centimeters high will require a half-meter piece of new fur (for example, Italian fox). Its price is 6500 rubles per meter. For the frame you will need 5 meters of wire. It is better to take a copper insulated section of 1, 5 or 2, 0. For stuffing, use synthetic fluff, synthetic winterizer or foam rubber cut into small pieces.
For the spout, eye, antennae, claws and other little things, polymer clay, fishing line, ready-made eyes are used. Eyes are easy to make yourself. Cabochons are sold for decorating postcards. Photographs of toy eyes printed on a printer are glued to them. After drying, the fur is moved apart and the eyes are glued in place.
Two kinds of soft fur toys
With your own hands you can make an ordinary toy with soft filler that can be washed in a machine. Sosew bears, bunnies, dogs and other little animals for the game. With such a toy, kids love to fall asleep, it is not scary to get it dirty or drop it into a puddle. But there is another type of toys - the author's doll. This is a collectible item that is made differently, using several techniques.
For the manufacture of such a model, an internal frame is needed. Then the toy can be planted, given a certain pose and changed depending on the mood of the owner. For such purposes, wire is used. If the thing is made for the collection, you can take aluminum. In the case when multiple flexion-extension of the legs is supposed, turns of the head - copper. Often, artists insert rigid elements into the frame according to the type of skeleton: the shoulder and pelvic transverse twig, the spine. They are made of wood, a piece of twig will do. It is cleaned of bark and braided with wire.
A synthetic winterizer is wound on the frame and fixed with threads. This gives volume to the toy. After the frame is sheathed with fur. Separate parts are sewn manually with a furry stitch and turned inside out (usually these are paws), the remaining places are covered with fur directly on the toy. At the same time, the seams are hidden.
Frame manufacturing technology
The frame is the basis, the skeleton of the toy. Pre-create a sketch of the model, determine its dimensions and proportions. Then the copper wire is folded several times and a spine is formed. The bases for the front and hind legs are attached to it. In place of the head, a small ball is formed using foil (it is wound around the neck). So that the whole structurewell kept, once again wrap the wire around the entire circuit, including the head. The frame should resemble a child's drawing of a stick man.
The next step in making a do-it-yourself fur toy is wrapping it with soft material. It can be batting or synthetic winterizer. An old lining from a ripped fur coat is also suitable. The purpose of the winding is to add volume. Thickenings are made at the joints, at the tips of the paws - too. According to the synthetic winterizer, the frame is wrapped with ordinary sewing thread so that it holds well on the wire. They try to make the limbs identical.
The finished frame is already a bit like a future toy. It shows the architecture of the body, its movements are understandable. After testing the flexion and extension of the limbs, adjustments can be made - lengthen the neck, shorten the tail, change the volume of the head, or replace some weak articulations. The toy must be proportional. If you hope that the fur will hide the flaws visible at this stage, then you will have to invent workarounds for the identified problem (for example, the frame has a short neck and does not allow the head to turn) or even redo the work.
Sheathing the frame with fur
If the author has already made a certain model many times, he can tell exactly what the dimensions of the pattern are. In practice, it is often difficult to fit the wire frame to the already cut parts of the skin. This is affected by the volume specified by the synthetic winterizer strapping, and the allowances for the seams, and the depth of the seams, even the thickness of the thread with which the seam is led. The material may shrink in the wrong hands, or the fur will be so thick that it will create additional volume.
Therefore, for do-it-yourself fur toys, patterns are marked according to the finished frame. A toy is placed on the wrong side of the fur fabric and a detail is outlined with chalk. This will be the paw, tail and belly. The pile should be pointing down. The paws are sewn in turn and put on the frame. They are connected by cutting out the back, the tummy is cut out along the back.
The head is sheathed with the back half, which is cut out along the frame, and the front half, consisting of several shreds. For the prominent part of the muzzle, a separate cover is sewn. The pile is directed towards the nose. Around it there will be shreds of the frontal part and cheeks. They are cut out and sewn with a blind seam right on the front side of the toy. The frontal part has the direction of the pile up, the cheeks - to the sides. After the head is assembled, the muzzle, soles and palms are cut with ordinary sharp scissors, reducing the pile to 0.2 centimeters.
Small details add personality
Ready-made eyes for soft toys can be bought in the department for needlework. But if you want to save money and make eyes yourself, you can mold them from polymer clay. They also make teeth, the inner parts of the ears, heels and claws. The color of the clay is chosen immediately so that after baking the parts they are not painted.
Such little things can be easily done with your own hands. Toys made of faux fur with author's eyes look much more interesting and more expensive than with store-bought ones. The molded parts are placed on a plate and put in the oven for the time indicated by the instructions for the clay. After cooling, they are varnished andstick.
