- What is the simplest dress?
- What will it take?
- Model withsimple pattern
- What are the measurements?
- How to take measurements?
- What's next?
- Starting to cut
- Line by line
- Last step
Every girl dreams of beautiful, eye-catching outfits. However, it is not always possible to afford to buy the thing that you want - either there is no size, or the cut does not fit. But you should not be upset - you can try to create a unique, inimitable and completely individual outfit. For example, first try to sew a simple dress, and only then, having learned how to make patterns, you can make more complex outfits.
What is the simplest dress?
A simple dress is a model without ruffles, frills, edging, wedges and other elements that greatly decorate the product, but also complicate the process of its creation. Perhaps the most difficult thing is the initial stage, when you need to take measurements correctly, and then very carefully and incredibly accurately transfer them to paper. Of course, you can go the other way - to create a dress without a pattern. This will be the primary learning stage, after which you can start sewing more complexoutfits.
So, first, as an example for comparison, let's look at how you can create a dress with a simple pattern, and then move on to the process of forming a model made according to more complex patterns. Before you start marking and cutting the fabric, you should prepare the tools necessary for the job. It’s worth doing this in advance so that you don’t get distracted later, looking for a suitable thread or scissors.
What will it take?
Of course, before creating a simple light dress with your own hands, you need to decide on the fabric - you should immediately refuse too dense or too thin (chiffon, silk). In the first case, the fabric will bulge in ill-fitting places, while in the second, all defects, even the smallest ones, will be perfectly visible, because there can be quite a lot of them during the first sewing.
Do not forget about the selection of the pattern - it will be easier to work with material without decor or with a small abstraction, a flower - where you do not have to adjust and combine the pattern. If the material comes with a large pattern, it is worth making a good margin for fitting.
Next, we prepare the tools - we need a meter, which will be used to measure, and large scissors, allowing us to make a cut with the smallest irregularities. And, of course, they must be sharp. It is better to stock up on several types of needles (in the course of work it will become clear which one fits more comfortably in your hand and makes smaller punctures on the fabric), as well as strong threads. Do not forget to find a crayon or pencil, which will later be used to mark the fabric.
Model withsimple pattern
Of course, even the simplest dress cannot be made completely without patterns. Now we will look at an example of the simplest pattern of an outfit held by an elastic band on the shoulders.
We need to draw two 80 x 65 cm rectangles (the bases for the dress), two 33 x 55 cm rectangles (these will be the sleeves), and two - 25 x 7 cm (armholes). The sizes are standard, you can change them at your discretion (the length is indicated first, then the width).
Cut out the bases drawn on paper, and then carefully trace them with chalk, leaning them against the fabric. Don't forget to mark the openings. Now we sweep the basics - first on the hands, gently chipping them with pins, and then sweeping them with bright threads.
Only after that we sew the bases on a typewriter, and if there is an overlock, we overlock the edges. We sew on the sleeves, turn off the neckline by two centimeters and sew it - we insert the elastic band into the resulting gutter. Do not forget to process the edges of the hem and sleeves, and then iron these places with an iron.
The last step - a simple light do-it-yourself dress needs decoration. Jewelry options can be very different - this is an original thin chain on the belt, a simple and discreet brooch, any element that can not only make the dress more elegant, but also set off its superiority.
What are the measurements?
Even simple dresses for beginners require a careful and precise approach: if even one measurement is taken incorrectly, the model will be damaged.
There are many types of measurements: POG -semi-chest circumference, POT - waist semi-circumference, FOB - hips semi-circumference, POSH - neck semi-circumference, LG - chest line, DTS - back waist length, CI - product length, VR - sprout height, NPS - back shoulder tilt, DB - side length, SH - chest height, RTD - front waist length, SHP - front width, and many others.
Each of these measurements should be taken when connecting certain points on the human figure, it is especially important to remember about the stomach - you need to make the necessary margin for it. In addition to the main measurements, there are many additional ones, but in our example we will not consider them.
How to take measurements?
