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What is retouching? Photo retouching in Adobe Photoshop
What is retouching? Photo retouching in Adobe Photoshop

Even a professional photographer can't always get the perfect picture without flaws. In order to get a successful photo, you need not only special skills in working with equipment and talent, but also experience in using various programs for processing photographic materials. The environment, background features and appearance of the model are rarely perfect, so the photo is usually retouched in a photo editor.

what is retouching

There are many such programs with a variety of functions: from simple color correction to a complete set of tools that allow you to professionally edit your photos. The most popular of them is Adobe Photoshop, in which retouching is available even to novice users and usually does not cause much difficulty. Thanks to a wide range of different filters and tools that are easy to learn, even a novice photographer can easily get a high-quality image without spending a lot of time and effort.

How to prepare for Adobe Photoshop


What is retouching in the program and how to start it? Retouching means enhancing, correcting imperfections, and correcting an image. Before you start processing a photo in any photo editor, it is highly advisable to make a copy of it. To make the process easier, you can make a copy of the layer and hide it, so that if a mistake is made, you can restore the original image or compare the original and final result as you work. It will be easier to retouch a photo if you enlarge the image several times - this will make small defects in the frame visible, after which the picture will look better. The easiest way to do this is to use the keyboard shortcut alt=""Image" and "+". You can reduce the photo using "Image" and "–".

photo retouching

What are the "actions" in Adobe Photoshop for

Retouching tutorials and Adobe Photoshop tutorials are widely distributed and available. What is retouching with "actions"? There are many free classes and videos that allow you to master the program step by step, starting with the basics and gradually moving towards mastering professional skills. The existence of so-called "actions" or recorded actions in Adobe Photoshop greatly facilitates the process of processing photos, allowing you to do more work in a certain period of time without manually repeating the same operations. They help to create various effects, change the size of photos, their color characteristics and other parameters.You can create "actions" yourself or download ready-made ones on the Internet and install them into the program.

retouching lessons

Features of retouching in Adobe Photoshop


Beginning photographers often hear requests from their clients to correct the flaws in their appearance. The face of the model most often becomes the object of retouching. In order to remove minor skin defects, such as inflammation, acne marks or scars, two tools are most often used: a “stamp” and a “patch”. In the first case, when you hover over the sample and hold down the "Image" key, a portion of the photo is captured, which can then be moved to the problem area and covered. When using a “patch”, the cursor highlights the area on the photo that needs to be retouched, and then, while holding the right mouse button, you should “drag” the area to where there are no defects. In the second case, it is possible to make a correction more thoroughly, since the edges of the area are slightly blurred and look more natural than when using the "stamp".

photo editor retouch

Blur retouching

Face and body retouching lessons are of interest to many, as this is one of the most sought-after elements of professional photo processing. Sometimes skin imperfections are difficult to remove using only a “stamp” or “patch”. If you need to process large areas, sometimes it is better to use another method: highlighting problem areas with transfer to a new layer and blurring them with a special filter.

retouching effect

How to use blur properly

Usually, the forehead, chin, cheeks are selected, the nose is captured a little and with the help of “Gaussian blur” they choose the optimal radius and admire the result. Sometimes the blur is too strong - then you can undo the action and use the filter again with different settings. The effect of retouching becomes noticeable immediately. This method allows you to get clean, radiant skin of the face, but you should not be too zealous using blurring - the face can become too smooth and look unnatural. The effect of retouching should not be too noticeable. Sometimes it's better to keep minor skin imperfections to keep the face looking natural.

photoshop retouching

The Spot Healing Brush is an easy way to fix minor imperfections

Using the Spot Healing Brush tool allows you to quickly hide minor imperfections in your appearance, such as pimples or wrinkles. Simply select the appropriate icon on the toolbar and click on the area to be corrected. But this method has its limitations: it cannot be used on dark areas, near the eyebrows, or along the hairline. It is advisable to choose the size of the brush corresponding to the zone that needs to be adjusted. Understanding what retouching with a “healing brush” is and how to use it in the usual way is quite simple.

photo editor retouch

But this tool has several additional parameters that significantly increase its areaapplications. There are different blending modes that allow you to lighten or darken, change the color and brightness of the selected area. "Replace" is a special tool that is useful when working with soft brushes. It allows you to partially preserve the detail on the border.

Frequency decomposition method

What is frequency decomposition retouching? This is a method of image processing, in which the photograph is decomposed into 2-3 frequencies. The tone and structure of the skin is separated into separate layers, as a result of which the structure of the skin is preserved and looks natural. For processing, you can record an "action" in order to use it later, retouching similar portraits. First you need to create two duplicates of the layer - the top one is called "texture", and the middle one is called "tone". At the first stage, the top layer is turned off, and the tone layer is blurred with a filter until all skin imperfections disappear. Usually it is enough to use a size of 20 pixels. Then, moving to the texture layer and making it visible, you need to select the "Image" item in the menu, after which - "External Channel". In the drop-down menu of layers, "Tone" is selected, and in blending modes - "Subtraction", the scale must be set to 2, the shift - 128. Now you need to click "OK", and in the layer window select the blending mode "Linear light". Layers "Texture" and "Tone" need to be combined into a group. To do this, just use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + G. After that, you can work on the "Tone" layer, aligning the skin color with the "healing brush". The structure of the skin will not change.

There are othersHow to retouch photos in Adobe Photoshop. They are easy enough to learn from online lessons and using various manuals.

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