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Full-frame "Nikon": list, lineup, technical characteristics, features of operation
Full-frame "Nikon": list, lineup, technical characteristics, features of operation
Anonim

In today's world, cameras are gaining more and more popularity. Photography is a new art that everyone can do. With the help of pictures, we convey emotions, feelings, fix the history of our life, as well as the world around us. Most people take pictures for themselves, just capturing something important. But there are also real professionals in taking pictures, they live their photos, and in order to convey the mood as much as possible, they wait for hours for the right moment, go on special trips, chasing a sensual and emotional photo. Millions of sites are created, the main theme of which is photography. People communicate their experiences in this way.

Thanks to its simplicity, this kind of art is deeply embedded in the hearts of many. And progress does not stand still, and people come up with something new, improve cameras, making the picture better, more natural. Now full-frame cameras are gaining popularity, which provide good detail, excellent quality and color gamut.

Briefly about devices

The name of the cameras comes from the phrase"full frame". A full frame is the size of the photosensitive matrix responsible for the quality of the image. The larger the matrix, the better the picture quality will be, the less noise there will be with a lack of light. Cameras most often use a semi-format size, that is, an APS-C 23x15 mm matrix. APS-C is the generally accepted designation for crop factor matrices (truncated size). In full-frame cameras, the sensor dimensions are the same as those of a 35mm film camera (35x24mm). Pictures taken with a full-frame camera are 1.5 times larger than with a half-format sensor.

What is popular?

Film cameras have been around since the 19th century, but why are full-frame cameras gaining popularity only now? The fact is that when the active production of digital cameras began, they most often used smaller matrices due to the too high cost of full-frame sensors. Now such matrices have become more affordable, so the demand for them is growing.

Matrix dimensions

Is these cameras really necessary?

Although full-frame photography has become fairly affordable and cheap compared to past decades, many large companies still prefer cameras with a reduced matrix, simply improving and improving them. This begs the question: "Since half-format cameras are more popular, is there any point in buying full-frame equipment?"

First of all, you should understand why you need a camera at all. Most often, people buy cameras in order to leave a memory of somea significant event in their life, for example, about a holiday or a pleasant trip. It is clear that in the family archive or social networks no one will look at the dimensions of the matrix of the camera on which the photo was taken. If you use the camera only for yourself, then you should not spend money, the main thing to remember is that not only quality is valued in photography, but also the composition and the meaning inherent in it.

What about those who make a living from photography? This is the same profession where you need to improve your skills and improve, work on the quality of work, color depth. In fact, many manufacturers have managed to create non-full-frame models with a resolution of more than 16 megapixels, while the quality remains high even at ISO 1600.

Narrow DOF (depth of field) has always been a hallmark of full-frame bokeh, but now you can achieve the same image with ultra-fast aperture 1.2 lenses.

However, full-frame cameras are much more expensive than non-full-frame cameras, and they are also heavier and take up more space.

The difference between crop factor and full-frame cameras will not be noticed by a non-professional person, therefore, it is up to you to decide whether to buy full-frame cameras, after weighing all the pros and cons. Retro lovers appreciated this undertaking, as the film technique lay in the soul of many.

Pros and cons of full-frame cameras

As mentioned inIn the previous paragraph, modern semi-format cameras may well compete with full-frame cameras in terms of picture quality, size and price. What are the benefits of full-frame photography?

  • The size and light sensitivity of the sensor help to create images of very high quality and good detail.
  • Low noise operation, which is good for photographers who, for example, hunt rare animals.
  • The presence of continuous shooting, it allows you to catch the natural movement.
  • With fast autofocus, you can quickly switch from subject to subject, preventing blur.

Of course, full-frame cameras also have disadvantages:

  • Dimensions of cameras. Weight and dimensions do not always make it easy to carry equipment, and without a tripod, hands get tired quickly enough.
  • Slow shooting speed. Despite fast autofocus and continuous shooting, you still won't be able to capture the moment instantly.
  • Cost of cameras and additional equipment.
  • Careful approach to technique and selection of optics. Many full-frame cameras will not accept other brands of lenses.

As we can see, the number of pros and cons of full-frame technology is the same. This means that everyone is free to choose, based on their tastes and preferences.

