Wood burning. Wood burning for beginners
Wood burning. Wood burning for beginners
Anonim

Woodburning is an art that first appeared at the end of the last century in the capital of Russia. At first, this technique was used to make nesting dolls. Subsequently, this method of artistic processing of wood was called pyrography.

A bit of history

The first devices that were designed for burning turned out to be imperfect. They ran on gasoline, which glowed a platinum needle. In order to maintain a constant temperature, the burner had to constantly pump up gasoline with a foot pedal. Although the process proved to be laborious, pyrography became more and more popular every day.

Woodburning

The technique was mainly used for making nesting dolls, it was only after many years that the drawings for wood burning became more diverse and beautiful. As nesting dolls became more and more popular, labor-intensive pyrography had to be abandoned and painting took its place. But they did not forget about burning, and now this technique was used to decorate caskets, caskets and other wooden objects.

Modern appliance

wood burning for beginners

Wood burning for beginners has become a very simple and affordable technique after the electrical appliance was invented. It could now be used to decorate leather, bone, paper, and other materials.

The composition of the simplest electric burner includes: a step-down transformer, a rheostat, handles and replaceable filaments, which are also called pins. Professionals recommend replacing the rheostat with a laboratory transformer, which makes it possible to obtain high-quality burns of different tonality.

Wood burning at home involves the use of a factory-made school appliance. Such an electric burner is mainly used for contour and tonal drawings.

Woodburning for beginners

In order not to be disappointed in your skills and pyrography in general from the first time, you need to know all the subtleties of this type of needlework. For the picture, you need to take soft hardwood, for example, aspen, linden, poplar, etc. It is also worth considering the fact that some types of wood can ignite at a temperature of about 150 degrees, while others can withstand about 250 degrees. Therefore, it is better to choose a soft material, so the firing process will be easier and faster.

If you want to make a more complex drawing, then you should use carbon paper for this. In addition, you need to consider that in order to keep the surface of the tree clean and tidy, you canuse the method used by real masters. To begin with, pictures for wood burning are transferred to tissue paper. After using glue from starch or flour, stick it on the wood itself. The burning process itself must be carried out on tissue paper. When the painting is finished, the paper is carefully removed.

wood burning drawings

You need to start mastering the technique of pyrography with some kind of light and uncomplicated drawing, which does not require complex pins. This concept means brackets of different sizes, made of nichrome wire, which can be from 0.3 to 1.5 mm in diameter. To make a pin, you need to cut the wire and use pliers or round nose pliers to give them the desired shape. To make it more rigid, the wire must first be forged with a hammer. Although you can not complicate the task and buy a set of various pins in a specialized store.

Important aspects

  1. Woodburning should be started after the pin is hot and a small flame is visible from it, which should not be accompanied by smoke. In this case, you can conclude that the gasoline is of high quality, the device works perfectly and the temperature for burning is optimal.
  2. If the flame goes out and you smell burning, then the vent is most likely clogged.
  3. When the tip of the pin glows unevenly, this indicates that the gasoline you are using is of poor quality or insufficient in the spirit lampglow.
  4. If you need to take a long break during work and the tip has cooled down, do not heat it up again by blowing gasoline-saturated air, as this may lead to clogging.
  5. It is very important to clean the pin from slag during the burning period, as it will not work well, cool down, and the drawing will eventually turn out to be bad and sloppy. Do not clean it with a knife or other metal object, as this can damage and ruin the pin.
wood burner

Burning techniques

You must understand that the lines of the burner cannot be erased like a pencil, so there should not be any mistakes and blots in your work. To avoid such problems, it is recommended to attach the wood obliquely. The hand in which you will hold the burner must necessarily have good support. In this case, you can draw straight lines, and they will not go to the side. In addition, it is recommended to complete the entire drawing in one sitting. If you don't have that much time, then at least to begin with, draw the outline of the picture, and after a certain period of time, the background.

Woodburning: important rules

To get a beautiful and lively drawing, it is recommended to use lines of different thicknesses and shades. The first aspect depends on the speed of the red-hot pin, that is, the faster you move the device, the thinner the line will be, and vice versa. To control the hue, it is necessary to control the supplied air and the temperature of the tip: the larger it is, thedarker line. To quickly cool the pin, you need to touch it to a cold stone surface, for example, it can be marble, brick or granite. The wood burner should be used like a pencil, meaning it should move easily without any pushing or dragging.

wood burning pictures

At the beginning and end of the line, you need to be especially careful, as you can ruin the drawing. At an angle, strokes should start from the top and should not be burned immediately to full depth. To begin with, it is recommended to work with a chisel and only then finish everything with a pin. To make strokes, the device must be flat. To decorate the background, you can use pins with curly tips.

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