Coins of 1812. Cost and appearance
Coins of 1812. Cost and appearance

At the beginning of the 19th century, due to strong inflation in the Russian Empire, the exchange rate of the paper ruble fell sharply to 20 metal kopecks. The Ministry of Finance was forced to take extreme measures. All types of taxes have increased in the country. The issue of paper banknotes was completely discontinued. They began to gradually withdraw from circulation. Surplus money supply was destroyed. All transactions were recommended to be carried out using coins. For all denominations of copper coins, the stop was increased one and a half times (24 rubles from a pood). It was forbidden to import foreign currency into the country. These measures helped to stabilize the ruble exchange rate and reduce the deficit of funds in the treasury before the Patriotic War of 1812

Coins of Alexander I

Trial release

During the reign of Emperor Alexander I, a record number of silver coins were minted. In 1807, the construction of the mint was completed in St. Petersburg. It was equipped with the most modern English equipment. The new coins were different from the old ones. When minted, coins were placed in a smooth ring. The emperor refused to decorate the coins with his image. Trial issues of three types of portrait coins were produced. But nonefrom sketches with a portrait of Alexander the First was not approved. Instead, coins with the image of a double-headed eagle were approved. Gold coins were printed in denominations of 5 and 10 rubles. They depicted four patterned shields and the Russian coat of arms in the middle. The cost of a coin of 1812 (5 rubles) from 68 thousand rubles.

1 ruble 1812

silver coin

The coin is made of 868 sterling silver. In the center of the obverse of the coin is the coat of arms of the Russian Empire. The shape of the wings and tail of the double-headed eagle has changed slightly compared to the old coins. Under the paws of the bird are the initials of minzmeister Fyodor Gelman. The numbers -1812 are stamped below. Around the coat of arms are two inscriptions "Coin" and "Ruble". The inscriptions are separated from each other by six-pointed stars. The relief elements were made in the form of teeth. On the reverse in the center is the inscription "Russian state coin ruble". Later it was replaced by an indication of the mass of silver. Under the inscription is the designation of the St. Petersburg Mint. Above the inscription is a crown. Along the edges is a laurel wreath, tied with a ribbon at the bottom. Some coins have traces of date re-engraving. The cost of a coin of 1812 is from 3 thousand rubles.

Poltina and half-poltina

These are coins worth half and a quarter of the ruble. Their design was almost no different from the appearance of the ruble coin. The cost of coins of the war of 1812 is from 3 thousand rubles.

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