Cameras Nikon

Nikon Company

The history of the company began in 1917 in the Japanese city of Tokyo. Since then, Nikon has been one of the leading manufacturers of optics and variousphotographic equipment.

This manufacturer makes cameras for different tastes: there are budget, amateur and professional cameras. Since Nikon is responsible for the quality of its products, even the cheapest cameras up to two thousand rubles have good content for their money. As for very expensive equipment, the price of professional cameras, for example, varies between 200 - 400 thousand rubles. Interestingly, Nikon produces not only photo and video equipment, but also microscopes and other devices necessary in medicine.

The main competitor of Nikon has always been and will be Canon, they often share the first place in the ratings of the best cameras. Both firms are located in Japan, have a similar look and build.

What are the features of Nikon? This manufacturer pays great attention to the quality of shooting in low light. Also an advantage is the large size of the sensor, making high-quality photos with a small number of pixels. The company also adds small details that make the job much easier. Nikon, even in the most basic and cheap models, has good autofocus, many modes, an HDR effect (which is not available on all cameras, even Canon).

Everyone chooses a camera according to their taste, and Nikon is one of those companies that has millions of fans around the world. Among its products, you can choose a good camera that will be convenient and easy to use.

Features of full-frame Nikon cameras

Nikon was one of the first companies to launch full-frame cameras. And many usersphotographic equipment prefer this particular manufacturer. What is the difference between a full-frame Nikon and its counterparts from other brands? Let's try to figure it out.

Firstly, since the company already has experience in creating such equipment, the quality of a Nikon full-frame camera is very much appreciated on the market. Such a device will please with long work. Not many manufacturers can compete in performance with Nikon. Full-frame cameras from their production are characterized by a high resolution of more than 35 megapixels, striking in their detail. And this is very important for amateur photographers.

Secondly, the full-frame Nikon has a lower price compared to Sony and Canon, which cost at least 150 thousand rubles. As for Nikon cameras, professional devices can be found up to 90 thousand.

After all, the cameras of this company are very affordable. Full-frame Nikon can be found in so many popular stores, you don’t have to constantly look for cameras on various sites, repurchasing already used products.

List

When choosing a Nikon camera, it is worth remembering that this company has its own designations. How to determine which Nikon is full-frame? Let's illustrate with an example. FX is a full-frame Nikon, while DX has a 23.6x15.7mm sensor.

So, below is a list of full-frame Nikon cameras in terms of price and quality.

Nikon D610

Nikon D610. One of the most affordable models:

  • The screen resolution of this model is 24.3MP.
  • Device screen - 2inch, fixed, has 921.000 dots.
  • Viewfinder present, optical.
  • Maximum continuous shooting: 6 fps.
  • Video resolution: 1080p.
  • The camera is one of the cheapest on the market - 80 thousand rubles

Additional pluses are also the presence of a slot for SD cards, as well as water protection. But of the minuses, it is worth highlighting the location of the autofocus points too close to the center.

Nikon D750

Nikon D750. This model is far from new, but is still in great demand:

  • The resolution is 24.3MP.
  • The screen is also two-inch, but already inclined, has 1.228.000 dots.
  • There is a viewfinder, also optical, like the previous model.
  • Camera burst speed: 5 fps.
  • Maximum available video resolution: 1080p.
  • Cost - 120 thousand rubles.

It is also possible to tilt the touch screen. A clear disadvantage is not such a high-quality video.

Nikon DF

Nikon Df. This model has:

  • Retro design.
  • The resolution is less than 16.2MP.
  • Inches - 3, 2, screen fixed, 921.000 dots.
  • Viewfinder - optical.
  • The maximum speed of this model during continuous shooting is also 5 fps.
  • Camcorder not recording.
  • The cost of the model is 160 thousand rubles.

Inexpensive and beautiful camera, but the lack of video recording is disappointing.

Nikon D810 is the best full-frame Nikon. Why?

Amongfull-frame Nikon D810 models lead the way with the highest resolution. This camera was released in 2014. Despite this, she is still the best Nikon model in the list of full-frame models.

Nikon D810

And here's why:

  • Resolution one of the largest on the market - 36.3MP.
  • Large screen - 3.2 inches, fixed, 1.228.800 dots.
  • The viewfinder, like previous models, is optical.
  • The burst speed is 5 fps.
  • Available video shooting resolution is 1080p.
  • The cost is relatively small - 120 thousand rubles.

