Table of contents:
- The style and silhouette of the product must be considered
- Standard indicators
- Correct data collection
- Calculation table
- Bed linen is much easier
- Baby underwear
- Fiddling with little things
- Economic fit
- Start simple
- Seamless sun skirt
- Skirt half sun
- Baby clothes
Before you sew any thing, you need to calculate how much fabric is needed to make it. For example, the consumption of fabric for skirts of the same length, but different models can vary significantly. It is very inconvenient when there is not enough material when cutting, you either have to change the style or buy an additional cut. I don’t want to have a lot of leftovers after work, because these are extra expenses.
The style and silhouette of the product must be considered
To make the correct calculation, you need to know exactly what the style will be, this is one of the main factors in the calculation. The more complex the sketch, the more fabric will be required to sew the product. If there is drapery, wraparound or folds, flounces, tiers or a train, this is also worth considering.
Fabric consumption with a width of 110 cm, 140 cm and 150 cm will also be different. You also need to consider whether any elements will be added: cuffs, hood, pockets and others.
The second fundamental factor is the build of the figure, the more magnificent it is, the greater the consumption of fabric for a skirt or other wardrobe itemrequired. For a thin girl, one length of the product is enough, but if the hips are more than 140 cm, then you will have to take a double length. This is with a straight cut, and if there is more decor, then the more fabric consumption increases.
When buying material, you need to be careful, because the width in a roll varies, the most common option is 140 - 150 cm. Sometimes these 10 cm play a decisive role, so do not forget about them.
What else should I pay attention to? Picture. If the fabric has a large check or a wide strip that needs to be adjusted, then part of the material will be cut off so that the pattern on the seam converges and the details match.
Despite the fact that all the figures are individual, in the course of work, experienced craftsmen nevertheless calculated the average sizes that correspond to the proportions of a person. These data are universal for some models of skirts, coats and women's jackets. These data are relative and cannot be guaranteed to be exactly suitable for a particular workpiece. But they can be a rough guide to calculate the approximate fabric consumption.
But the main measurements from the figure will still have to be taken.
Correct data collection
Even if there is no experience in sewing, it will not be difficult to take measurements from your figure. It is necessary to measure the girth of the chest, the centimeter tape should pass through the armpits along the most protruding parts of the chest and shoulder blades. Hip circumference - respectively through protruding pointsbuttocks, thighs and abdomen.
It is also necessary to take into account the length of the product, for this, from the highest point of the shoulder, a centimeter tape is vertically lowered down, it must pass along the protruding points of the chest and to the desired length of the future product. You also need to measure the length of the sleeve. Measurements are taken from the shoulder to the end of the desired sleeve, the arm should be bent at the elbow.
It is convenient to use the table for approximate orientation, taking into account height, as well as the width of the material in the roll. The table suggests fabric consumption for a dress, the most common models of skirts and for bathrobes.
|Type of clothing||
Width of fabric, cm
Material consumption in m
44 - 46
Material consumption in m
48 - 50
Material consumption in m
52 - 54
Material consumption in m
56 - 60
|Straight skirt||140||Low||0, 9||0, 9||1, 8||1, 8|
|Medium||0, 9||0, 9||1, 85||1, 85|
|High||0, 95||0, 95||1, 95||1, 95|
|Fitted skirt, godet style, 6 gussets||140||Low||1, 35||1, 55||1, 55||1, 55|
|Medium||1.35||1, 6||1, 6||1, 6|
|High||1, 4||1, 7||1, 7||1, 7|
|Dress with a straight silhouette, not detachable at the waistline with stitched sleeves||140||Low||1, 9||2||2, 15||2, 2|
|Medium||2||2, 1||2, 25||2, 35|
|High||2, 1||2, 2||2.35||2, 45|
|Long robe, straight cut with stitched long sleeves||150||Low||2, 6||2, 85||3||3, 15|
|Medium||2, 7||3||3, 15||3, 3|
|High||2, 85||3, 15||3, 25||3, 45|
Bed linen is much easier
Sleeve sets are much easier to make. To calculate the fabric consumption for bedding, you do not need to think about the style or the exact patterns. All you need to know before getting started is the size of the duvet and pillows, as well as the width of the bed.
It is not customary to sew sets from scraps or narrow scraps of fabric. For the manufacture of bed linen, coarse calico is used, which is sold in rolls 220 cm wide. This is the best option. If the bed is 150 cm wide, then you need tomeasure, add about 35 - 40 cm, taking into account the fact that the fabric hangs down at the edges and needs to be tucked under the mattress. So it turns out about 230 cm - so much fabric will be needed for a sheet.
Duvet cover is calculated according to the width of the blanket, you need to add 5 - 10 cm for freedom on each side. So, if the blanket is 150 cm wide, then on two sides you need 3 meters of fabric + 10 cm for freedom + 5 cm for seam allowances. Total 315 cm. For a pillow, you also need to calculate the width of the fabric and multiply by two. After adding 5 cm to the freedom and 30 - 40 cm to the hem. That's the whole calculation of fabric consumption per set.
