Cross-stitch is a very ancient type of needlework. It is known that canvases dating back several hundred years were found in Greece. They looked deplorable, but accurately conveyed the interlacing of the thread in the form of a cross. Then materials were published in Russia confirming the equally old method of embroidery available on the territory of Ancient Russia. Now there are several types of crosses that were common in all areas of our vast country. Moreover, each of them represented its own way of doing embroidery. A lot of books on the topic "How to cross stitch" have been published. All methods and types of weaving threads have their own descriptions. Try each of them - and you will find your own unique style of making crosses.
How to cross stitch and what materials are needed for this
Forto complete motifs from crosses, you need four main components:
1. Canvas or other material on which you are going to draw. Pick it up with a diagram. If you want to embroider a small motif, then choose a canvas with small squares. And if you want something big, then buy a larger one. In modern stores you can find canvas for every taste and color, but mostly white is still used for embroidery.
2. Needle. The size of the eye should not exceed the size of the hole on the canvas. For embroidery, the smallest and thinnest needles are used. You can pick them up from sets or buy special ones designed for this. The needle must be new and free of roughness on the surface. This will complicate the embroidery and will not bring the expected result.
3. Threads for embroidery. Basically, floss is used for the correct execution of the cross. It is affordable and inexpensive, and also has a whole range of colors. You can also use other types of thread, and even thin yarn. The choice depends only on your capabilities and desires. Crosses made of satin or nylon thread do not look very nice. They have an uneven structure, and are also capable of unraveling or stretching individual elements.
4. Hoop. There are several types on the market, made of plastic or wood. Their sizes vary from very small to very large. Medium-sized wooden hoops are considered the most convenient and practical. They can be suitable for any embroidery of anymotives, even very large ones - such as making a pattern on a tablecloth or curtains.
How to cross stitch using canvas
Canva is the most comfortable fabric for cross stitching. It has clear squares on which it is very convenient to perform counting elements. It's called Aida. There is also a Hardanger canvas. It is distinguished by the absence of clear squares, which is also convenient for embroidery, because crosses of any size can be made on it. On any type of this material, the crosses turn out to be even, identical and clear, which is very much appreciated by craftswomen of any age. There is a little secret that will allow you to fully answer the question "How to learn to embroider perfect patterns?" This is cross stitching in one direction, i.e. The top stitch always goes in one direction. This will make your work simply irresistible.
How to cross stitch using plain fabric
It is very difficult to carry out elements of such embroidery on a simple fabric. And if there is no canvas, then what to do, and how to embroider with a cross? There is one piece of advice. You will have to be patient and count each transverse and longitudinal thread in the fabric. This is a very painstaking work, but it gives an excellent result if you need embroidery on a dress or sundress. This method allows you to make crosses on any fabric and absolutely on any clothes. Correct counting is the key to your success.