Volumetric crochet patterns: description and patterns
Volumetric crochet patterns: description and patterns
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Crochet fabric almost always turns out to be slightly denser than the one that is formed when working with knitting needles. This is primarily due to the fact that during the formation of columns, the thread is subjected to repeated twisting, as a result, the thickness of the web becomes much greater than the thickness of the thread. There are many methods to soften knitting, make it looser and softer. However, this is not always the case. In some cases, obtaining a dense and even rigid fabric is the ultimate goal of the knitter. It is for such situations that numerous voluminous crochet patterns have been developed.

an example of a crocheted voluminous canvas

Where volumetric ornaments are used

The list of products that are knitted using such patterns is very wide, here are clothing items, accessories, and interior decor.

In clothes, voluminous crochet patterns are necessary for knitting cardigans, collars, cuffs, berets, hats, scarves and many other items. However, when applying the scheme for the purpose of manufacturing a rough canvas, the purpose of the product should be taken into account. It is very easy to make a mistake and get heavy, bulky and completely unattractive chain mail instead ofplanned oversized sweater. If you are going to make any product larger than a mitten, it is advisable to knit a control sample.

Techniques by which three-dimensional patterns are formed

In fact, there are a lot of such ornaments, and it makes no sense to describe them all. However, volumetric crochet patterns can be combined into several main groups:

  • Knitted from a thick thread.
  • Openwork with voluminous elements.
  • Solid with convex fragments.

Often the volume of crocheted patterns is given by such techniques:

  • Lush columns.
  • Embossed posts.
  • Knitting with the capture of only one "pigtail" loop of the previous row.
  • Single crochet lining.

Openwork ornaments with relief fragments

They suggest the presence of an openwork background, on which compositions of relief elements are placed. The photographs below show three-dimensional crochet patterns, diagrams and descriptions for them.

openwork volumetric pattern

Rapport is highlighted in blue.

three-dimensional crochet patterns

Due to the presence of a large amount of mesh, this pattern is very easy to reduce or expand, as well as forming the contours of the part in accordance with the pattern.

The undoubted advantage of this scheme is also the arrangement of the "bumps" in a checkerboard pattern. This technique avoids excessive angularity and geometric pattern.

Sprigs are made using lush columns. This type of volumetric elements is formed whensimultaneous knitting of several columns with a crochet. For the correct execution of a magnificent column, all columns with a crochet (or with several crochets) must have a common base. 3-7 double crochets are considered optimal, then the magnificent column turns out to be really voluminous.

Volume crochet patterns: pattern patterns from lush columns

A good example of the patterns described above is the one shown in the following diagram.

three-dimensional crochet patterns schemes and description

Here, the lush columns are made in a very unusual way: across the canvas.

stage of knitting a three-dimensional pattern

To knit each of them, first make a column with one or more crochets.

how to knit a three-dimensional pattern

Then wrap it around with unfinished columns.

the formation of a lush column

The quantity is selected based on the thickness of the thread.

completion of knitting a magnificent column

At the finishing stage, all unfinished stitches on the hook are knitted together.

This should be the end result.

three-dimensional crochet patterns

3D crochet patterns: embossed rows

Volume rows can be equipped with almost all patterns designed for the hook. They can emphasize existing ornamental lines or form new ones.

Such three-dimensional crochet patterns are made in two ways:

  1. Tying any lining. Such a method can beused for the manufacture of a circular or even row. When knitting, a dense and thick thread or wire is laid along the fabric. Then the column is formed so that the working thread completely hides the lining (it is inside the row). The resulting row comes out quite embossed and stands out against the background of a flat canvas.
  2. The second method is related to a special way of capturing the loops of the previous row. When knitting columns, the hook should not be inserted under both “pigtails” of the bottom row, but only under one of them. As a result, a kind of scar is formed, passing across the entire canvas.

Cloth of thick yarn

An elementary way, thanks to which you can easily get a three-dimensional pattern, is to use a thick thread for knitting. We are talking about yarn with a thickness of at least 100 grams / 100 m.

Today, the assortment of many traditional and online stores is striking in its diversity. Here and thick wool, and acrylic, and cotton, and even lace yarn from knitted fabric. The use of such non-traditional materials allows you to create truly original and unique products.

A feature of knitting from thick yarn is the use of a very large hook (7-20 mm). There is no longer a need for a complex pattern, since it will not be visible anyway. It is better to pay attention to the accuracy of knitting and maintaining uniform density.

Embossed column

One of the most common dense ornaments is a three-dimensional crochet braided pattern. The photo below shows an example of a canvas made in this way.

3D braided crochet pattern

When finished, this knitting resembles knitted canvases. It is based on the same principle: elementary crossing of loops or separately connected elements of the canvas in the required order.

Embossed columns are formed by introducing a hook not under the “pigtails” of the loops of the previous row, but directly under the column itself. Depending on which side of the canvas the relief column is formed from, it can be convex or recessed. Their combination allows you to get different patterns.

Simpler patterns are limited only to weaving columns, and the formation of a volumetric braid requires a separate knitting of its elements, followed by weaving. This process is illustrated in the following photo.

crochet patterns

Here you can see how the bands of the future harness are formed with the help of short return rows, and then, after weaving it, the knitting of the general row is resumed.

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