Teddy toys patterns
This model belongs to the second type of toys. A frame is not made for it, but articulated limbs can be used. However, they can be successfully replaced with fasteners, like a Bigfoot doll has a button bundle. It is made at the shoulder and hip level, sewing on buttons at the top of the arms and legs. They become mobile no worse than on hinges, but it is easier to do it yourself.
The pattern of a Teddy-type fur toy is standard and consists of several parts:
- Head - front part, 2 parts; back, 2 parts.
- Belly - 2 parts.
- Back - 2 parts.
- Ear - 4 parts.
- Inner part of the ear - 2 parts.
- Tail - 2 parts.
- Hand - 4 parts.
- Leg - 4 parts.
- Foot - 4 parts.
For this model, it is best to choose fur with a short pile, not too thick.
Teddy Bear Sewing Technology
When a child has already learned how to make an even seam, you can offer him a more difficult task. After choosing a model, they start sewing a soft toy made of faux fur. A do-it-yourself animal made will become his favorite friend. You should not choose natural fur for working with needles - it is difficult to pierce. It is quite another thing artificial. For Mishka, patches are cut out, which are sewn with large stitches with a contrasting thread. It is more convenient to sew on patches before all parts are sewn.
- Cut out all the details, mark them and number them on the reverse side.
- The head, paws and torso are sewn together.
- The head and tail are sewn to the body.
- The front legs are sewn to the body using a long needle. Outside, the thread passes through the buttons.
- The hind legs are sewn in the same way.
Spreading the fur, cut out a place for the eyes. Embroider or glue the nose. Glue the eyes. If desired, you can sew a jacket for Mishka.
Seated Toy Patterns
This is the lightest of the author's toys. She always does well. You can offer to sew it to the child and help him do everything with his own hands. The pattern of a soft toy made of fur is very simple. The head is assembled from five parts: the back, two front side parts, two parts of the protruding muzzle.
The torso is cut out along with the limbs. This was done by three: two side parts of a sitting toy and the inside of the tummy and paws. The tail is sewn separately. The toy is stuffed through partially open seams, after which they are sewn up.
Which models are suitable for natural fur
Handmade is not cheap, and it is unprofitable to use natural fur once again. From it you can sew details for the muzzle, ears, cut thin strips for eyelashes. Large models are sewn from faux fur. In order not to lose quality, they choose imported materials.
If it is decided to sew the whole toy from natural fur, then there is no need to regret and cut out pieces. When stitching them, different directions of the pile will be visible, and this will immediately age the toy. Good way to save- make an animal in clothes. For example, a kitten in a jacket and boots will wear less fur than an undressed one.
Making toys from natural fur with their own hands, they choose high-quality material. If it is a ripped fur coat, worn areas can be put on the soles of the paws, but not on other parts.
When sewing fur, its ability to straighten is taken into account. This provides a hidden seam. For stitching, the parts are placed with the fur inside and all the hairs are carefully straightened so that they do not fall into the seam. The master works with the reverse side of the skin, all the fur is tucked between the parts.
Furriers use thick cotton thread to stitch fur. This gives strength to the product and protects against excessive constriction, which could occur when using kapron thread. You can use their experience when sewing toys with your own hands.
The pattern of a toy made of natural fur should be laid out on the skin, taking into account the direction of the pile. If you make a mistake, you can get the muzzle of an animal, in which all the hairs will be combed to the side, or on one half of the muzzle up, on the other down. They also carefully monitor the pattern of paws. The direction of the pile on them should go down.
The simplest model for a beginner
In working with natural fur, one of the most time-consuming moments is stitching the details. For children, this can be difficult. But you can glue an owl out of fur with your own hands. The toy can be made together with the child. In the process of its creation, needles and threads will not be needed - glue on the skin will replace their function.
Required tools and materials:
- Pieces of rabbit fur, silver fox, arctic fox.
- A piece of black leather for the beak.
- Artificial round eyes.
- Wooden blank - cylinder (you can cut five centimeters from the handle of a shovel).
- Measure and cut out two circles according to the diameter of the workpiece.
- Measure and cut out a solid part by rolling the workpiece over the skin. The direction of the hairs is down. It should be a rectangle.
- Glue parts on the workpiece.
- Spread the fur and glue the beak and eyes.
If the fur is fluffy enough, then no more details are required. If desired, fur wings and paws are made of leather.
Sewing fur toys is a fun activity. Fur hides uneven seams, and a neat product is obtained. Try to sew a fur toy with your own hands, and it will delight you for a long time.