Table of contents:
- Fabric for tailoring
- Twin bed standard sizes
- Amount of fabric and materials needed
- Preparation for sewing
- Sewing sheets
- Sew a duvet cover
- Sewing a pillow
- Instead of a conclusion
Whoever has ever encountered sewing bed linen on their own knows that, firstly, it is not difficult, secondly, it is much more profitable than buying, and thirdly, it will definitely satisfy your taste in color. The main thing is to know some of the technological features of the fabric itself, from which it is planned to sew, to be able to take the correct measurements, taking into account shrinkage and seams, and strictly follow the following instructions. So, about everything about this in more detail, plus cutting bed linen - a diagram with a width of 220 centimeters (double set).
Fabric for tailoring
From what to sew bed linen? Today, the choice of materials is so huge that it is not surprising that your difficulty in choosing. But this is a very important point, because not only the life of the bed depends on it, but most importantly - your he althy comfortable sleep. Let's find out.
The main requirements for materials are:
- softness and pleasant tactile sensations to make you sleep comfortably;
- the fabric should benecessarily from natural materials so as not to cause allergies, diaper rash (which often happens with synthetics, since the skin does not breathe in it and sweat does not evaporate);
- it must be durable and withstand many washings, plus it must have a special weave of the thread so that dirt can be easily washed;
- material must be certified, then all of the above requirements will be taken into account, and bedding made from such fabric will last for more than one year, and you will not be in for an unpleasant surprise in the form of molting, shrinkage or peeling paint, which will also negatively affect to the he alth of you and your loved ones.
Now let's dwell on the type of fabric itself. Most often, cotton fabrics are used for bed linen - these are coarse calico, poplin, satin. They are soft and pleasant to the touch, environmentally friendly, with a high threshold of hygroscopicity, which means that they pass moisture and air well, so the body breathes in them. Plus, they wear out within 3-4 years of regular use. It is better not to choose chintz, it is thin for bed linen and is more often used for baby diapers.
Linen in its pure form is rarely used in the manufacture of kits due to its natural stiffness. However, according to its characteristics, it is perfect for bed linen, because of its excellent thermoregulation. In hot weather, it is cool to sleep on it, and the fabric quickly evaporates excess moisture without getting wet, the body breathes. And in winter, linen warms well and quickly. The way out is to use linenfabric mixed with cotton, in a ratio of 50/50 or 60/40, such a sleeping set will be soft like cotton, and have the same properties as pure linen. Of course, such a fabric will cost more than satin or calico.
Mako satin is another material that is gaining popularity. It is very soft and durable, and Egyptian cotton has been added to its composition. There is a very rich and varied range of shades. This material is suitable for the manufacture of elite sets.
Bamboo linen mixed with cotton 60/40 is also popular. Such underwear is very soft, breathable, antibacterial, well-wicking moisture. The only caveat is a small variety of shades. Suitable for those who prefer underwear, calm natural palette.
Rarely used silk. But he is quite picky in tailoring, so it is suitable only for experienced craftswomen.
Twin bed standard sizes
Bedding cut at 220 width consists of 2 or 4 pillowcases, 1 sheet and 1 duvet cover and has the following standard sizes:
- sheet - 220x240 cm;
- duvet cover - 220x240 cm;
- 2 pillowcases - 50x70 cm or 70x70.
This is the European standard, and in some sources you can find discrepancies with these sizes plus or minus 10-20 cm. There are also family sets consisting of 2 duvet covers, 2 or 4 pillowcases and 1 sheet. The classic double version does not provide for a width of 220 cm.
We detaillet's analyze the cutting of bed linen - a diagram with a width of 220 (euros).
Amount of fabric and materials needed
Calculate the consumption of fabric with a web width of 220 cm.
