The oldest intellectual board game is chess. It has always been popular, as it develops logical thinking, teaches you to plan ahead, and also forms personality traits. The player will need to develop the ability to concentrate, to abstract from others in order to fully immerse themselves in the game.
Chess is like a sport, it means tournaments and competitions. Victories give players a sense of superiority. According to the tactics of the player, you can even draw up his psychological portrait. The place where the king stands in chess tells a lot about the player. This game is truly unique, versatile and useful.
History of the game of chess
The beginning of the history of chess goes back thousands of years. Until now, scientists argue about the true age of the game. According to many sources, chess appeared no earlier than the 5th century BC. In India, a game called chaturanga arose, it was very similar to modern chess, but still different from them. For example, the number of players was 4, not 2, and the right to move was decided by a toss not of a coin, but of playing cards.bones.
In the 10th century, after numerous wanderings around the countries, chess reached Europe, where some changes were made to the game and rules were drawn up. In the 19th century, the rules were again corrected and finally formed, but the position of the king in chess remained unchanged. The world's first chess championship was held in 1886.
Before you start playing chess, you need to thoroughly study the rules. So, the game takes place on a special board, which consists of 64 cells, their colors alternate (white and black cells). The arrangement of figures depends on the color of the cells and figures. Where the king stands in chess depends on the location of the queen (queen). Beginners are told: "The queen loves her color." This means that the white queen is placed on a white square, and the king, respectively, is next to it.
Each player has 16 pieces of the same color, white or black. The first move is always made by the white piece, and the lot decides who will play white.
It is important to know and follow where the king should be in chess, since the announcement of a checkmate indicates a loss, but a stalemate indicates a draw. Each player can move only one piece per move, the exception to the rule is castling.
You can move a piece to a free cell or to a cell occupied by an opponent, which indicates its capture and removal from the board. The place where the king and queen stand in chess is central,protected from the enemy on all sides - these pieces are key.
To control the time, a chess clock is used, which looks like two dials connected together. When a player has made his move, he presses his button on the clock - time stops on them, and the hands of the opponent's clock start, and vice versa. Each watch face has its own flag, which falls down at the end of the allowed time.
Special move in chess
In chess where the king stands, there is a special move - castling. Consider the subtleties of this move. It is carried out by simultaneously changing the positions of the king and rook. The king moves two squares towards her, and the rook occupies the square next to the king, which he passed. Castling is prohibited if:
- The king and the rook that will castling have already made their first move.
- Neighboring cells are occupied.
- The king's move will put him in check.
- The king is trying to get out of check with the help of castling.
- The king is trying to castling to overcome the “broken square”.
Castling can be long or short, depending on the number of squares passed by the king.
Shah - the position of the king, in which he was attacked by the opponent. The actions of the king in such conditions:
- go to a cell free from attacks;
- defend against an attack by another piece;
- capture a menacing piece.
Checkmate - a situation in which the king was checked, it is impossible to avoid an opponent's attack.
Pat -this is a situation in which the king is surrounded by squares that are being attacked, and there is no opportunity to move another piece.