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When knitting sufficiently voluminous items, such as sweaters, the craftswoman feels great relief, finishing the last large detail. The last thing left is to put the pieces together and refine some of the edges. However, at the last point sometimes there are so great difficulties that the whole work can be hopelessly spoiled. An incorrectly processed neck of a sweater is not a mistake in the drawing, which is visible only if you look closely. Or a not very even seam, which is usually not noticeable at all. Many evaluate the overall work precisely by the appearance of this particular part of the product, because it equally betrays both the inexperience and the skill of the manufacturer. Indeed, sometimes knitted dresses, made perfectly as a whole with a head, give out precisely the handwork of an inexperienced craftsman, if their necks are not processed properly, as a result of which they stretch, bulge or have uneven edges. All this can be avoided by using a simple knotting technique.
The word "kettle" has German roots and literally means"hook connection". The essence of the process is to sew a decorative knitted inlay to the edge of the main fabric for free loops. Such processing can almost always be seen on purchased knitwear, and sometimes on T-shirts, and it is the use of this technique that is considered among the masters, if not aerobatics, then a sign of a high level of skill.
The most common occurrence is the neck of the product, and it does not matter if it is a blouse with a deep neckline or a turtleneck. They also use this technique when processing the armhole, less often - the bottom of the sleeves and the product. What is it for? For decoration, along with crocheting and decorative rows made with knitting needles. But it is the weaving that brings the appearance closer to the factory one. In addition, this allows you to fix the edge in the state that is necessary, because it is this method that prevents the neck from stretching and deforming. The technique allows you to additionally strengthen the place subject to stress in order to avoid tears, as well as simply attach a collar or elastic band to the main fabric.
There are a lot of ways of knotting, special machines are used for this in production, however, for home use, it is necessary to consider methods of manual knotting of the neck.
Traditionally, the edge of the product is processed by an element connected separately. This is either an inlay or a collar. It is knitted from top to bottom, leaving the loops of the last row of the workpiece not closed. Then they start slicingneck with a needle. To do this, the part is placed over the edge of the finished product and the workpiece is sewn to it with a simple back-needle seam. In this case, they use a plastic or metal needle with a large eye and the yarn from which the collar was knitted. The main principle of the technique is that each time the needle is inserted into the open loop of the collar detail. Thus, not only does a machine-like stitch line appear adjacent to each other, but all loose loops of the additional element are secured.
Important! To prevent the workpiece from unraveling during work, an additional row is tied to it with weak loops, using a contrasting thread, and then it is gradually unraveled, thus, at the same time, only those gates from which the auxiliary thread has already been removed are free loops.
Doing this is quite simple, but only the front side looks beautiful in this case, on the wrong side the seam may turn out to be not very neat. For clarity, on the samples shown in the photo, threads of different colors are chosen, in fact, a thread of one color or two is used if it is necessary to make a neck in a contrasting color.
If it is necessary that the neck be beautifully decorated on both sides, a classic two-sided necking is performed. For this, it is necessary that the gate blank be two-layer. This can be achieved by tying double the height of the piping or ending it with a hollow elastic band. It is enough to complete 6-8 rows at the end of the part,made in a classic style or with an elastic band 1 x 1, 2 x 2. Then sew it on, first fastening the loops from the front, and then sewing the edge to the wrong side. At the same time, it is necessary to pierce the product not through, so that the seam of the wrong side is not visible from the front.
In the case of using a hollow elastic band, there will be free loops both on the front and on the wrong side, but if you use a blank folded in half, then one of its edges will be closed. There are two options for working here. Either sew it, placing free loops on the front, and closed loops on the wrong side, or dissolve the first 1-2 rows, so the workpiece will have free loops on both sides (you need to open the edge after the other is fixed).
Classic knotting is quite difficult to perform, this is due to the fact that it is not only necessary to sew on all the free loops without missing or unraveling them, but also to correctly calculate the size of the workpiece, which is often even more difficult than the technique itself. Therefore, the processing of the neck with a false kettle is very popular.
Using a crochet hook makes work much easier, thanks to it you can not only pick up the loops of a row, but also immediately form an imitation of a decorative stitch.
First, you need to crochet a braid from connecting posts around the entire perimeter of the cutout, while retreating from the edge of 5 mm (about 2 rows).
The step should be one loop. After that, from the upper edge of the pigtail, dial onloop knitting needle (the lower one will just imitate the knotting of the neck), knit the required number of rows with satin stitch or elastic. Upon reaching the desired result, the loops on the knitting needle are simply closed. In this case, not only can the problem of selecting the number of loops be avoided, but the work looks equally neat on both sides.
If it is necessary to completely close the edge, then from the loops formed by the crochet, on the wrong side of the product, also dial the loops on the knitting needle (for this, the initial pigtail must be knitted rather weakly).
After knit the same number of rows in both front and back to completely close the edge, usually 4-5 rows. Then combine them, alternating loops from the front and back knitting needles, as in a hollow elastic band.
Next, you can close by combining the knitted loop with two adjacent ones, you get a fairly dense and lush edge (as in the photo).
Or knit a row of 2 loops together, then close (the edge will turn out to be flatter), you can also continue knitting with a cloth or elastic band, forming a high collar of the product. In addition, you can combine the front and back parts not immediately (in the 6th row), but upon reaching the desired height of the gate, and also use the elastic band scheme.
All the methods of necking the neck proposed above fix the web quite rigidly, as a result of which this part of the product has a very small coefficient of stretching.However, there are times when it is necessary to maintain elasticity, such as when knitting a sweater for a small child. In this case, you can use elastic imitation of knotting.
In order to make such a collar, it is enough to pick up (or continue knitting) loops around the perimeter from the edge of the product, then tie 1 row of purl ones, which will give an imitation of a seam, then go to the front surface or elastic band. If the edge needs to be made thicker, then after the purl row, you need to tie a double length, then fold this part in half, and sew the free loops on the wrong side, but not as in the classical way, but in a zigzag, inserting the needle perpendicularly into the loop of the canvas and free loop of the same row. This seam looks neat, while maintaining elasticity at the neck.
Using the double-sided knotting technique does not mean that the design of the knitted neckline will be boring. It can be varied in many ways, the easiest of which is the formation of cloves. Moreover, they can be both along the edge of the seam and on the fold. For the former, it is enough to sew not every loop on both sides, but to make breakdowns of 2 or 3 loops, and then sew on loops No. 2 and 1 with one stitch, then also 4 and 3, 6 and 5, etc. Thus, small teeth, and the line becomes not continuous, but dotted. In a group of 3 loops, sew 2 and 1, 3 and 2, then 5 and 4, 6 and 5. In this case, larger teeth are obtained, and the linelooks like 2 stitches skip, 2 stitches.
On the fold, the cloves are just as easy to make. To do this, it is enough in the row, which will be the top, to knit the entire row according to the scheme: 2 together, yarn over from yourself (open), and the next one - just purl. Next, knit with a simple cloth.
Using the knotting technique will bring knitted dresses, sweaters and other products to a new, more professional level, and it does not matter at all whether the knotting is classic or false. This will not only make things more refined, but also increase their popularity in the handicraft market.