Sheet length=240cm + 5cm (hem)=245cm
Duvet cover length=240cm x 2 sides + 5cm for seams and hem=485cm
We count pillowcases, 2 pieces (take the European standard 50x70). On a canvas width of 220 cm, it will fit 4 times 50 cm + 5 cm x 2 for allowances, this is the length of our pillows. Then we measure their width down - this is 70 cm x 2 + 5 cm x 2 for allowances + 20 cm for fabric entry. The result should be a piece of fabric measuring 210x170, which we will divide in half.
Total cutting of bed linen (diagram) with a width of 220 will require 245 cm + 485 cm + 170 cm length, total 900 cm. Plus you will need a zipper, buttons or buttons for the duvet cover. Be sure to use thick, strong quality threads.
Preparation for sewing
Attention, before sewing, the purchased fabric must be washed, dried and ironed so that it “shrinks” a little, otherwise you risk getting disproportionate linen.
Now we proceed directly to sewing, the scheme for cutting bed linen with a width of 220 is presented below.
Since our fabric is 220 cm wide, the width of the sheet is already ready, but if you wish, you can set aside and hem a centimeter from the edges, for a better aesthetic appearance. Now let's take a look at the length - measure 240 cm wide +5 cm for allowances. First, the edges with open cuts are processed with an overlock or a zigzag seam. Then we bend them on both sides by 2 cm, iron them to make it easier to sew, and at a distance of a few millimeters from the edge we make a decorative stitch. This is how the cutting of bed linen (width 220) looks like - a diagram for a sheet. Agree, nothing complicated.
The other option is much more difficult.
If you want to make a sheet with an elastic band, then the pattern for cutting bed linen with a width of 220 will look like this:
- Sheet length=Mattress length + Mattress height times 2 + 3 cm seams (For example, 210 cm + 15 cm x 2 + 3 cm);
- sheet width - mattress width + mattress height times + 3 cm seams (200 cm + 15 cm x 2 + 3 cm).
We mark the length of the sheet 210 cm and a height of 18 cm on each side. Next, you need to sew the height in the shape of a box that will be worn on the mattress. To do this, cut off excess material at the height, leaving only 210 cm wide + 1.5 cm on each side for a seam. Sew the edges with a double seam. Getting a box for the mattress.
Now you need to step back from each edge of each side by 20 cm and make serifs. Next, 4 elastic bands 60 cm wide are taken and sewn with edges to these serifs. Then we close the elastic band with a cloth and sew it into the hem so as not to touch the elastic band. The sheet is ready!
Sew a duvet cover
Next is the cutting of bed linen - a diagram with a width of 220 for a duvet cover. The fabric wemeasured for the duvet cover (this is 240 cm x 2 + 5 cm for allowances, total 480 cm), we fold exactly in half and double-seam 2 sides. We leave one for adjusting the blanket. It is best to take the smaller side and finish the open or closed section with a hem seam.
To close this side, you can use locks, buttons, buttons, which will be convenient for you. This is a European standard cutting of bed linen (diagram with a width of 220). The family set requires two duvet covers, usually 160x220 cm in size, respectively, in this case, both the footage and the cutting will look different.
Sewing a pillow
For pillows you need a piece 210x150 divided in half (i.e. 2 times 105x75 cm).
The scheme for cutting bed linen (width 220) for pillows 50x70 is as follows. Width 70 cm + 70 cm + 5 cm (for allowance) + 20 cm (for entry), length 50 cm + 50 cm + 5 cm for allowance.
We step back on the long side 2 cm, hem with a decorative stitch, then we step back 70 cm, bend, sew on the sides from the wrong side with a double seam. Then again we make a bend of 20 cm and simply process the edges of it from all sides. The result is a pillowcase with a fold.
After the bedding is sewn, it must be washed again in soapy water and ironed on both sides.
Instead of a conclusion
As you can see, sewing bed linen on your own is not a very difficult process. It is profitable, convenient, inexpensive and suitable for anya hostess who has a machine at home with an overlock or zigzag stitch. The main thing is to correctly take all the measurements, stock up on quality materials and patience, and follow the patterns in this article.