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Murad Aji: the forgotten past of the Turkic Kipchaks
Murad Aji: the forgotten past of the Turkic Kipchaks
Anonim

Modern science cannot boast of a large number of scientists who go against known historical dates and facts. One of them - Murad Aji - not only dared to take such a step, but also became popular in this field. His hypothesis about the resettlement of the Turks-Kipchaks caused a wide resonance in the scientific community of historians and ordinary readers. Thus, he earned friends and envious people. Who is Murad Aji?

murad aji

Biography and creative life

Murad Adzhi is the pseudonym of Adzhiev Murad Eskenderovich, a Kumyk writer and historian. Born in Moscow on December 9, 1944. Graduate of the Faculty of Geography of Moscow State University in 1969. Then, as a result of competitive selection, he got a job at the Financial and Economic Institute at the Department of Geography. In addition to the main one, he has the profession of a science journalist and TV presenter.

In 1989 he left the department to work in the magazine “Around the World”. In it he was engaged in photography and writing essays about small peoples, which determined his future path as a writer. Murad began to research the history of the Kumyks. A series of essays formed the basis of the book “We are from the Polovtsian family”, which was published in 1992 and led to the dismissal of the writer from the editorial office. Currently freewriter.

Throughout his creative career, he has authored about 400 articles and 30 popular science books, including works for youth and children, published both in Russian and English. One of the special books for Murad Aji is "Siberia: XX century", which was included in the list of banned books of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

murad aji books

Hypothesis about the origin of the Turks

According to the author, in the I millennium BC. The Great Migration of Peoples began, which lasted about 10 centuries. The source was Central Asia (or Ancient Altai). Northern India, Indochina, the Middle and Near East, as well as Europe began to be settled by the Turks, which led to their wide geographical and cultural distribution in the Middle Ages.

Murad Aji believes that the Turks have distinctive features that represent them as a whole: patterns and ornaments on products, the alphabet, writing and belief in the single god Tengri. According to the author, it was the name of the creator, which had a religious character, that became a term that united the Turkic-speaking peoples as a whole. Over time, the contacts of other peoples with the Turks led to the creation or renewal of Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. According to this hypothesis, the ancient Turkic language was a means of communication between representatives of these religions and was sacred.

murad aji reviews

History of the Turks

From the hypothesis it becomes clear that for the writer under the pseudonym Murad Aji, the history of the Turks is the main theme of the works, because it is it that runs like a red thread through the wholecreative path of the author. The first study was presented in the report on the example of the ethnogenesis of the Kumyk people at the symposium "Law and Ethnos" in the international format. In the work, the author spoke in detail about the territory of residence, the socio-state and cultural structure of the ancient Turks.

According to the author's hypothesis, Desht-i-Kipchak occupied the territory from Lake Baikal to the Atlantic, including modern Russia, and was the predecessor of Russia, and the Turkic-speaking peoples (Balkars, Kumyks, Karachais, etc.) were the descendants of those ancient Turks. The author detailed his theory with the geography and chronology of the resettlement in the books “We are from the Polovtsian clan” and “Wormwood of the Polovtsian field”.

The next book, “The Mystery of St. George, or the gift of Tengri: From the spiritual heritage of the Turks” tells about the formation of Christianity on the basis of Tengrianism, the religion professed by the Kipchaks (ancient Turks). The theme of the Great Migration continues in a number of other works by Murad Aji. A special place is occupied by the book "The Breath of Armageddon" - the history of Caucasian Albania and the wars that began in the 16th century and take place in the modern world.

murad aji history of the turks

About Kazakhs

The author's research in the search for the roots of the Kumyk people led him to Kazakhstan. What does Murad Adzhi write about Kazakhs? The writer believes that these people are the descendants of the Kipchak Turks, who were forced to forget about the past and given a new name. This means that Kazakhstan is Desht-i-Kipchak - a country that had a highly developed civilization. It was the Kipchaks who invented the method of smelting ore and creating such toolslabor, like a plow, wagon, brick, oven. These inventions improved the life of the Kipchaks (Turks) and led to migration to India, North Africa, the Near and Middle East, and then to Europe.

Until the 16th century, the population of these countries spoke the ancient Turkic language and professed Tengrism. According to Murad Aji, Roman, Byzantine, Chinese and Persian civilizations became dependent on the Turks and paid tribute to the Kipchaks. The state of Desht-i-Kipchak existed until the 17th century, when Peter the Great conquered the free lands of the Cossacks.

Selected works of Murad Adji

Murad Adzhi, whose books are controversial both among historians and ordinary readers, believes that the dismissal from the editorial office of the journal led to the birth of a freelance writer and allowed him to delve into research on the Kipchak Turks. He detailed his ideas in the following works:

  • "Polovtsian Field Wormwood";
  • "The Secret of St. George, or the Gift of Tengri";
  • "Europe, Turks, Great Steppe";
  • "Kipchaks";
  • “The Turks and the World: A Secret History.
murad aji reviews

Historians and readers find in these works many contradictions with known dates and facts, but Murad explains this discrepancy by the fact that there was a conspiracy against the Turks between the Greeks and Romans, so historical documents were falsified.

Murad Aji: book reviews

The books of Murad Aji aroused great interest both in Russia and in Turkic-speaking countries. It cannot be said that the reviews are positive, since historiansconsider his works to be pseudoscientific, lacking logic and a serious scientific basis. But, despite the attacks of historians, the works of Murad Adzhi in some Russian universities are included in the lists of recommended literature, and scientists of various speci alties mention his works in their scientific research papers.

Although the hypothesis of the resettlement of the Turks has not received wide distribution, Aji is considered one of the significant people who influenced the history of Altai. In addition, the Baku Slavic University recognized the book "Polovtsian Wormwood" as the best work on Turkic history, literature and language.

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