Table of contents:
- Standard classification
- Ribbons and fabric
- Using napkins
- Looking for materials in the kitchen
- Turning to nature for help
- Creating from scraps
- Creating 3D
- Make chamomile: master class
- Learning Shapes
In translation from Latin, the word "application" means "attachment". To make a picture using this technique, you need to cut out various shapes from the same material and attach them to the base, which is the background. For work, you can use paper, cloth, cereal and many other improvised means. Let's take a closer look at what types of applications are and what are the features of their creation.
Gluing flowers in this way is called floristry. To make a beautiful bud, it is enough to collect some dried leaves, fruits, straw, poplar fluff. Also useful are different types of shells, cones, seeds, seeds, grass and more. Whatever material you choose, you will need to take into account the features of its texture during work. It should adhere well to the base and harmoniously fit into the composition of the piece.
There are many types of this handmade, among which you canhighlight three main ones:
- decorative applique (created on the principle of combining various elements of decoration);
- subject (pictures made using this technique consist of independent images - birds, trees, butterflies, etc.);
- plot (depicts a certain action or event - snowfall, family walk, dog playing with a ball).
This is the standard classification of this needlework. In addition to the items listed above, there are many other types of such crafts. Non-traditional application can be performed using the following techniques.
Ribbons and fabric
Tape. Using this method, it is really possible to create not one or two identical figures, but any number of them. They can be tied together in a long garland or separated from each other. To make such a craft, you need a large sheet of paper. Fold it like an accordion, draw the outline of the future part on the top layer and cut it out, capturing all levels of the material.
Fabric. This application belongs to the varieties of embroidery. The process of working on it consists in attaching elements of a similar material on a fabric basis. Fixing parts is done by sewing or gluing. Knitted appliqués are made on the same base material. To create such a craft, you must have some skills and dexterity. In particular, you need to be able to carefully cut out the details (the fact is that it is more difficult to work with fabric than with paper). Also needkeep in mind that the edges of parts can delaminate and crumble, which complicates the creative process.
Napkin. This decorative appliqué can interest even the smallest children. Working with this material will not only bring a lot of pleasure, but will also contribute to the development of the child. The figures do not need to be cut with scissors, so the baby will not be injured.
Types of applique using this material perfectly develop fine motor skills of hands and tactile perception (it is especially useful for this to use materials with different textures). And, of course, your child will develop fantasy and turn ideas into reality.
Looking for materials in the kitchen
From cereals. Many types of applications involve the use of non-standard materials. These include, for example, cereals and pasta. Working on a craft is extremely useful for a child's fine motor skills. After all, while sorting through small particles, he develops his fingers and learns to make pinching movements.
Besides, if the baby is already more than one year old, it is very important for him to see the visual result of his labors. Because children really like to collect pictures from cereals. The most versatile materials for this type of creativity are semolina, rice and millet. They can be painted with gouache to make the details more vivid and attractive. Pasta in the form of spirals, bows, shells will also give unusual compositions.
Turning to nature for help
Decorative appliqué made from straw. Such crafts look very stylish: the rays of the sun play in their lines, cast in gold. The fact is that the surface of this material is glossy and perfectly even, thanks to the longitudinal fibers of which it consists. These microscopic strips are capable of maximum light reflection when placed in the correct position in relation to the sun.
Compose the shapes of your composition from parts that lie at different angles relative to the light source. In this case, you can ensure that each element will shine and shimmer beautifully. In this technique, you can make whole paintings, as well as decorate bookmarks, various boxes and frames.
From the herbarium. Dried flowers, grass, and leaves are a very popular craft material. These parts are easily accessible for schoolchildren and small children. Application schemes are very simple to implement and do not require much work. But, before proceeding directly to the process of creating crafts, you need to take a walk and collect the necessary materials. This is not only an interesting and exciting activity, it also instills in children a love and respect for nature. In addition, such walks are very useful, because they take place in the fresh air.
Creating from scraps
Another interesting type of creativity is a broken application. It is created on the principle of laying out a mosaic. Cardboard is best suited as the basis, and sheets of colored paper of different shades will become the material for work. They needbreak into many small pieces, from which the picture will be formed.
You can attach the resulting "puzzles" with glue or double-sided tape. The second option is ideal for small and creative preschoolers. Children may not even tear off pieces of paper in advance. Let the child attach the desired part of the sheet to the tape and press it with the blunt part of the pencil. In this way, the entire surface of the future picture is filled and its color scheme is formed.
The broken applique exists not only in its classic form, described above. It evolved, thanks to which such an offshoot of it as handigyrim appeared. When working in this technique, the Koreans created a special paper - handi, it is made by hand. And when the time comes to use this material, its pieces are moistened and torn off along the outlines from the sheet. Working with Hanji, you can create paintings that look like they were painted in watercolor or oil.
Do-it-yourself volumetric appliqué is the best option for making crafts with convex flowers. You can not only make a variety of buds, but also decorate anything with them - postcards, panels or interior elements. Therefore, every person who is fond of paper handmade should be able to make such applications.
Types of applications aimed at creating volumetric crafts are quite diverse in terms of the principle of operation. The production of each flower has its own specific features and leveldifficulty.
Make chamomile: master class
It will take you a maximum of half an hour to create a classic chamomile. Start by drawing the outlines of future petals on white paper. They should have an elongated oval shape. Leave some space around the edges so that you can bend each piece later. In this flower, the petals are placed in several tiers. To work, you will also need green paper for the background and a little yellow paper for the core.
First, cut out 16 large petals, and then 12 slightly smaller ones. Glue their bases onto the background to form a circle. Lay out the lower tier with larger ovals, and the upper one with those that are smaller. The final touch is gluing in the center of the circle, which will serve as the core.
You can try a more interesting option by tearing the yellow leaf into small pieces. Lubricate the middle of the flower with glue and sprinkle this area with the resulting shreds. Make sure they form an even circle. This method will help you make a fluffy flower core.
Another option for creativity is an application of figures. Such work well develops the imagination and thinking of children. In addition, they begin to learn and memorize the shapes that various objects have. These crafts can be very simple or more complex in structure and number of details. But they are always based on the principle of using simple geometric shapes.
For example, a house can be made from a square that will go to the wall,triangles - on the roof, and rectangles - on the windows and the door. To create a flower, butterfly or caterpillar, you need circles. Any animal can be folded from ovals of different sizes. A simple and cute application card created using this technique can be a wonderful gift from a child to a parent or friend for any occasion.