Table of contents:
- Getting ready for work
- Taking measurements
- Knit pattern
- Calculate the number of stitches to cast on
- Determine the level and depth of the armhole
- Finishing the armhole
- Calculate the number of loops for the gate
- We knit the collar
- Simplified seamless tank top
- Pattern options
Different things made by hand have always been in great demand. However, they adapt to the rules of fashion and style. For example, knitwear is now at the peak of popularity. For this reason, a huge number of girls and women, who previously didn’t hold knitting needles in their hands, had no idea at all how these tools look, are now mastering the new technology with great enthusiasm. After all, knitting allows you not only to make a unique thing, but also to spend time with pleasure. Why did we bring this topic up? In addition, in the current article we will present detailed instructions that will help you make a knitted vest with knitting needles.
Getting ready for work
Before you start making a product, you should choose a pattern. In this case, you can be guided by your own taste. The main thing is to take into account the season of wearing a knitted thing. After that, you need to pick up yarn and knitting needles of the right size for it. As for knitting threads, professional knitters advise to buy cotton for light products, wool for warm ones.
Knitted vests for children should be made of hypoallergenic materials. And for openwork it is better to choose a monophonicyarn. The number of spokes is easy to determine on your own. Experts recommend focusing on the thickness of the thread. Its diameter should be one and a half times smaller than the tool.
Choosing a pattern for a product is not as difficult as measuring a model or a customer. And all because each thing requires its own parameters. To make a knitted vest with your own hands, you need to measure:
- shoulder width - A;
- neck girth - B;
- product length - B;
- armhole level - G;
- chest circumference - D.
People who are just starting to learn the basics of knitting know how difficult it is to start any product. And all because it is extremely important for him to dial the correct number of loops, which can be determined far from the first time.
However, the matter will be much easier if you know the secret. Before starting work, professional knitters knit a sample of the pattern chosen for a knitted vest, approximately 1010 centimeters in size. Moreover, they always use prepared knitting threads and knitting needles. After that, the number of loops and rows in the sample is counted, the designation is divided by ten, rounded, according to the rules of mathematics, and as a result two parameters are obtained: E - the number of loops, W - the number of rows in one centimeter.
Calculate the number of stitches to cast on
You can knit a vest in different ways. Professional knitters note that it is more convenient to perform the back and front straps.separately, starting from the bottom edge. To do this, you need to calculate the loops. It is quite simple to do this: you need to multiply the parameters E and D, and then divide by two (you will get the result for the back). The final number must be compared with the rapport of the selected pattern. Traditionally, each product has two edge loops, they are not taken into account in the calculation. The rest must be divided without a trace by the number of loops in the rapport. Then the pattern will turn out even. If this condition is satisfied, we proceed to the implementation of a knitted vest. If not, adjust the total number of stitches to cast on and finally cast on the needles.
Determine the level and depth of the armhole
Knitting hand holes is difficult. But before proceeding to this stage, it is necessary to calculate the number of rows that separate the bottom edge of the product from the armhole. To do this, we again turn to mathematics: we multiply the parameters W and G. As a result, we find out how many rows from the bottom edge of the vest should begin to knit the armhole.
To correctly determine how many rows the studied part of the product occupies, we perform a simple calculation: (parameter B minus parameter D) multiply by parameter F.
Finishing the armhole
Here we have reached the most difficult stage of describing a knitted vest. Most knitters have difficulty with it. And all because everyone can reduce the loops. But the armhole should be rounded. Achieving this is no easy task. But we will help the reader by providing detailed instructions.
First of all, we countthe number of extra loops. To do this, multiply the parameters E and A. Further:
- The final number is subtracted from the current number of loops.
- So, we find the difference that remains on knitting two armholes.
- So we divide the value by two. This is how many loops one armhole takes.
- After the mathematical calculation, we return to work again.
- In the first row, bind off six loops from each edge.
- In the second and third - already five.
- In the fourth, fifth and sixth - four each.
- The remaining loops are evenly distributed over the last rows.
Calculate the number of loops for the gate
Currently, women's knitted vests, sweaters, blouses, tops, T-shirts, etc., which do not have a collar, are very popular. Their upper edge is a straight line. The front and back are connected along it and sewn only along the shoulder seams. The finished product looks quite original and unusual.
But if you still want to make a classic version, you should calculate the loops. It is very simple to do this: multiply the parameters B and E. The only clarification that the reader should pay attention to is that the front part of the product, made in the form of two sticks, fits only half of the collar. Therefore, the final number should be divided by two.
We knit the collar
Traditionally knitted vests for girls, girls and women are decorated with a round collar. Although in recent years, other forms are becoming more common. Square -the one that is easiest to do. Seven rows to the upper edge of the product, the number of loops allotted for the gate should be separated in the middle of the canvas. It is better to transfer them to an additional knitting needle or pins. Then the "straps" are knitted with an even cloth, but separately. And when the gate line is tied with a hook or supplemented with an elastic band, the left loops are also grabbed.
Simplified seamless tank top
For beginners, it is better to knit a knitted vest, the description of which is proposed below:
- First of all, we measure the length of the product, chest circumference and armhole level.
- After that, we count the loops and start knitting the product.
- We cast on the number of loops equal to the entire circle.
- We knit a flat fabric, moving back and forth, to the level of the armhole.
- After that, select the back and two front shelves.
- We knit each separately.
- About 7-10 rows before the end, we begin to round off the shoulder seams, decreasing an equal number of loops in each row and gradually fading away.
- The gate is not issued in this case.
- The finished product is sewn at the shoulder seams.
- The corners of the shelves, located at the level of the collarbone, are bent like a collar. Sew on or fasten with buttons.
Professional knitters note that it is very difficult to choose a pattern for a conceived product. After all, it has a direct impact on the beauty of any thing. Very often an interesting style of vestis lost if it is not formatted correctly. Therefore, talking about the technology of knitting a knitted vest for a girl, girl or woman, we cannot ignore the pattern patterns for knitting needles. And they are complex and simple, interesting and unusual, suitable for warm or summer products.
When choosing the right option, it is important to consider not only the season of wear, but also the age of the person to whom the products are knitted. It is better for children to choose simple options and make them with yarn in bright colors. And for girls and women, patterned, openwork and voluminous products are suitable. Recently, plain "perforated" things have been especially popular.
We hope that in the material presented, we were able to convince the reader to at least try to make the intended product on their own. After all, professional knitters mastered their skills to perfection far from immediately. They have come a long way of trial and error. Therefore, stopping halfway or abandoning your favorite pastime because something didn’t work out is wrong and very stupid. Only thanks to patience and diligence will it be possible to learn how to perform real masterpieces of needlework. And in the future - even make money on them.