Table of contents:
- Peaceful life
- First success
- Spy Romance
- Lermontov Family
- Major Whirlwind
- Reviews of the novel
Ovidy Gorchakov is one of the most famous Soviet spies. Moreover, the country found out about him when, after the end of his career, he took up creativity. The hero of our article became famous as a writer and screenwriter, his novels captivated tens of thousands of readers, films for which he wrote scripts were watched by millions of people. This article will focus on the biography of the writer, as well as his most significant works.
Ovidy Gorchakov was born in Odessa in 1924. His father was a Chuvash by nationality, a native of the village of Attikovo, which at that time was part of the Kazan province.
During the Great Patriotic War, Ovid Aleksandrovich Gorchakov was already in the reconnaissance group. He personally supervised several operations carried out in the rear of the Nazis. In particular, in Germany and Poland.
Officially, he served in the headquarters of the Western Front, commanded separate special intelligence groups on the Belarusian and Far Eastern Fronts. In 1947 he was dismissed fromreserve in the rank of lieutenant.
Being in the civil service, he decided to get a peaceful profession. By 1950, he graduated from translator courses organized at the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages.
I got a job as translators in the central office of the Communist Party. In particular, he took part in the plenums and congresses of the CPSU, when they were attended by foreign guests.
Ovidy Gorchakov himself became a member of the Communist Party in 1952. By 1957, he graduated from the Gorky Literary Institute, starting to try himself in the writing field. He was admitted to the Writers' Union in 1965.
Popularity came to him in 1960, when he, in collaboration with the Polish writer Janusz Przymanowski, wrote the story "We call fire on ourselves." Five years later, the TV movie of the same name was released on Soviet screens, for which Ovid Gorchakov wrote the script together with Sergei Kolosov.
He was fond of archery, for many years he was the chairman of the All-Union Federation for this sport.
Writer Ovid Gorchakov died in April 2000 at the age of 75. Buried at the Vagankovsky cemetery.
The story "We Call Fire on Ourselves" brought the first real success to Ovid Gorchakov, so it is worth telling about it in more detail.
This story and a four-episode television movie based on it tells about real events that took place inyears of the Great Patriotic War on the territory of the Bryansk region in the German rear.
At the center of the story is Anya Morozova, a 21-year-old girl from Bryansk, who first leaves her native village with the retreating Red Army, but then returns to the refugees who never managed to get to their own. She gets a job with the Germans as a laundress, organizes an underground group that operates in conjunction with the partisans.
In the film, the role of the real Soviet intelligence officer Anna Morozova was played by Lyudmila Kasatkina.
The books of Ovid Gorchakov were very popular. Especially the novel "John Green - Untouchable", which the hero of our article wrote together with Grigory Pozhenyan and Vasily Aksenov under the common pseudonym Grivady Gorpozhaks.
In fact, this is a parody of a spy thriller, which at the same time touches upon serious aspects of the military confrontation between the Western world and the socialist camp, while the book has an anti-war orientation. In the USSR, the novel was very popular, but due to Aksenov's emigration, it was not republished until 1990. As a result, for a whole decade, the book was considered the most expensive on the literary black market.
According to the plot, the protagonist of the novel is the son of the White Guard and Russian emigrant Evgeny Grinev, who took the name Jean Green. He finds himself at the center of a spy conspiracy of CIA employees, including former Nazis, members of the SS. Green is trained by the American Green Berets, takes part in the Vietnam War, he is even sent fromspy mission to the Soviet Union, where he finally learns about the true intentions of his leadership in the CIA.
A real psychological turning point takes place with Green at home. He decides to act against his associates. In addition, he learns that American intelligence agencies were involved in the death of his father. Therefore, personal revenge is added to nostalgic and anti-war feelings.
His main goal after that is the murder of his former friend and immediate superior, Major Lot, who in fact turned out to be a Nazi who did not change his beliefs. In addition, Lot used the CIA for his own purposes.
Soviet spy, writer and screenwriter Ovid Gorchakov was the author of a large number of essays and documentary books on military personnel. Among the most famous are "Pages of a great life", "In the head patrol of the Red Army", "Commander of the invisible front", "He is with the living in the ranks", "The fate of the commander of the invisible front", "Attention: a miracle mine!".