This camera is not very cheap, but its characteristics are fully consistent with reality, and an AA filter is an additional plus. If you are not afraid of the lack of Wi-Fi, then this camera is definitely for you.

Differences between mirrored and mirrorless

First of all, it's worth understanding the difference between SLR and mirrorless cameras. The main difference lies in the fact that the former have a mirror, while the latter do not, therefore, the mechanism of operation for such models will be different. Mirrorless cameras are a more budget-friendly and convenient option, and therefore the quality is slightly worse, but good mirrorless cameras can compete with DSLRs in quality.

Now let's move on to full-frame cameras. Is there a difference between mirrored and mirrorless models?

Since full-frame equipment requires an additional purchase of optics, in the case of SLR models, it will be possible to save money. HereThe rule of thumb is to buy one large body and many small lenses, or one small camera and a fair amount of large lenses. This also applies to weight. For mirrorless cameras, you will need to carry extra batteries as well.

As for built-in optics, mirrorless cameras lose here too, since not all lenses have, for example, IBIS, so it will be easier to search for lenses for Nikon full-frame DSLRs, but you need to know that the lens is non-native brand may not fit.

If non-full-scale cameras do not have any special differences in DSLRs and mirrorless cameras, then in the case of full-frame cameras, it is better to give preference to SLR models so as not to suffer with a lot of lenses and batteries.

Lenses for full-frame Nikons

It's worth starting with the fact that all full-frame photographic equipment requires the purchase of additional optics. You need to approach the purchase of a lens with all caution, because lenses play an important role. Sometimes they are even more important than the camera itself. You can’t save on optics, because a non-native lens may simply not be suitable, especially if you purchase a full-frame camera. Nikon has a very large list of optics, so choosing is not difficult. It is worth remembering that lenses specifically for full-frame equipment have the FX marking. There are now more than 70 such lens models on the market in different tastes and colors, all of them are marked with special markings with company abbreviations, for example:

  • There are type G and type D lenses. On lensestype D can be adjusted aperture. Type G lenses have a focus motor available.
  • VR - Indicates optical image stabilization. There is a VR II version running on newer models.
  • Lenses with the AF designation use a focus motor, allowing you to focus faster.
  • The inscription AF-S means that the lens also has a focus motor.
  • SWM stands for "Silent Wave Motor", which means ultrasonic motor.
  • N - Nikon proprietary nanocrystalline coating. Such a coating is needed to get rid of glare and light.
  • If marked ED, then the lens is equipped with extra-low dispersion lenses that reduce the amount of chromatic aberration in the photo.
  • FL refers to fluorite glass lenses that reduce chromatic aberration and weigh less.
  • Micro is Nikon's macro lens.

So, we have decided on full-frame Nikons. What is the most advanced and inexpensive 2.8 lens? 2.8G Nikon (24-70mm f/2.8G ED AF-S Nikkor). As the reviews show, it is the most complete and versatile, its price starts from 90 thousand rubles.

Although Nikon has a large selection of lenses for full-frame cameras, there are still a few manufacturers whose optics are also quite suitable, such companies include Sigma, Tamron, Tokina and Samyang.

On average, the price of lenses ranges from 40 to 120 thousand rubles.

Nikon lenses

Conclusion

SoCombining all of the above, we can say that full-frame cameras are an indispensable thing for professional photographers. Such cameras significantly increase the quality of shooting, making the picture clear, rich and natural. Of course, full-frame photographic equipment has a number of disadvantages, the main of which are the price and interchangeability, since modern SLR cameras may well compete with full-frame ones, not inferior in quality or color indicators, and even winning in price.

Should I buy full-frame cameras? Most users are still inclined to answer “no”, since there is no point in overpaying for the same features. However, the number of fans of full-frame cameras is increasing. As already mentioned, this is a matter of taste.

As for the Nikon company, it is one of the few most successful in creating full-frame cameras. The equipment of this company is distinguished by quality and relatively low price. Another plus is the variety of choice of both the cameras themselves and the optics. Therefore, Nikon is the undisputed leader in the world of modern cameras, therefore, it is worth giving preference to this particular company, which already has millions of fans, as the company takes a very responsible approach to creating even simple cameras for beginners.

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