Some mothers want to make their own kit for their baby. There is a desire to put a part of your soul into work, to do everything with love and in the best way. But such things are not often sewn, and therefore the experience in this matter is usually not great. Tips on how much fabric should be used for a crib will come in handy.
The kit usually includes a duvet cover, a sheet, a pillowcase, and bumpers for a newborn crib.
To make the correct calculations, you need to measure the mattress, blanket and pillow. 5-7 cm are added to these data, which will go to the seams, give a little freedom and compensate for the inaccuracy of the cut if something happens.
A standard crib comes with a 110 x 140 cm duvet cover, a matching sheet and a 40 x 60 cm pillowcase.
Single children's beds for children from 6 years old come in different sizes. The consumption of fabric for bed linen in this case is different. Pillowcase 50 x 70 cm. Sheet 150 x 210 cm and duvet cover 145 x 210 cm.
Children are very sensitive to everything that causes discomfort, and therefore they cannot rest calmly if the seams in the middle of the sheet interfere, so it is worth taking large-width calico, given that it will need to be laid under the mattress. For kids, the elastic option will be ideal.
Fiddling with little things
Children's sets should be comfortable, babies tend to spin in their sleep. The sheet often moves out, the blanket gets stuck in the duvet cover, and the pillow falls out of the pillowcase. Therefore, it is worth considering all the details so that the child can sleep as comfortably as possible.
Duvet cover and pillowcase can be overlapped or with snaps and buttons. A zipper will also be convenient.
It is not necessary to sew a side, but it will not hurt if the child is spinning in a dream, he can hit the railing of the bed in his sleep, and a caring mother is unlikely to like this. Also, the side protects well from excess light and possible drafts, besides, it's just beautiful. To sew this part, it is enough to measure the perimeter of the side, and the model is at the discretion of the parents.
When the material is purchased, the preliminary consumption of fabric for bedding is made, it can be cut. The elements of the future kit must be placed in such a way that the material is used as economically as possible. The layout should be carried out in such a way that after cutting there are as few patches as possible that can no longer be used. For example, a diagram is provided, but the digital values \u200b\u200bmust be replaced with your own.
All lines are applied to the fabric with chalk, a ruler and sharp scissors should be at hand.
The sheet is the simplest element, it is difficult to spoil anything when sewing it. It is better to start with it, tuck the sections twice and sew. To sew a duvet cover, the fabric is folded with the right side inward and sewn along the edge, it is important to leave an opening into which the blanket will be tucked. The width of the hole must be at least 40 cm, otherwise it will be very inconvenient to refuel.
The pillowcase is also sewn from the inside out, on the side of the free edge, a flap 20 - 30 cm long remains intact - this is the pillow valve.
Threads must be used strong, use a sewing or linen seam in work, this will add strength and durability to the product.
You can use ribbons, ruffles and lace in the design. After work, the bed should be washed and ironed, after that, calmly put the child to bed.
Seamless sun skirt
With a straight skirt, everything is clear: for thin ones, one length is enough, for lush ones, two lengths are needed. But there are many other interesting models, and they have a higher consumption of fabric, but how to calculate it? The main thing to understand is whether there will be a product with one seam or two? Or maybe no seams at all? If the model is without a seam, then the piece of matter must be square, it can be either 140 x 140 cm or 150 x 150 cm. But the length of the product will be limited by the size of the fabric. The length will be equal to half the width of the fabric minus the radius of the circumference of the waist andseam allowances. The size of the radius is calculated by the formula R1=(FROM: 6, 28), where FROM is the waist size.
When cutting, the fabric is folded in four. With this layout, you can get a skirt no longer than 55 cm.
Skirt half sun
She won't be very fluffy. Two lengths of fabric are taken, taking into account allowances for seams + fabric for a sewn belt of 10 cm and taking into account the notch at the waist. The calculation is made according to the formula R1=(OT: 3, 14). When laying out, you should always follow the direction of the pile and the pattern, if any. So, for a skirt 50 cm long, about 150 cm of fabric will go. If the length of the product is 70 cm, then almost 200 cm will go to the layout. It is worth saying that cutting such skirts is not the most economical, but if they go as part of a pattern for a festive dress, then such costs are quite justified.
In complex models or for figures where the bottom is of one size and the top of another, the calculations are not so simple. Therefore, there is a factory tailoring, and there is an individual one. If the figure is non-standard, but you need to look perfect, then you should contact the seamstress. Then you can be sure that the product will fit your figure really well.
If the product needs to be sewn for a child, then one length is enough if the thing is a straight cut. For babies, even for a fluffy skirt, one length is enough. Just two patterns for front and back are laid out in length.
Although there are models with draperies, tiers and tails, especially for festive options, then a double set of fabric may be needed. If the style withtiered puffy skirts, then it is permissible to take three lengths for one product. On clothes with a straight cut, they usually take a cut equal to the length of the thing plus a hem. Children and adolescents need to carry out an individual calculation before purchasing matter, for this they first take measurements.