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Crochet: the basics. Crochet for Beginners
Crochet: the basics. Crochet for Beginners

The creations of needlewomen give rise to a desire to master the work with a hook. Then a lot of questions arise - from how to hold the hook and thread, to the difficulties with reading the diagrams. As in any other needlework, you will need to learn the basics. Crocheting starts with the simplest - the hook must first be successfully selected.

Choice of hook, yarn and how to hold them

It can be difficult for a beginner to decide on the hook number. In this case, you should pay attention to the recommendations given by the yarn manufacturer. Typically, the label indicates not only the composition with the weight of the skein, but also the length of the thread and the most appropriate size of knitting needles and hooks.

Do not immediately take on thin yarn. Let it be as thick as possible. Then the work will go quickly and will not seem complicated and tedious. Over time, skill will come, and it will be possible to take on models that are airier and thinner.

crochet basics

As for how to hold the hook, there is no consensus. Any instructions that contain the basics of crochet say that it should be comfortable, which is different for everyone. It can lie in the brush likepen or be pressed against the palm of the little finger and ring finger. Each needlewoman herself determines how comfortable she will be.

But the thread must be evenly taut, otherwise it will not work correctly to pick up and pull through the loops. It must be clamped between the thumb and forefinger, then thrown over the second of them. It should be skipped under the next two and brought out over the little finger. All fingers need to be slightly squeezed so that the yarn slides easily between them, but does not fall out. Without these nuances, it will not be possible to master the basics. Crochet will be comfortable if these simple conditions are observed.

Getting Started: Knot and Chain

There are several ways to secure the thread at the beginning of work. One of them is to place it in a special way on the fingers of the left hand.

First you need to put the thread from the ball on three (from the little finger to the middle) fingers. Then send it to the index and put it under the big one. Make a loop around it and attach to the one already on the three fingers mentioned at the beginning.

Now you need to insert the hook into the loop formed on the thumb, pick up the thread from the index finger and pull it out. It remains only to tighten the knot. This is how crocheting begins. The basics for beginners continue in the dial chain.

crochet basics

It consists of air loops. Air - because they are not fastened with other rows. Such a chain can be knitted immediately from the position of the thread that was described for the knot. After tightening it onthe working thread remains on the index finger, and its end is clamped between the large and medium ones (it is so convenient to start work without removing the yarn from the hand).

It is necessary to hook the working thread with a hook from the index finger and pull it through the loop located on it. At the same time, hold the knot with your thumb and middle fingers. They should stretch the finished work a little. This will be required in order to successfully master the basics of crochet.

This chain continues until the required amount is reached according to the scheme. Please note that the thread on it is not considered a loop. Novice needlewomen sometimes encounter such a mistake.

How is a connecting bollard made and when is it used?

It is also called a connecting loop. Sometimes you can also find such names: hook, deaf or blind loop. It's all about him.

Its designation is also ambiguous. In circular diagrams, it most often looks like an arc. And in other cases, it can be a dot or a small dash.

But it is always knitted the same way. It is worth starting to learn the basics from it. Crocheting begins with the fact that it must be entered into the first loop of the chain. Then pick up the thread on the index finger and pull it through everything that is on the hook. The connecting column is ready. During practice, you can knit them a whole row or even a small square.

This loop is used very often in a round pattern. Because there the beginning of the series coincides with its end. If you want to make napkins using crochet, the basics(photo) in the practice of such loops will be simply necessary.

crochet basics for beginners

Main types of columns

It can be difficult for a beginner to decide where the first, second or fourth loop from the hook is. To count them correctly, you just need to ignore the one on the hook.

Each of the columns at the beginning of the row will require a lift. The higher the bar, the more stitches you need to knit.

  1. Single crochet. Works like a connecting loop, with one change. The hook must not be stretched immediately through everything that is on it, but only through the canvas of work. As a result, there will be 2 loops. The thread must be picked up again and this time stretched through everything. For lifting, it usually uses two air loops.

  2. Crochet. An extra step appears in the knitting technique. Before threading the hook through the fabric, you need to wrap the thread around it - this is a yarn over. Then the thread is supposed to be pulled through the work loop and left on the hook. Then, in turn, knit in pairs the loops on the hook. The rise is formed by 3 loops.

  3. With 2, 3 double crochets. The work is complicated by the required number of turns of the thread. And pairwise knitting becomes a little more. It takes 4, 5 air loops to rise, respectively.

crochet basics photo

A few more elements to master

If a certain skill has already appeared, then you can expand the set of elements thatincluded in the basics. Crocheting should certainly bring joy. And for this, the number of columns must be increased.

  • The stride step is used for tying the product. It is knitted like a double crochet, only the movement is not from right to left, but from left to right.

  • The lush column is an indispensable element of patterns. It usually consists of several double crochets. It has only one condition: you need to knit all these columns from one loop.

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