Table of contents:
- Features of technology
- What you need for knitting
- Broomstick knitting for beginners
- Knitting Patterns
- Peruvian chain knitting
- Broomstick pattern on knitting needles
- Technique without additional devices
Crochet is one of the most popular types of needlework. However, there are several directions in it. Broomstick knitting is not as popular as many others, but craftswomen should pay attention to it. Products made in this technique are original. At the same time, knitting does not require special devices and a lot of time.
Features of technology
Broomstick knitting appeared in Peru, for this reason it is often called Peruvian. Here, not only women, but also men were engaged in this type of needlework. When working, the craftsmen used mainly alpaca yarn. This animal has a soft coat, the number of natural shades of which reaches 50 pieces. To date, when working with a thread, different technologies are used. This is painting in bright colors, and adding acrylic inclusions.
This technique got its name thanks to an auxiliary tool - a brumstick, which the masters used when knitting. Literally its meaningtranslated as "broom handle".
The main difference between this knitting is that it contains elongated loops. In the process of knitting, they are often combined into groups. The result is a loose, voluminous web.
What you need for knitting
Before you start learning Peruvian broomstick knitting, you should prepare all the necessary materials and tools. The master will need:
- fitting hook;
- Peruvian knitting fork.
If there is no fork at hand or this tool was not found in a specialized store for needlewomen, you can replace it with another item, for example, a stationery ruler. Plastic products are best suited for this purpose. When choosing, you should pay attention to the width of the ruler, as this indicator affects the height of the elongated loops. There are also special thick needles for knitting in the Peruvian technique.
Broomstick knitting for beginners
Work begins with a set of crochet chains consisting of air loops. Their number should correspond to the number of loops in the pattern. After that, proceed as follows.
- The last air loop is pulled out and put on a fork or ruler.
- The hook is inserted into the next air loop and a single crochet is knitted. The resulting loop is pulled out and put on a ruler.
- Similar schemework is used to knit all air loops from the chain.
- Knitting is turned over, a hook is inserted under the first 5 elongated loops and removed from the ruler.
- The loops are twisted from right to left and tied with 5 single crochets.
- The hook is inserted into the next 5 loops on the ruler, they are removed again and twisted from right to left. After tying with 5 single crochets, go to the next loops.
- When all the loops are removed from the ruler and tied, the fabric is turned over and the next row of elongated loops is cast on the ruler. They do it in the same way as the previous time.
In addition to the described classic broomstick knitting pattern, there are several more variations. Their use in work allows you to diversify products and make them unique.
- Fixing elongated loops. This is the simplest and easiest version of the technique, however, the appearance of the canvas will be somewhat different from the classic one. In this case, the elongated loops are not grouped in 5 pieces, but tied with single crochets (for each elongated loop there is 1 single crochet).
- Fastening 3, 4, 5 loops. The execution technique in this case is similar to the classic version. Only the number of loops combined in a group changes.
- 5 stitch pattern with single crochet binding. After completing the main pattern, 2 RLS follow, after which a series of elongated loops is again dialed.
Peruvian chain knitting
There is knitting using the broomstick technique, which is made from chains of air loops. This knitted fabric has a high density and is suitable for making winter warm clothes. It can be sweaters, hats, scarves, blankets. So that knitting does not look rough and unnecessarily heavy, you should choose a thin thread.
The work is performed according to the following scheme.
- Knit a chain of air loops.
- 1st row - tying loops with single crochets.
- 2nd row start knitting as follows: perform a chain of 16 air loops. This number is responsible for the size of the elongated loops, so the number can be varied at your discretion.
- The chain is fixed on the loop of the 1st row. There should be one broomstick per stitch.
- After all the broomsticks of the 2nd row are knitted, they are grouped in 3, 4, 5 or 6 pieces and tied with single crochets. It should be borne in mind that the number of air loops must be a multiple of the number of loops in one group.
Broomstick pattern on knitting needles
Classic Peruvian crochet. However, needlewomen can also use a similar knitting pattern with elongated loops on the knitting needles.
- Loops are cast on the needles. Their number must be a multiple of 5 + 2 edge loops.
- 1, 2, 3 and 4 rows knit in stockinette stitch.
- 5th row knitas follows: 1 loop - front, after that they make a yarn over (double turn of the thread around the knitting needle). After each front loop, make 1 yarn over.
- When moving to the 6th row, 5 loops are transferred to the right knitting needle. In this case, all the capes must be lowered. After that, they are transferred to the left knitting needle and knitted through 5 loops. In the same way, repeat the action with all the remaining loops in the row.
- Row 7 is a repeat of row 1.
Technique without additional devices
In addition to the methods described above, there is another option for knitting elongated loops. It does not require additional devices, however, knitting even loops in this case will be somewhat more difficult.
- First prepare a chain of air loops. The number of them should be equal to the number of broomsticks + 4 lifting loops.
- The hook is inserted into the 5 air loop and the thread is pulled through it to the level of lifting 4 air loops.
- The resulting loops are not removed from the hook. Pass the hook through the next chain and pull it through.
- In this way, cast on the hook the number of loops required to form a group of broomsticks.
- Crochet grab the thread and pull it through all the elongated loops.
- The next step is knitting another single crochet. This is followed by 5 more single crochets.
- According to the intended scheme, other brumsticks with strapping are knitted.
This crochet and knitting tutorial can be used to make large items such as sweaters, shawls, scarves, hats, dresses, tunics and more. In addition, Peruvian technique is great for finishing the bottom of products. Thanks to this hem, clothes get a finished elegant look.