We are considering simple dresses (with our own hands) - patterns therefore will not be very complicated either. We need to take only a few measurements - waist circumference, skirt length. To simplify, we introduce several letter designations, according to which the necessary calculation formulas will subsequently be compiled.
R and L - the radii of the circle, B - the detail for the straps, D1 and D2 - the details of the belt, Z - the length of the waist line of the skirt, FROM - the circumference of the waist. The calculation will be made taking into account the necessary allowances. We will use simple formulas: Z \u003d 1/2 (OT - 8), L \u003d (OT - 8) + Z + 5, R \u003d L: 3, 14, B \u003d 2(OT: 4 + 6), D1 \u003d OT - 8, D2 \u003d 14 + 2. Using these simple calculations, you can make an extremely accurate calculation of the necessary parameters.
So, we sew a simple dress with our own hands. This time the patterns will be made directly onfabric, no paper. If you plan to sew a long dress, you will need about five meters of material.
It is always better to buy with a margin, and do not forget that for a model worn with heels, the material consumption will still be a little more. If the plans are for a simple dress that does not reach the knees, you will need about three and a half meters of fabric.
From the remaining pieces of material, you can always come up with decorated elements for the model - these can be homemade bows decorated with beads, or elegant flowers that can also be attached to a pin, if necessary, simply removed and put away. In any case, be guided by the principles of “let it remain” than “oh, it wasn’t enough.”
Starting to cut
A simple dress (do it yourself for beginners) requires special attention - lack of experience in cutting and sewing can affect the quality of the resulting model. Fold the fabric in half, and then draw a radius P from the corner - just like we do it with a compass.
Draw a radius L in a similar way. Cut out the skirt along the lines, while not forgetting to leave reserves for the seams (at least one centimeter). We cut out the straps - two rectangles with a width of B, and a length of about two hundred and twenty centimeters. We cut out the belt according to the details D1 (length of the belt) and D2 (width of the belt). So, all the necessary patterns are ready. Now we can start sewing. We stock up on safety pins, threads and needles, and do not forget that we left stocks for seamsone centimeter.
Line by line
Starting with straps - fold each piece in half, fix with pins and carefully sew along the entire length. The next step is to sew the straps along the width on one side. We process the belt in the same way. Since we are sewing a simple dress, we will not have difficult seams.
Now it's up to the skirt - first we carefully process the hem, and then the side sections. We calculate the required length from the waist line of the skirt and measure four more centimeters down from it. From the received point we measure half of the OT and put another point. We measure four centimeters from the processed cut, bend it, apply the smell, aligning the smell marks and the side seam. We sew carefully, slowly.
Find the middle front and back of the skirt, apply the straps overlap by about four centimeters, sew the resulting layers together. Then we sew the basting lines.
So our simplest dress is ready. However, this is not the end. As in cooking, the final stage is the sample of the dish, and in tailoring, the final moment is the fitting of the product. We carefully put the dress on ourselves, carefully reviewing all the possible flaws. Do not forget to carefully iron all the seams, in no case making oblique folds.
Simple light dresses are good because you can wear them anywhere - both for a solemn event, decorating with a detail in the form of a bow, scarf, brooch, and every day - for work, for a walk or even for a date. Do not forget that after the first wash, the color of the fabric may change slightly, lightening a little, and the length of the skirtwill shorten if the matter sits down. This is especially true if the dress will be worn with heels. The advantageous side of this model is that the simpler the cut of the outfit itself, the brighter accessories you can choose for it, be it a handbag, bracelet, pendant or earrings.
These dresses never go out of style - they are very comfortable, versatile and practical. Another indisputable plus is that with such an outfit, with the help of additional jewelry, you can create your own, individual, unique image, distinguishing yourself from the mass of other women.
So, boldly take on needles, threads, choose your favorite colors and materials - and go ahead, to create the most unusual, fashionable, stylish, unique, charming, airy, elegant, bright, beautiful, eye-catching dress of the opposite sex ! Good luck!