Also, Gorchakov wrote many essays and reports on international topics, the activities of the Soviet secret services on the eve of the Great Patriotic War are devoted to his documentary-historical story "On the Eve, or the Tragedy of Cassandra". He wrote several documentary stories about Soviet intelligence officers. The most read of them were "Swan Song", "Maxim" does not get in touch", "He is a corporalWoodstock", "From the Ardennes to Berlin", "Keep forever", "Swans do not change", "I live in the Kletnyansky forest".
At the same time, Gorchakov was also engaged in research activities. In particular, he was interested in the relatives and ancestors of Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, who were originally from Scotland. As part of this work, the hero of our article worked on the Scottish archives, studied the documents of the Scottish Genealogical Society, the National Library in Edinburgh.
As a result of this research activity, he wrote "The Saga of Lermontov" and "Historical novel about George Lermontov, the ancestor of the Russian Lermontov family, and his time of troubles".
An important role in the biography of Ovid Gorchakov was played by the writer Yulian Semyonov, who actually made him the prototype of Major Whirlwind, the hero of his story of the same name.
This work is part of a series of novels about the adventures of the Soviet intelligence officer Stirlitz. The novel was written in 1967, actually becoming a continuation of the book "The Third Map". This time, the focus of the story is not Stirlitz himself, but a group of saboteurs, which includes his son Alexander Isaev.
According to the plot, the German leadership is preparing to undermine the Polish Krakow. To prevent this, a group of saboteurs is thrown into the city, led by Major Whirlwind, the prototype of which is Gorchakov. After a series of failures and not entirely unsuccessful operations, they decide to killNazi executioner, who turns out to be Stirlitz, a conspiratorial Soviet spy. He begins to cover up their activities in all sorts of ways.
In the same year, the military drama of the same name by Yevgeny Tashkov was released on Soviet screens. Honored Artist of the RSFSR Vadim Beroev appeared as Major Whirlwind.
The military prose of the hero of our article formed the basis of his work. Critics and readers noted that he was able to write especially naturalistically, as he was well versed in the subject, in fact, he knew the situation from the inside.
It is noteworthy that some of his works were actually banned for a long time, they were refused to be printed under the Soviet regime. For example, such a fate befell Ovid Gorchakov's novel Outlaw. For the first time, readers were able to get to know him only during the perestroika years.
The first reader of this book was the wife of the writer Alla Bobrysheva, who admits that she was shocked to the core when she first read this work. It was completely different from everything that was known at that time about the Great Patriotic War, it was fundamentally at odds with the official line that belonged to the Communist Party. Alla admits that only then she began to truly understand her husband, why he is often so thoughtful and self-absorbed.
Reviews of the novel
"Outlaw" is a detailed chronicle of just three summer months in 1942. The novel is largely biographical, its main characterbecomes the author himself, who signs up as saboteurs to go smash the Nazis.
Readers in the reviews of this work note that it is not like most of what is known about the war from the pages of thick novels and dramatic films. This book is different, capable of causing even indignation and rejection. Its author described what happened to him in reality. Therefore, everyone should read it.
The son of the hero of our article, Vasily, who was born in 1951, is well known. Like his father, he became a translator. Also known as an actor and stuntman.
In total, about five thousand paintings were translated into Russian with his help. In the 1980-90s he became one of the first "pirate" translators in the country.
Vasily himself admits that until the age of six he spoke English even better than Russian. His parents gave him this upbringing. In 1963, he made his first film appearance, playing one of the main roles in Maria Fedorova's film story "Big and Small" about troubled teenagers.
However, in his youth, his career was interrupted by this, his parents forbade him to act because of poor academic performance. After school, he studied at the Military Institute of Foreign Languages, Shchepkinsky School, at the Faculty of Journalism of Moscow State University.
At Mosfilm the scout's son worked as a stuntman for about ten years. In recent years, known as the founder and head of the production center "Gorchakov", producer of the English director Peter Greenaway.
To the moviesplayed small roles in Renata Litvinova's drama "Goddess: How I Loved", Viktor Ginzubrg's comedy phantasmagoria "Generation P", melodramatic comedy almanac "Petersburg. Only for Love".
Now continues to actively engage in creativity.