Table of contents:
- Search pattern - start knitting
- Basic types of loops
- Face loop
- Notation Features
- purl stitch
- Variants of knitting facial loops
- Using auxiliary needles
- Scheme value
To escape from everyday problems, each person chooses an activity to his liking. Today, knitting is especially popular among lovers of needlework. The designation of loops for this type of needlework is considered almost generally accepted, with only some minor clarifications. However, if you master the basic options for graphical representation of loops, reading the diagrams will no longer be difficult. It remains only to control the number of working loops and periodically check with the pattern.
Search pattern - start knitting
Finding a knitting pattern for a pattern of any complexity will not be difficult. Experienced knitters, and not so, are almost always ready to share their secrets. For their communication, there are separate sites, special forums are organized, various magazines are published, where you can find not only diagrams, but also photographs of finished products, as well as advice and recommendations. But in order to repeat the pattern with your own hands, you need to understand the designation of the loops. Only three main loops are knitted with knitting needles, and we designate themconsider in this article.
For knitting patterns are of decisive importance, however, as for other types of knitting. They ensure the accuracy of repeating a certain pattern. Few people will be able to accurately reproduce without a graphic pattern. To do this, you need to have sufficient experience and a good imagination. And besides, for this purpose, almost certainly, it will be necessary to dissolve the existing sample. But this eliminates the possibility of making mistakes. Because if something goes wrong, it will be quite difficult to correct the situation. That is why the use of patterns when knitting is the simplest and preferred option.
It can be argued that no matter what source the pattern was found in, anyone who knows the loop conventions will be able to complete the pattern. Even if a foreign resource was used, and it is not possible to read the comments on knitting (due to the language barrier).
Basic types of loops
In order to comprehend the basics of knitting, you need to master only three types of basic loops: front, back and crochet. All the variety of patterns is made from them in their different combinations and versions. Consider the generally accepted notation using the table below as an example.
Each type of loop, despite the fact that there are only three of them, has its main purpose. If the purl is used mainly to make the reverse side of the product, orhighlighting certain elements, the front loop is the basis of the basics for knitting. Variations of this loop are considered to be crossed, two or three loops knitted at the same time, lowered, elongated. They can be tilted to the right or left, it all depends on the complexity and symmetry of the pattern. And finally, yarn over - it is used when you need to add a certain number of loops, as well as for making openwork patterns.
Let's start by looking at the simplest and most popular type of loop - facial. This type is considered the most common, because it is with the front loops that a huge number of options are performed, which make it possible to obtain such a variety of patterns. They are used when performing the simplest options: for hosiery or garter knitting, as well as for creating especially complex patterns.
No matter how complicated the pattern may seem at first glance, by repeating its execution several times in a row, further work can be done literally on an intuitive level. Although almost everywhere the designation of loops when knitting is similar, some nuances are still worth remembering.
Starting knitting a new, unfamiliar pattern, the knitter performs a small sample. It will help to calculate the required number of loops for the product, and will also allow you to understand the technique for making the pattern. The front loop, as a rule, is indicated by a vertical dash or an empty cell.
Schemes, as a rule, are drawn up taking into account the visualperception of the picture. Therefore, often for its visual representation, it is necessary to highlight such areas on the diagram that have no practical significance for the drawing. And then such places are designated by empty cells. This should be remembered, because due to non-compliance with this nuance, it is impossible to knit correctly. The pattern will not work because the loops will not fall into place.
The other most common type of loop is purl. In the diagrams, it is represented by a horizontal dash. This designation of the loops in the diagram resembles their real appearance when knitting. As mentioned above, both front and back loops are equally important when knitting, because the use of various options for their combinations allows you to achieve all kinds of, quite diverse patterns.
And the third type of loops in knitting is the crochet. Actually, it can be called a loop very conditionally. This is just a thread thrown over a knitting needle for the purpose of further knitting a loop out of it. On the diagrams, it is indicated simply by a circle. When making a complex product, the techniques of both narrowing the product and expanding it are often used. And in this case, the crochet comes to the rescue.
Another yarn is used for knitting openwork patterns. Due to the fact that it occurs where there was no loop before, it gives a certain airiness and looseness to the pattern. And if the correct combination of thread thickness and needle diameter is observed, you can achieve incredible results.beautiful, literally weightless products.
Variants of knitting facial loops
As noted above, there are various options for combining the main loops when knitting. Pattern schemes sometimes contain symbols other than those listed above.
For example, if the pattern involves the slope of the loops to the right or left, then the main loops are knitted according to some rules. Their knitting technique will vary somewhat.
To tilt the front loop to the left, you must first remove one unknitted needle on the working knitting needle, and then, knitting the next one, stretch it through the removed one. And in order to achieve the slope of the loops to the right, you need to insert the knitting needle under the second loop, and, grabbing it and the previous one, knit them at the same time. It should be noted that the implementation of such a combination of inclinations, especially for an insufficiently experienced master, is not at all easy. You have to constantly check with the pattern pattern. And the fact that the designation of loops when knitting is universal greatly simplifies the process of perceiving the pattern.
The same techniques can be used not with one, but for knitting pairs of loops.
In the diagram, such options are indicated by the corresponding slopes in the direction where they should be performed. Much less often, such slopes are indicated by a triangle indicating the direction of the slope.
Using auxiliary needles
There is still a very important point for understanding how the designation of loops occurs when knitting. Not everything can be done with knitting needlesloop options. Sometimes additional working knitting needles, a hook or pins are used for this purpose. They help not to lose the loops that should be knitted after those that are further on the auxiliary needle.
Three dashes with a common top indicate that three loops are also knitted in a special way. Similar to slopes, one loop is removed untied. Then, two loops are knitted together with the front and stretched through the removed one. Thus, we get a pyramid with a single vertex, which is similar to the symbol on the diagram.
Thus, we came to the conclusion that each loop in the knitting process plays a certain role. Therefore, the designation of loops when knitting is of particular importance. After all, only strict adherence to the scheme can ensure that a certain pattern is obtained on the finished product.
Knitting is not just making various things with your own hands, it is also a creative process. It is difficult to imagine that obtaining such a huge number of various patterns is possible by using various options for performing only three main loops. Each knitter can come up with her own special version of the pattern (having previously practiced on the existing ones). And then, perhaps, it is your execution scheme that lovers of needlework will recommend to each other.