Table of contents:
- Main types of hand seams
- Machine seams
- Machine seams
- Double stitched
- Decorative machine stitching
Probably, every girl in school at needlework lessons was taught the basic types of seams for hand and machine sewing. But over time, these skills disappear. And when you need to apply the knowledge of the seams, it becomes an almost impossible task. Immediately you need to remember how to perform a French seam, how to tuck the fabric and re-master the art of threading the lower and upper threads in the machine.
All fabric processing technologies are divided into two groups. It's not hard to remember them. These are hand and machine seams (the types of seams are more diverse).
Main types of hand seams
They are used to connect parts of a future product. The most common hand seam designed for fastening parts can be called a seam made using basting technique. It is designed to temporarily connect the details of the product, outline the futurehis appearance. Most often, cotton threads of different thicknesses are used to make this seam. Also popular technology - "over the edge." With its help, the parts are sewn together so that the resulting fragment of the product can be turned inside out.
The buttonhole stitch is more often used for decorative finishing - in this way, the edges of a hand-embroidered napkin are processed. The "back of the needle" stitch looks the same as a machine stitch. Therefore, it is used in cases where you need to hem the hem of a skirt, for example. But in order to shorten the product, they came up with hemming seams. They are of two types: simple and secret. It's not hard to master them. A blind stitch is useful when you do not want anyone to see the stitches of thread on the finished product. It is used frequently. French stitching is not a hand sewing technique, although it may appear to be done by a person rather than a machine.
Machine stitching will take much less time than the same job done by hand. On a sewing machine, tailors even use a decorative technique for processing fabric or decorating a finished product. They look especially impressive if you make a line with a thread that differs in color from the fabric. Contrasting colors will look best in this case. Machine seams are divided into two types: connecting and decorative.
The most commonly used fabric processing technique is the joining stitch or “stitch”, i.e. designed for bondingproduct parts to each other. This is a normal straight line. The threads are not visible at all, with the correct execution of the work, of course.
Otachnaya seam - one of the varieties of stitching technology. It is used during the processing of reversible parts. To do this, the parts are folded face to face and connected with a simple line, that is, they use a stitching technique.
The sewing seam is one of the strongest. It is also called "denim". Why? It is often used to process denim. The stitching seam looks like a decorative stitch, both from the front and from the wrong side. All types of laundry can be sewn with a backstitch.
When sewing bed linen, a double reverse seam is used. To join the overlays, tailors use the technique of making a false seam with a folded cut. You can see it on the finished product. And to process the cuts of the details of the product, the master needs knowledge of how to make edging seams. Particular attention can be paid to the double seam.
It is quite common in light industry. This technique is also called French and linen stitching. The double seam on the front side looks like an ordinary stitched connecting line. From the inside, it looks like a stitched fold. Often the French seam is used to process thin, "flying" and transparent fabrics, such as organza, silk. Linen stitching looks very similar to the sewing technique, but it is simpler. But how to learn how to perform this machine seam, if in the textthe description is incomprehensible, but the picture shows it schematically and strangely?
Those girls who want to learn how to perform a French seam can watch a master class on it on the Internet. Such video tutorials can be found on popular sites. This method of learning is very convenient - everything is visible, there is sound, you can watch the video several times.
But if you explain in words, then the description of the technology for making a linen seam will be small. First you need to fold the parts inside out to each other, lay a line at a distance of 0.5 centimeters from the cut of the part. Then you need to cut the allowances close to the laid line and carefully unfold the parts, folding them the other way around - right sides to each other. It remains only to lay the line again with the help of a sewing machine and that's it - the linen line is ready. You can do the procedure several times until the result satisfies you. As you can see, double stitching on a machine is a snap.
Decorative machine stitching
Decorative seams are used to finish products. They give the impression of embroidery and look beautiful. One of the decorative seams is the stem stitch. It is used to make plant stems, small twigs and other embroidery elements. A line is laid with small stitches along the contour of the pattern once or twice (depending on the thickness of the thread). There is also a "beaded" stitch, so named because it resembles a line embroidered with beads.
Looks very nicedecorative and finishing seam, performed using a sewing machine, and it is called a “pigtail”. It looks great on women's summer sundresses and dresses.
We talked about how to understand basic hand and machine stitches. Learning how to perform them, if desired, is not so difficult, because today it is very simple to find any benefit. The French seam may come in handy more often than other technologies for connecting product parts, so you should pay special attention to it.